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The Plasticity Of Denervated And Reinnervated Laryngeal Muscle: Focus On Single-fiber Myosin Heavy-chain Isoform Expression.
Published 2004 · Biology, Medicine
No studies have examined the effects of denervation on the single-fiber distribution of myosin heavy-chain (MyHC) isoforms in laryngeal muscle. The fast type IIB MyHC isoform represents the largest proportion of the myosin pool in the posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) and the thyroarytenoid (TA) muscles. However, the fast type IIB MyHC isoform is distributed differently at the single-fiber level. Hence, we hypothesized that denervation would result in markedly different patterns of MyHC isoform expression at the single-fiber level. To test this hypothesis, we assigned animals to the following 3 groups: (1) control group; (2) denervation group; or (3) reinnervation group. Animals were killed 7, 14, 30, 90, and 180 days after denervation or reinnervation. Subsequently, the distribution of MyHC isoforms were electrophoretically determined in approximately 7200 single fibers. There were 4 key findings to emerge from this study: (1) The MyHC isoform profile of the PCA muscle, at both the whole-muscle and single-fiber level, is more malleable than that of the TA muscle. (2) In the PCA and TA muscles, denervation produced some similar changes, resulting in a large increase in the pool of fibers coexpressing fast type IIX and IIB MyHC isoforms. (3) Reinnervation of the TA muscle produced significant alterations in the single-fiber distribution of MyHC isoforms while having little effect on the whole-muscle MyHC isoform composition. (4) Since the transitions in MyHC isoform expression associated with denervation were limited primarily to fast type IIB to fast type IIX, we postulate that only minor reductions in muscle function would result (as defined by maximum shortening velocity and the force-velocity relationship).