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Plasma Serotonin In Migraine And Stress.
Published 1967 · Medicine
IN 1961, Sicuteri, Testi, and Anselmi 1 demonstrated that the excretion in the urine of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA), the principal catabolite of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT), was increased during some attacks of migraine headache. This was confirmed by Curran, Hinterberger, and Lance 2 in the majority of patients studied whereas Curzon, Theaker, and Phillips 3 were able to find such a correlation in only two out of nine migrainous subjects. Interest in the possible relationship of serotonin to the migraine syndrome had quickened following Sicuteri's preliminary trial of methysergide, a serotonin "antagonist," in the treatment of migraine. 4 The value of methysergide maleate has since been established, although the mechanism of its action is still unexplained. 5 Kimball, Friedman, and Vallejo 6 were unable to produce headache in migrainous subjects by the injection of serotonin or its precursor 5-hydroxytryptophan. Indeed they found that injection of these substances relieved spontaneous migraine headaches. These