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State‐Trait Anger Expression Inventory

C. Spielberger
Published 2010 · Psychology

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In 1872, Darwin (1965) observed that anger (rage) was a powerful emotion that motivated “animals of all kinds, and their progenitors before them, when attacked or threatened by an enemy, to fight and protect themselves” (p. 74). Anger is reflected in facial expressions (e.g., reddened face, clenched teeth), muscular tension, and accelerated heart rate, and it differs from rage “only in degree, and there is no marked distinction in their characteristics” (Darwin, 1965, p. 244). Keywords: anger; aggression; hostility; STAXI; emotion; personality; anger expression; anger control
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