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The Deep Space Network
Published 2016 · Computer Science
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NASA missions in low Earth orbit communicate through either the Near Earth Network (NEN) or the SN (Space Network), with the SN, both operated by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The SN has of a number of Tracking and Data Relay Satellites (TDRS) in geosynchronous orbits. In addition, the European Space Agency operates a number of ground stations that may be used to track NASA deep space missions during the hours after launch. In addition, commercial companies operate ground stations that can communicate with NASA missions. The remainder of this book describes only the Deep Space Network operated for NASA by JPL.