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Iron Status Following Trauma, Excluding Burns

D. Walsh, K. Pattanapanyasat, P. Lamchiagdhase, P. Siritongtaworn, P. Thavichaigarn, N. Jiarakul, C. Chuntrasakul, C. Komoltri, C. Dheeradhada, F. Pearce, W. Wiesmann, H. Webster
Published 1996 · Medicine

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Serum concentration of iron, transferrin saturation and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) were measured on days 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 13 in 36 Thai patients with trauma (burns excluded) to determine temporal changes in iron metabolism. Throughout the study profound hypo‐ferraemia was observed in association with decreased transferrin saturation. TIBC, in contrast, did not differ significantly from that in controls. These findings confirm previous reports which describe altered iron metabolism in association with an adverse event, a response known as ‘stress hypoferraemia’, and extends these observations to non‐burned patients with trauma. The degree of hypoferraemia in patients in this study was not related to sepsis, Injury Severity Score, volume of blood transfused or surgery, suggesting that hypoferraemia following trauma is an independent event. The recognition of rapid and prolonged iron sequestration provides insight into the clinical condition of patients with trauma.
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