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Functional Mapping Of Human Motor Cortical Activation With Conventional MR Imaging At 1.5 T
Y. Cao, V. Towle, D. N. Levin, J. Balter
Published 1993 · Physics, Medicine
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A conventional 1.5‐T magnetic resonance (MR) imager was used to detect signal intensity changes on T2*‐weighted images of human motor and sensory cortices during performance of hand and tongue movements. Narrow receiver bandwidths were used to improve the signal‐to‐noise ratio. Protocols consisting of baseline, motor task, rest, and second motor task periods were performed by nine volunteers. Two‐dimensional cross correlation was applied to correct in‐plane translation and rotation of the head during the imaging session before the control images were subtracted from the task images. Measurements obtained during finger movement tasks indicated a 3%–8% increase in signal intensity near the contralateral central sulcus and smaller ipsilateral signal intensity increases. Bilateral signal intensity increases were also observed during tongue movement studies. A retrospective image registration technique was used to map the signal changes onto conventional anatomic images, which were used to create integrated three‐dimensional models of brain structure and function. These integrated images showed that the highest signal intensity due to hand movement was near the putative central sulcus.
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