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Patterned Growth Of Oriented 2D Covalent Organic Framework Thin Films On Single-layer Graphene

John W Colson, J. Mann, Catherine R. DeBlase, William R Dichtel
Published 2015 · Materials Science

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Two-dimensional covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are polymer networks that organize molecular building blocks into porous, layered structures of interest for organic optoelectronic and energy storage devices. Current synthetic methods produce these materials as either insoluble, microcrystalline powders or as oriented thin films on various substrates, including single-layer graphene (SLG). Under these conditions, COF thin films form on both the graphene-coated and bare regions of the substrate, suggesting uncontrolled nucleation processes that occur either in solution or nonselectively on different surfaces. Here, we describe modified polymerization conditions that provide COF films selectively on SLG. This finding enables COF films to be grown on lithographically patterned SLG substrates, which provide insight into the uniformity of film growth across the substrate and factors relevant to their nucleation and growth. The ability to grow COF films selectively on lithographically patterned SLG will facilitate their integration into devices. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2015, 53, 378–384
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