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Market, Organizational And Managerial Correlates Of Economic Performance In The U.K. Electrical Engineering Industry

P. H. Grinyer, P. McKiernan, M. Yasai-Ardekani
Published 1988 · Economics

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Hypotheses relating to market, organizational and managerial determinants of profitability and growth are developed and tested using data collected by structured interviews in 45 randomly selected companies in the electrical engineering industry. Multiple regression analysis suggests that market share and barriers to entry are the principal determinants of profit margins, but that tightness of control of working capital and aggressive management style also have an important influence. Centralization of decision-taking among smaller companies, too, was associated with greater profitability, whilst more extensive budgetary control and planning of acquisitions or diversification were both negatively correlated with the latter. Profitability was the single most important predictor of the rate of company growth of sales but constraints from organized labor, from sources of finance, and conservative management styles, the rate of product change, R&D intensity, and decentralization all entered significantly.
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