Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Self-esteem And Its Relationship To Bullying Behaviour

Mona O'Moore, Catherine Kirkham
Published 2001 · Psychology
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
From the rapidly growing literature on bullying, it is increasingly recognised that peer relationship problems as manifested in being bullied are associated with low self-esteem. However, the literature on self-esteem in relation to children who bully others is controversial. The objective of this paper is to elucidate further our understanding of the relationship between self-concept and bullying behaviour. Data from a nationwide study of bullying behaviour carried out in Ireland during 1993-1994 have been reviewed. The relevant results from 8,249 school children aged 8 to 18 years are presented. The paper examines the global and dimensional nature of self-esteem and how it relates to children and adolescents who either have been victimised or bullied others. A distinction is made between "pure victims," "pure bullies," and children and adolescents who were both bullied and who bullied others. In other words, pure victims were those who had not bullied others, and pure bullies had not themselves been bullied. Those who were both bullied and bullied others were subdivided further into victims who bully occasionally, sometimes, and frequently and bullies who are victimised, occasionally, sometimes, and frequently. The results show that children of both primary and post-primary age who were involved in bullying as victims, bullies, or both had significantly lower global self-esteem than did children who had neither bullied nor been bullied. However, the pure bullies, in contrast to the pure victims, placed the same value on their physical attractiveness and attributes and on their popularity as did their peers who had not bullied others or been bullied. The bully-victims of all ages had the lowest self-esteem of the subgroups in the study. Also, the more frequently children were victimised or bullied others, the lower was their global self-esteem. The typology and frequency of bullying and the age of the children when they were involved in bullying influenced the status of the specific domains of self-esteem. There were, e.g., significant differences in anxiety between the pure bullies of post-primary age and their peers who had not bullied others or been bullied. The postprimary children who bullied most frequently were the least anxious. The results indicate that high self-esteem protects children and adolescents from involvement in bullying. Thus, in view of the strong relationship between self-esteem and bullying that has been found in the present paper, it is recommended that top priority be given by parents and teachers to preventing and reducing feelings of poor self-worth among children and adolescents.



This paper is referenced by
10.1007/s00038-014-0638-7
Exploring traditional and cyberbullying among Irish adolescents
Mary Callaghan (2014)
Am I a Bully? A Mixed Methods Phenomenological Study of the Perspectives and Experiences of Girls Who Are Relationally Aggressive
Laura A Hogarth (2016)
BULLYING AND VICTIMIZATION IN CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS: IMPLICATIONS FOR INCLUSIVE PRACTICES
Eleni A. Didaskalou (2009)
Acoso y ciberacoso en escolares de primaria: factores de personalidad y de contexto entre iguales
García de Andoin Fernández (2013)
Cyber harassment prevention through user behavior analysis online in kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)
Fahad Abdullah Moafa (2018)
10.1080/15388220.2016.1222498
Longitudinal Analysis of Links Between Bullying Victimization and Psychosomatic Maladjustment in Swedish Schoolchildren
Karin Hellfeldt (2018)
10.1007/S10826-017-0740-6
Weight, Perceptions, and Bullying: What Kind of Pounds Matter?
Natalie M. Schell-Busey (2017)
10.1001/archpedi.158.8.730
Cross-national consistency in the relationship between bullying behaviors and psychosocial adjustment.
Tonja R Nansel (2004)
10.1590/s0036-36342007000100002
[Family functioning, self-esteem and substance use in adolescents: a mediational model].
Gonzalo Musitu (2007)
Examining the peer relationships and conflict experiences of adolescent girls and women on the autism spectrum
Felicity Sedgewick (2018)
10.1177/0886260518817780
Bullying Victimization Among Peruvian Children: The Predictive Role of Parental Maltreatment.
Carlos Martin Benavides Abanto (2018)
10.1080/02643944.2018.1453859
Anti-bullying procedures for schools in Ireland: principals’ responses and perceptions
Mairéad Foody (2018)
10.1177/1524838014537904
Pathways From Bullying Perpetration, Victimization, and Bully Victimization to Suicidality Among School-Aged Youth
Jun Sung Hong (2015)
Bullying in the Elementary Schools: from the Aspects of the Students, the Teachers and the Parents
Hülya Kartal (2008)
10.6084/m9.figshare.1351876.v1
Teacher attachment and intention of aggressive behaviour among school children
Journals Iosr (2015)
10.1080/15388220.2014.935386
Domain-Specific Self-Concept in Relation to Traditional and Cyber Peer Aggression
Shanee Toledano (2015)
Relationship between Aggression and Self-Concept in Nine and Ten-Year- Old Children
Hale Dere Çiftçi (2015)
10.13016/M2TP7N
Initial development and validation of a questionnaire to assess risk of personal victimization and bullying
Benjamin Joseph Perlow (2015)
Social Support as a Protective Factor for Bullied Children and Adolescents
Seandra J Cosgrove (2014)
10.1037/bul0000171
Quasi-Experimental Evidence on Short- and Long-Term Consequences of Bullying Victimization: A Meta-Analysis
Tabea Schoeler (2018)
10.1111/sjop.12367
The personality basis of aggression: The mediating role of anger and the moderating role of emotional intelligence.
Esperanza García-Sancho (2017)
10.1037/cap0000083
Développer les compétences psychosociales des élèves pour lutter contre le harcèlement scolaire: une revue de la littérature
Natacha Hoareau (2017)
10.1080/02796015.2003.12086210
School Bullying: Changing the Problem by Changing the School
Pamela Orpinas (2003)
10.1089/cyber.2009.0137
Comparing Children and Adolescents Engaged in Cyberbullying to Matched Peers
Kimberly Twyman (2010)
Peer victimization, student engagement, and school attendance: Structural equation models
Jason B. Dunkle (2009)
Violencia entre iguales en Educación Primaria: un instrumento para su evaluación
Beatriz Molina (2008)
Do parental relations impact on involvement in bullying? : a preliminary investigation into the relations between bullying and parental relations self-concept
Katrina A Newey (2009)
10.1590/s0036-36342007000100002
Funcionamiento familiar, autoestima y consumo de sustancias en adolescentes: un modelo de mediación
Gonzalo Musitu (2007)
10.1590/1413-81232014193.16082013
Internalized homophobia as a partial mediator between homophobic bullying and self-esteem among youths of sexual minorities in Quebec (Canada).
Martin Blais (2014)
10.1177/1403494810364563
Emotional, self-conceptual, and relational characteristics of bullies and the bullied
Eivind Meland (2010)
10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02253.x
Psychosocial mediators and moderators of the effect of peer-victimization upon depressive symptomatology.
Simon C. Hunter (2010)
An Examination of the Role of Parental Influences on Girl's Development of Embodiment
Marianne Pelletier (2012)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar