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Peritoneal Mesothelioma In Italy: Trends And Geography Of Mortality And Incidence.

S. Conti, G. Minelli, V. Ascoli, A. Marinaccio, M. Bonafede, V. Manno, R. Crialesi, K. Straif
Published 2015 · Medicine

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INTRODUCTION Peritoneal mesothelioma, a very rare and lethal malignancy, has not been investigated as extensively as pleural mesothelioma, although the role of asbestos exposure in its occurrence is well-known. Data from Italy are relevant, as it was the largest European asbestos producer, and asbestos was widely used in many economic activities. METHODS A population-based mortality and incidence analysis was performed in Italy. Data sources were the National Multiple-causes-of-death Database (1995-2010) and the Italian Mesothelioma Register (1993-2008). RESULTS We found an increasing trend of age standardized mortality rates in men, but no clear trend in women; moreover, we showed significant risks of death in several northern regions, formerly heavy asbestos users; finally, mortality/incidence ratios similar for both genders (about 0.8) were estimated. CONCLUSIONS The study, based on national data, showed a higher risk of mortality from and incidence of peritoneal mesothelioma in areas with formerly heavy exposure to asbestos.
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