Tryptamine And Dimethyltryptamine Inhibit Indoleamine 2,3 Dioxygenase And Increase The Tumor-reactive Effect Of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells.
Melissa Cavalheiro Tourino, Edson Mendes de Oliveira, Luziane Potrich Bellé, Franciele Hinterholz Knebel, Renata Chaves Albuquerque, Felipe Augusto Dörr, Sabrina Sayori Okada, Silene Migliorini, Irene S Soares, Ana Campa
Published 2013 · Biology, Medicine
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Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-induced tryptophan-degrading enzyme, producing kynurenine (KYN) that participates in the mechanism of tumor immune tolerance. Thus, IDO inhibition has been considered a strategy for anticancer therapy. The aim of this study was to identify whether the metabolites originated from the competitive routes of tryptophan metabolism, such as the serotonergic or N, N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) pathways, have inhibitory effects on recombinant human IDO (rhIDO) activity. Serotonin and melatonin had no effect; on the other hand, tryptamine (TRY) and DMT modulated the activity of rhIDO as classical non-competitive inhibitors, with Ki values of 156 and 506 μM, respectively. This inhibitory effect was also observed on constitutively expressed or IFN-γ-induced IDO in the A172 human glioma cell line. TRY and DMT increased the cytotoxic activity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in co-culture assays. We conclude that the IDO inhibition by TRY and DMT contributed to a more effective tumor-reactive response by the PBMCs.
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