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Towards A Comprehensive Hydride Donor Ability Scale.

M. Horn, Ludwig H Schappele, Gabriele Lang-Wittkowski, H. Mayr, A. Ofial
Published 2013 · Chemistry, Medicine

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Rates of hydride transfer from several hydride donors to benzhydrylium ions have been measured at 20 °C and used for the determination of empirical nucleophilicity parameters N and s(N) according to the linear free energy relationship log k(20 °C) = s(N)(N+E). Comparison of the rate constants of hydride abstraction by tritylium ions with those calculated from the reactivity parameters s(N), N, and E showed fair agreement. Therefore, it was possible to convert the large number of literature data on hydride abstraction by tritylium ions into N and s(N) parameters for the corresponding hydride donors, and construct a reactivity scale for hydride donors covering more than 20 orders of magnitude.
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