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Fluorescent Trimethylated Naphthyridine Derivative With An Aminoalkyl Side Chain As The Tightest Non-aminoglycoside Ligand For The Bacterial A-site RNA.

Y. Sato, Masafumi Rokugawa, S. Ito, Sayaka Yajima, H. Sugawara, N. Teramae, S. Nishizawa
Published 2018 · Chemistry, Medicine

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The bacterial ribosomal decoding region of the aminoacyl-tRNA site (A-site) is one of the most validated target RNAs for antibiotic agents. Although natural aminoglycosides are well-characterized A-site binding ligands, high off-target effects and the growing emergence of bacterial resistance against aminoglycosides limit their clinical use. To circumvent these concerns with the aminoglycoside family, non-aminoglycoside A-site binding ligands have great potential as novel antibiotics against bacterial infections. This work describes a new class of small heterocyclic ligands based on the 2-amino-5,6,7-trimethyl-1,8-naphthyridine (ATMND) structure for the bacterial (Escherichia coli) A-site. ATMND possessing an aminoethyl side chain is found to strongly and selectively bind to the internal loop of the A-site (Kd =0.44 μm; pH 7.0, I=0.06 m, 5 °C). Significantly, this ligand shows the tightest binding reported to date among non-aminoglycoside ligands. The binding study based on the thermodynamics and molecular modelling reveals key molecular interactions of ATMND-C2 -NH2 for high affinity to the A-site. This ligand is also demonstrated to be applicable to the fluorescence indicator displacement assay for assessing ligand/A-site interactions.
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