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N-terminal Pro-brain Natriuretic Peptide In The Elderly With Myocardial Infarction.

Iwona Szadkowska, Jan Henryk Goch, Janusz Kawiński, Krzysztof Chiżyński
Published 2008 · Medicine
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BACKGROUND The myocardial infarction (MI) results in the change of the levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in blood. In addition, attention is paid to the dependence of NT-proBNP levels on the patients' age. However, the behavior of natriuretic peptide levels has not been recognized well enough in the elderly with MI treated with invasive methods. HYPOTHESIS The aim of the study was to estimate the effect of age on NT-proBNP levels in patients with first MI, and treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with complete coronary revascularization. METHODS One hundred and sixty-one consecutive patients with first ST-elevation MI, and treated with primary PCI with stent implantation (occlusion in infarct-related artery was the patient's only lession) were included. Determination of NT-proBNP level and echocardiography were performed on the 4th-5th day of MI. RESULTS Thirty-seven patients (23%) aged>or=65 y were considered as a study group. The NT-proBNP levels were nearly 4-fold higher in older patients than in younger patients. Only systolic and diastolic dysfunction, mitral regurgitation, troponin T levels, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were independent risk factors of the occurrence of elevated NT-proBNP concentration above median. CONCLUSIONS The patients' age was not a factor independently affecting the increase of NT-proBNP level above the median in patients with first MI and treated successfully with primary PCI. Independently associated elevated levels of NT-proBNP were as follows: presence of diastolic dysfunction, mitral regurgitation, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, troponin T concentration, and GFR.

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