Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Potential Risk Assessment Of Metal Consumption In Food Crops Irrigated With Wastewater

M. U. Khan, Said Muhammad, R. N. Malik
Published 2014 · Environmental Science, Chemistry

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
This study investigates the potential risk assessment via consumption of food crops irrigated with wastewater in the districts Sialkot and Gujranwala, Pakistan. For this purpose, samples of water, soil, and food crops were collected from the study area. Metals including potassium (K), sodium (Na), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), copper (Cu), cobalt (Co), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) were analyzed using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The concentration of Na was found highest in wastewater (WW), followed by Ca, Mg, etc., while lowest for Co. Similarly, in WW irrigated soil (WWIS) the highest concentration was found for Fe and lowest for Co, while other metal fall between these two extremes. Results showed significance (p < 0.001) using t-test among WW and WWIS as compared to tube well water (TW) and TW irrigated soil (TWIS). Food crops were assessed for daily intake of metal and health risk index (HRI), revealing an HRI < 1. However, if current practices continued it could cause health hazards in near future. Therefore, this study suggested that local farmers should be educated using awareness programs to avoid WW irrigation to the food crops.
This paper references
10.1016/J.ENVINT.2005.05.042
Impacts of sewage irrigation on heavy metal distribution and contamination in Beijing, China.
W. Liu (2005)
10.1002/CLEN.201000131
Heavy Metal Determination and Pollution of the Soil and Plants of Southeast Tavşanlı (Kütahya, Turkey)
Fetullah Arik (2010)
10.1007/S10661-007-9846-4
Spatio-temporal variations in water quality of Nullah Aik-tributary of the river Chenab, Pakistan
Abdul Qadir (2008)
10.1016/J.GEXPLO.2012.04.008
Health risk assessment via surface water and sub-surface water consumption in the mafic and ultramafic terrain, Mohmand agency, northern Pakistan
M. T. Shah (2012)
10.1155/2013/974580
In Vitro Wound Healing Potential and Identification of Bioactive Compounds from Moringa oleifera Lam
A. A. Muhammad (2013)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2011.04.029
Metal contamination of soil and translocation in vegetables growing under industrial wastewater irrigated agricultural field of Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
K. Tiwari (2011)
10.1016/J.ENVRES.2005.12.019
Calcium and magnesium in drinking water and risk of death from acute myocardial infarction in Taiwan.
C. Yang (2006)
10.2307/2259267
Principles of Plant Nutrition.
D. J. Bowling (1980)
Investigation of Metals Accumulation in Some Vegetables Irrigated with Waste Water in Shahre Rey-Iran and Toxicological Implications
M. Bigdeli (2008)
10.1155/2013/935671
Attenuated Increase in Maximal Force of Rat Medial Gastrocnemius Muscle after Concurrent Peak Power and Endurance Training
R. Furrer (2013)
10.1016/0025-326X(84)90298-4
Manual of methods in aquatic environment research. Part 9. Analyses of metals and organochlorines in fish: FAO/SIDA, 1983. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap., (212): 33 pp. (Obtainable from FAO, Via dello Terme di caracalla, Rome, Italy)
R. Howell (1984)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2005.04.028
Heavy metal content of vegetables irrigated with mixtures of wastewater and sewage sludge in Zimbabwe: Implications for human health
M. Muchuweti (2006)
10.1002/CLEN.201000589
Hazardous Heavy Metal Distribution in Dahuofang Catchment, Fushun, Liaoning, an Important Industry City in China: A Case Study
G. Wu (2012)
10.1016/J.MICROC.2011.03.003
Health risk assessment of heavy metals and their source apportionment in drinking water of Kohistan region, northern Pakistan
Said Muhammad (2011)
10.1016/J.APGEOCHEM.2004.01.004
Composition of water and suspended sediment in streams of urbanized subtropical watersheds in Hawaii
E. Carlo (2004)
10.1016/S0273-2300(02)00020-X
Trace element risk assessment: essentiality vs. toxicity.
S. Goldhaber (2003)
10.1016/J.ECOENV.2005.11.007
Heavy metal contamination of soil and vegetables in suburban areas of Varanasi, India.
Rajesh Kumar Sharma (2007)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.047
A comparative study of human health risks via consumption of food crops grown on wastewater irrigated soil (Peshawar) and relatively clean water irrigated soil (lower Dir).
F. Jan (2010)
10.1016/J.MICROC.2011.03.012
Heavy metal concentrations in soil and wild plants growing around Pb–Zn sulfide terrain in the Kohistan region, northern Pakistan
Said Muhammad (2011)
10.1016/J.ENVPOL.2007.06.056
Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China.
S. Khan (2008)
10.1016/J.PLANTSCI.2003.12.032
Effect of copper on growth in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus) and its relationships with carbohydrate accumulation and changes in ion contents
B. Alaoui-Sossé (2004)
10.1002/CLEN.201000275
Responses of Different Chinese Flowering Cabbage (Brassica parachinensis L.) Cultivars to Cadmium and Lead Exposure: Screening for Cd + Pb Pollution‐Safe Cultivars
Qiu Qiu (2011)
10.1007/s10646-012-0935-y
Metal (Pb, Cd, and Cu)-induced reactive oxygen species accumulations in aerial root cells of the Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa)
N. Liu (2012)
Wastewater treatment and use in agriculture - FAO irrigation and drainage paper 47
M. B. Pescod (1992)
10.1155/2013/194765
Wild Plant Assessment for Heavy Metal Phytoremediation Potential along the Mafic and Ultramafic Terrain in Northern Pakistan
Said Muhammad (2013)
10.1016/B978-012656975-9/50018-3
CHAPTER 16 – Voltage and Calcium-Activated K+ Channels of Coronary Smooth Muscle
J. Marijic (2001)
10.1016/J.FOODCHEM.2008.04.049
Heavy metal accumulation in vegetables irrigated with water from different sources
Monu Arora (2008)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.07.067
Human health risk from heavy metal via food crops consumption with wastewater irrigation practices in Pakistan.
M. U. Khan (2013)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2004.11.005
The effect of long-term irrigation using wastewater on heavy metal contents of soils under vegetables in Harare, Zimbabwe
F. Mapanda (2005)
10.1201/9781420039900.CH13
Elements of Group VIII
H. Pendias (2000)
10.1002/CLEN.201100550
Heavy Metal Contamination in Arable Soils and Vegetables around a Sulfuric Acid Factory, China
Juan Liu (2012)
10.1002/CLEN.201100151
Environmental and Health Impacts of Successive Mineral Fertilization in Egypt
A. Abdelhafez (2012)
10.1016/S1001-0742(11)60833-4
Health risk assessment of heavy metals in soils and vegetables from wastewater irrigated area, Beijing-Tianjin city cluster, China.
Y. Wang (2012)
10.1016/j.fct.2010.07.018
Arsenic health risk assessment in drinking water and source apportionment using multivariate statistical techniques in Kohistan region, northern Pakistan.
Said Muhammad (2010)



This paper is referenced by
10.1007/s11356-018-1655-5
Potential harmful elements in coal dust and human health risk assessment near the mining areas in Cherat, Pakistan
M. Ishtiaq (2018)
10.2166/wh.2015.066
Role of mafic and ultramafic rocks in drinking water quality and its potential health risk assessment, Northern Pakistan.
S. Begum (2015)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.037
Human health risk from consumption of two common crops grown in polluted soils.
F. A. Rutigliano (2019)
10.1080/10807039.2014.913445
Health Risk Assessment of Consumption of Heavy Metals in Market Food Crops from Sialkot and Gujranwala Districts, Pakistan
Muhammad Uzair Khan (2015)
10.1080/10807039.2015.1056294
Comparative health risk surveillance of heavy metals via dietary foodstuff consumption in different land-use types of Pakistan
M. U. Khan (2016)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal
Muhammad Umer Khan (2014)
10.1007/s12665-017-6824-1
Potentially toxic elements concentrations and human health risk assessment of food crops in Bajaur Agency, Pakistan
Z. Ullah (2017)
10.2166/wh.2015.011
Arsenic and heavy metals contamination, risk assessment and their source in drinking water of the Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Nida Gul (2015)
10.1007/s10653-017-0007-6
Mercury contamination in selected foodstuffs and potential health risk assessment along the artisanal gold mining, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Arjumand Riaz (2017)
10.1080/10807039.2015.1056292
Heavy metals potential health risk assessment through consumption of wastewater irrigated wild plants: A case study
M. U. Khan (2016)
10.1007/s10653-017-9924-7
Potential ecological risk assessment and predicting zinc accumulation in soils
A. Baran (2017)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar