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Suzuki-Miyaura Cross-coupling Reactions In Aqueous Media: Green And Sustainable Syntheses Of Biaryls.

V. Polshettiwar, A. Decottignies, C. Len, Aziz Fihri
Published 2010 · Chemistry, Medicine

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Carbon-carbon cross-coupling reactions are among the most important processes in organic chemistry, and Suzuki-Miyaura reactions are among the most widely used protocols for the formation of carbon-carbon bonds. These reactions are generally catalyzed by soluble palladium complexes with various ligands. However, the use of toxic organic solvents remains a scientific challenge and an aspect of economical and ecological relevance. This Review will summarize various recently developed significant methods by which the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling was conducted in aqueous media, and analyzes if they are "real green" protocols.
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