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Dopant-Free Zinc Chlorophyll Aggregates As An Efficient Biocompatible Hole Transporter For Perovskite Solar Cells.

Mengzhen Li, Yue Li, Shin-ichi Sasaki, Jiaxing Song, Chen Wang, Hitoshi Tamiaki, Wenjing Tian, Gang Chen, Tsutomu Miyasaka, Xiaofeng Wang
Published 2016 · Chemistry, Medicine
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Chlorophylls (Chls) are abundant, naturally occurring pigments that play key roles in light-harvesting and electron/energy transfer in natural photosynthetic apparatus. To demonstrate the idea that Chls are suitable hole transporters, we employed two Chl derivatives, Chl-1 and Chl-2, which self-assembled readily into π-stacking aggregates through a simple spincasting process, in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The Chl aggregate films exhibit an ultra-smooth film surface, high hole mobility, appropriate energy levels, and efficient hole injection efficiencies that are all key characteristics for efficient hole transporters in PSCs. CH3 NH3 PbI3-x Clx -based PSCs with these Chls as hole transporters were fabricated and compared with P3HT as a standard hole transporter. PSCs based on Chl-1 and Chl-2 without the use of typical additives, such as 4-tert-butylpyridine and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfinyl)imide, gave power conversion efficiencies of 11.44 and 8.06 %, respectively. This research provides a unique way to incorporate low-cost and environmentally friendly natural photosynthetic materials in the development of highly efficient photovoltaic devices.
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