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Risk Stratification Of Salivary Gland Cytology Utilizing The Milan System Of Classification

Deepika Savant, Cao Jin, Karen Chau, Tamla Hagan, Maruf Hossan Chowdhury, Joshua Koppenhafer, Mercedes Kercy, Alice Laser, Cecilia Gimenez, Kasturi Das
Published 2019 · Medicine
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BACKGROUND The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) is based on risk stratification. Our study is a retrospective review of salivary gland fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) with the goal of determining the risk of malignancy (ROM) in each of the categories proposed by the MSRSGC. METHODS FNAC of salivary gland lesions with corresponding surgical resection specimens were retrieved over a 5-year period. Metastatic tumors were excluded. BothFNAC and corresponding surgical resections were reviewed blindly and classified as per criteria published by the MSRSGC. The ROM for each of the diagnostic categories was determined and compared with the ROM published by the MSRSGC. RESULTS The total number of entities and ROM in 199 reviewed cases were as follows: Nondiagnostic 18 (9.2%) (ROM 0%), non-neoplastic 4(2%) (ROM 0%), atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) 12(6%) (ROM 33%), benign neoplasm 118(59.2%) (ROM 0.8%), salivary gland neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential (SUMP) 22(11%) (ROM 40.9%), suspicious for malignancy 3(1.5%) (ROM 100%), malignant 22(11%) (ROM 100%). CONCLUSION The ROM reported in our study was mostly concordant with ROM published by the MSRSGC. This classification is helpful for the management of categories; nondiagnostic, non-neoplastic, benign neoplasm, suspicious for malignancy and malignant. The management is not standardized for the category, salivary gland neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential, as clinical information plays an important role in planning surgical procedures at an individual basis. Further studies will need to be performed using this new classification to help define appropriate management and predict ROM more accurately.
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