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Biomass Briquettes As An Alternative Fuel: A Comprehensive Review

P. Dinesha, Shiva Kumar, Marc A. Rosen
Published 2019 · Environmental Science

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Effectively utilizing agro residues, when abundantly available, can help energy conservation efforts and increase farmers’ incomes. This article highlights the effective utilization of agro and industrial biomass residues in the form of briquettes. The various types of feedstock used and the technologies adopted in the briquetting process are discussed. Process parameters and feedstock variables influencing briquetting are described. Combustion studies undertaken using briquettes are comprehensively detailed. This literature review reveals that the combustion characteristics of briquettes not only depend on the type of the feedstock but also on the density, moisture content, binder percentage, and method used for briquetting. Higher ash content lowers the calorific value. The ash formed during combustion causes slagging and fouling which in turn lead to corrosion. It is concluded that biomass briquettes can meet the energy demands for cooking and heating needs, especially in rural areas where abundant biomass feedstock is available. It is recommended that research focuses more on investigating emissions along with the combustion of briquettes manufactured from different origins.
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