Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

The Occurrence Of Aluminum In Drinking Water

Robert G. Miller, Frederick C. Kopfler, Keith C. Kelty, Judy A. Stober, Nancy S. Ulmer
Published 1984 · Chemistry
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
A random selection of 186 water utilities was used for this study in which raw and finished water samples were collected from each facility five times throughout a year and analyzed for iron and aluminum by atomic absorption techniques. The water samples were categorized by the supply source (ground, surface, or a combination of both), the type of water (raw, finished, or untreated distribution samples), and the type of coagulation used in the treatment process (aluminum sulfate, ferric chloride, other coagulants such as cationic polymers, or no coagulant). The samples were also categorized according to the 10 US Environmental Protection Agency regions and 4 population categories. The results indicate that aluminum is more likely to exist in surface waters than in groundwaters and that there is a 40-50 percent chance that alum coagulation increases the aluminum concentration of finished water above its original concentration in the raw water. Although aluminum is one of the most abundant elements in the earth’s crust and is found in human biological media, it does not appear to be necessary for sustaining life. The results of studies in which animals were exposed to aluminum under controlled conditions have demonstrated a relationship between certain neuropathological disorders and aluminum exposure.‘.’ Recently, evidence has been presented to support the speculation that there is a relationship between aluminum and both Alzheimer’s disease and dialysis encephalopathy in humans?.4 Davison et al5 found that kidney dialysis patients suffered dementia when their dialysis fluid contained an aluminum concentration of 80 pg/L. Removal of the aluminum from the fluid prior to dialysis decreased a patient’s chance of exhibiting the symptoms of dementia. Recent studiese-9 have also shown that the acidification of lakes and streams by acid rain has mobilized aluminum from the soil to the aquatic environment. These elevated levels of aluminum in the water may have serious ramifications for the fish living in these waters as well as for some birds whose diets are made up of insects from the shoreline of the affected streams and lakes.s-9 Because of the increasing concern over the health effects associated with aluminum and the increased bioavailability of aluminum, this study was designed to determine (1) the frequency of the occurrence of aluminum in natural waters that serve as sources of drinking water and (2) whether the source was groundwater or surface water. This study also examined the

This paper is referenced by
Evaluation of removal efficiency of fluoride from aqueous solution using quick lime.
Mahamudur Islam (2007)
The Effect of Moringa olifera on Some Physical and Chemical Parameters of Water and Wastewater
Alaa Adnan Obayes (2019)
Effects of humic acid on residual Al control in drinking water treatment plants with orthophosphate addition
Wendong Wang (2012)
Use of Tannin based natural coagulants for water treatment: An alternative to inorganic chemicals
Sunita Singh Thakur (2014)
A Kinetic Investigation of the Pulverized Okra Pod Induced Coag-Flocculation in Treatment of Paint Wastewater
B. I. Okolo (2015)
Ubiquitous aluminium contamination in water and amyloid hybrid membranes as a sustainable possible solution.
Mohammad Peydayesh (2019)
Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses.
Farooq Anwar (2007)
Characterisation and concentration profile of aluminium during drinking-water treatment
P. T. Srinivasan (2002)
Investigating the residual aluminum elimination from conventional and enhanced coagulation by phosphate compounds in wastewater treatment process
Shilpi Agarwal (2016)
Use of grape seed and its natural polyphenol extracts as a natural organic coagulant for removal of cationic dyes.
Jong-Rok Jeon (2009)
Md. Masihur Rahman (2007)
Spatial variations of aluminum species in drinking water supplies in Xi'an studied applying geographic information system.
Wendong Wang (2010)
Aluminum and Alzheimer's disease: after a century of controversy, is there a plausible link?
Lucija Tomljenovic (2011)
Estudio Comparativo de Sulfato de Aluminio y Semillas de Moringa oleifera para la Depuración de Aguas con Baja Turbiedad
Patrícia G.S Lédo (2009)
Aluminum and Alzheimer's Disease: Should We Worry?
Robert A Yokel (1988)
Improving filtrate quality using agrobased materials as coagulant aid
Pramod Kumar Raghuwanshi (2002)
Aluminum induced bone and joint disease overview and current perspective
Jeno Sebes (2003)
Total allowable concentrations of monomeric inorganic aluminum and hydrated aluminum silicates in drinking water
Calvin C. Willhite (2012)
Synergy Between Moringa oleifera Seed Powder And Alum In The Purification of Domestic Water
M. B. Dalen (2010)
Use of moringa oleifera seed extracts as alternative natural material for water purification
Effects of advanced oxidation pretreatment on residual aluminum control in high humic acid water purification.
Wendong Wang (2011)
Comparative Study of Moringa Oleifera and Citrus Paradisi as Disinfectants and Coagulants for Water Treatment
Habibu Uthman (2018)
Effect of Silymarin on Plasma Membrane and Acrosome of Sperm Treated with Aluminum Chloride
Hamid Reza Momeni (2015)
Water Remediation
Bhattacharya (2018)
Geographical associations between aluminium in drinking water and death rates with dementia (including Alzheimer's disease), Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Norway
T P Flaten (1990)
Moringa seed and pumice as alternative natural materials for drinking water treatment
Kebreab Ghebremichael (2004)
Single-step ion exchange purification of the coagulant protein from Moringa oleifera seed
Kebreab Ghebremichael (2005)
Decolorization of reactive dye Remazol Brilliant Blue R by zirconium oxychloride as a novel coagulant: optimization through response surface methodology.
Sonalika Sonal (2018)
Ecofriendly Decolorization of Textile Wastewater using Natural Coagulants
Khanittha Charoenlarp (2015)
Functionalized cellulose to remove surfactants from cosmetic products in wastewater.
Sehui Kim (2020)
Emission of iron and aluminum oxide particles from ultrasonic humidifiers and potential for inhalation.
Wenchuo Yao (2019)
Submicron capsules extracted from rapeseed as novel flocculant agents for the treatment of turbid water.
Bianca Tassinari (2013)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar