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Review: Cell Dynamics In Malignant Pleural Effusions

E. Giarnieri, G. Bellipanni, M. Macaluso, R. Mancini, Adam Carl Holstein, C. Milanese, M. Giovagnoli, A. Giordano, G. Russo
Published 2015 · Medicine

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Malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) are a common manifestation found in patients with lung cancer. After cytological and histological confirmation of malignancy, talc pleurodesis still remains the treatment of choice in patients with MPEs resistant to chemotherapy. Despite this, primary challenges include reduced quality of life and life expectancy in general. Therefore, a better understanding of the cell biology of MPEs, along with improvements in treatment is greatly needed. It has recently been demonstrated that MPEs may represent an excellent source for identification of molecular mechanisms within the tumor and its environment. The present review summarizes the current understanding of MPEs cells and tumor microenvironment, and particularly focuses on dissecting the cross‐talk between MPEs and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), inflammation and cancer stem cells. J. Cell. Physiol. 230: 272–277, 2015. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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