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Characteristics Of Regional Bone Quality In Cervical Vertebrae Considering BMD: Determining A Safe Trajectory For Cervical Pedicle Screw Fixation

Moonkyu Kim, Ho-Jung Cho, Dai-Soon Kwak, Seung-Hoon You
Published 2018 · Medicine

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This study aimed to report the mechanical strength and characteristics of the lateral mass and pedicle considering BMD for the safe insertion of pedicle screws in the subaxial cervical level. We evaluated BMD and Hounsfield unit (HU) values of cortical bones at the lateral mass and pedicle of C3‐7 from CT images in 99 patients. Patients were divided into three groups (Group A, T‐score ≥ −1; Group B, −2.5 < T‐score < −1.0; Group C, T‐score ≤ −2.5). The HU numbers of cortical bone in the vertebral canal (medial wall of the lateral mass; cHU), posterior wall of the transverse foramen (fHU), and medial wall, lateral wall, and trabecular area of the pedicle (mHU, lHU, and pHU, respectively) were measured on the CT images in the middle of the pedicle. A mechanical study was also performed to measure cortical bone strength using 10 fresh cadavers. The cHU and mHU values in Group C were higher than lHU and fHU in Groups A and B, and there was a wide gap between the pHU value and other areas. The penetrating force also had a close correlation with HU number. The mean penetrating force of the medial wall of the lateral mass and the posterior wall of the transverse foramen were 210.08 ± 110.46 and 50.51 ± 46.09 N, respectively. The cortical bones in the vertebral canal and medial wall of the pedicle were stronger than the lateral wall and the trabecular area. The cHU and mHU in the osteoporotic group were higher than fHU and pHU in the normal group. © 2017 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 36:217–223, 2018.
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