Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

High Intensity Focused Electromagnetic Therapy Evaluated By Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Safety And Efficacy Study Of A Dual Tissue Effect Based Non‐invasive Abdominal Body Shaping

B. Kinney, P. Lozanova
Published 2019 · Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Objectives This study introduces an initial evaluation of a novel High‐Intensity Focused Electromagnetic (HIFEM) technology. The primary goal is to quantify any effects the treatments may have on abdominal tissues, as well as to establish hypotheses for future research of this technology. Methods Twenty‐two patients received four abdominal treatments using the EMSCULPT device (BTL Industries Inc., Boston, MA). Anthropometric evaluations were recorded and digital photographs were taken at baseline, at 2 months, and at 6 months post‐treatments. The MRI without contrast determined by vertertebras T12 and S1 (FIESTA and FSPRG sequences) was used to measure dimensions in coronal cross‐sectional images of abdominal muscle and fatty tissues, in order to assess any anatomical changes induced by the application. Results Analysis of the same MRI slices verified by tissue artefacts showed a statistically significant (all P < 0.0001) average 18.6% reduction of adipose tissue thickness, 15.4% increase in rectus abdominis muscle thickness, and 10.4% reduction in rectus abdominus separation (diastasis recti) as measured from the medial border of the muscle 2 months post‐treatment. More significant improvements were observed in patients with BMI 18.5–24.9 (classified as “normal”). MRI data from 6‐month follow‐up suggest the changes can be preserved in longer term. Tape measurements showed on average 3.8 cm subumbilical circumference reduction. The weight of the subjects did not change significantly (average −0.5 lb; P > 0.05). No adverse events were reported. Conclusions MRI, considered as a highly precise diagnostic method, revealed simultaneous muscle growth, fat reduction and reduced abdominal separation at 2 months and at 6 months post treatments, unrelated with dieting. Further research should investigate the exact physiological processes which stand behind the tissue changes observed in this study. Lasers Surg. Med. 51:40–46, 2019. © 2018 The Authors. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This paper references
Muscle hypertrophy response to resistance training in older women.
S. Charette (1991)
Are blood flow and lipolysis in subcutaneous adipose tissue influenced by contractions in adjacent muscles in humans?
B. Stallknecht (2007)
Magnetic Stimulation of the Quadriceps Femoris Muscle: Comparison of Pain with Electrical Stimulation
T. Han (2006)
Palmitic and linoleic acids induce ER stress and apoptosis in hepatoma cells
Yong Zhang (2011)
Palmitate modulates intracellular signaling, induces endoplasmic reticulum stress, and causes apoptosis in mouse 3T3-L1 and rat primary preadipocytes.
W. Guo (2007)
Cortical excitability and neurology: insights into the pathophysiology.
R. Badawy (2012)
Saturated Fatty Acid-induced Apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 Breast Cancer Cells
S. Hardy (2003)
Extracorporeal magnetic innervation therapy for stress urinary incontinence.
N. Galloway (1999)
The rehabilitation of gait in patients with hemiplegia: a comparison between conventional therapy and multichannel functional electrical stimulation therapy.
U. Bogataj (1995)
Pelvic Static Magnetic Stimulation to Control Urinary Incontinence in Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial
M. Wallis (2012)
Cortical threshold and excitability measurements
U. Ziemann (2004)
Peripheral Electrical and Magnetic Stimulation to Augment Resistance Training
Jawad F. Abulhasan (2016)
Early skeletal muscle hypertrophy and architectural changes in response to high-intensity resistance training.
O. Seynnes (2007)
Muscular strength development by electrical stimulation in healthy individuals.
D. Currier (1983)
Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research
S. Rossi (2009)
Effects of exercise on diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscle in the antenatal and postnatal periods: a systematic review.
D. Benjamin (2014)
Contrasts in muscle and myofibers of elite male and female bodybuilders.
S. Alway (1989)
Noninvasive Body Contouring: Literature Review and Summary of Objective Data
D. Bernstein (2017)
Muscular function in exercise and training : 3rd International Symposium on Biological Sciences in Sport, Nice, October 31-November 3, 1986
P. Marconnet (1987)
Free fatty acids induce ER stress and block antiviral activity of interferon alpha against hepatitis C virus in cell culture
F. Gunduz (2011)
What are the guidelines for percentage of body fat loss
ND Muth (2009)
Excitability changes induced in the human motor cortex by weak transcranial direct current stimulation.
M. Nitsche (2000)
A comparison of functional electrical and magnetic stimulation for propelled cycling of paretic patients.
J. Szécsi (2009)
The mechanisms of muscle hypertrophy and their application to resistance training.
B. Schoenfeld (2010)
A cimovi c R, Male zi c M. The rehabilitationofgait inpatientswithhemiplegia:Acomparison between conventional therapy and multichannel functional electrical stimulation therapy
U Bogataj (1995)
Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank Statistics.

This paper is referenced by
Science and peace.
Kristen M Kelly (2019)
Safety and Efficacy of a Non‐Invasive High‐Intensity Focused Electromagnetic Field (HIFEM) Device for Treatment of Urinary Incontinence and Enhancement of Quality of Life
Julene B. Samuels (2019)
Intended Human Exposure to Non-ionizing Radiation for Cosmetic Purposes
MRI and CT Assessment of Abdominal Tissue Composition in Patients After High-Intensity Focused Electromagnetic Therapy Treatments: One-Year Follow-Up.
Brian M Kinney (2020)
Noninvasive Induction of Muscle Fiber Hypertrophy and Hyperplasia: Effects of High-Intensity Focused Electromagnetic Field Evaluated in an In-Vivo Porcine Model: A Pilot Study
Diane Irvine Duncan (2019)
Review of non‐invasive body contouring devices for fat reduction, skin tightening and muscle definition
Daniel Mazzoni (2019)
Clinical Study Demonstrates that Electromagnetic Muscle Stimulation Does Not Cause Injury to Fat Cells.
Christopher B Zachary (2020)
Mechanism of nonthermal induction of apoptosis by high‐intensity focused electromagnetic procedure: Biochemical investigation in a porcine model
Yael Halaas (2020)
Body shaping with high-intensity focused electromagnetic technology
Klaus Karl Phillip Hoffmann (2020)
Commentary on: Noninvasive Induction of Muscle Fiber Hypertrophy and Hyperplasia: Effects of High-Intensity Focused Electromagnetic Field Evaluated in an In-Vivo Porcine Model: A Pilot Study.
Jill Cook (2020)
Nicht invasive Verfahren zur Lipolyse
Jennifer Quist (2018)
High-Intensity Focused Electromagnetic (HIFEM) Field Therapy Used for Non- Invasive Buttock Augmentation and Lifting: Feasibility Study
Mariano Busso (2019)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar