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Modelling Damping Sources In Monopile‐supported Offshore Wind Turbines

Chao Chen, P. Duffour
Published 2018 · Engineering

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Vibration damping in offshore wind turbines is a key parameter to predict reliably the dynamic response and fatigue life of these systems. Damping in an offshore wind turbine originates from different sources, mainly, aerodynamic, structural, hydrodynamic, and soil dampings. The difficulties in identifying the individual contribution from each damping source have led to considerable uncertainty and variation in the values recommended. This paper proposes simplified but direct modelling approaches to quantify the damping contributions from the aerodynamic, hydrodynamic, and soil interactions. Results from these models were systemically compared to published values and when appropriate with simulation results from the software package FAST. The range of values obtained for aerodynamic damping confirmed those available in the literature, and blade element modelling theory was shown to provide good results relatively efficiently. The influence of couplings between fore‐aft and side‐side directions on the aerodynamic damping contribution was highlighted. The modelling of hydrodynamic damping showed that this damping is much smaller than usually recommended and could be safely ignored for offshore wind turbines. Soil damping strongly depends on the soil specific nonlinear behaviour.
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