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Intestinal Stomas: Historical Overview

J. Wu
Published 2012 · Medicine

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The word “stoma” is derived from the Greek, stomat, for mouth. Gastrointestinal stomas are artificial connections of the gut to the skin. Reports of colostomies designed to relieve obstruction appear in the eighteenth century. Small intestinal stomas are associated most closely with the twentieth century operations designed to treat inflammatory bowel, urologic, pediatric, and hepatobiliary conditions. Ostomies of the stomach were introduced to decompress the gut or to instill nutrition. This chapter recognizes contributions of pioneers from many disciplines whose work improved the lives of gastrointestinal stoma patients.
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