Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Referencing for people who value simplicity, privacy, and speed.
Get Citationsy
← Back to Search

Surgery Of Female Incontinence

Mrcog Stuart L. Stanton FRCS, E. Tanagho
Published 1986 · Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
1 The Mechanism of Continence.- Embryology of the Lower Urinary Tract.- Development of the Embryonic Plate.- Formation of the Cloaca.- Partitioning of the Cloaca.- Development of Nephrogenic Mesoderm.- Formation of the Bladder, Urethra and Trigone.- Epithelium of the Bladder Base and Urethra.- Anatomy of the Lower Urinary Tract.- The Bladder.- The Urethra.- Pubourethral Ligaments.- Neurological Control of Micturition.- Innervation of the Detrusor.- Innervation of Urethral Smooth Muscle.- Innervation of Striated Muscle.- Central Nervous Connections of the Lower Urinary Tract.- Physiology of the Lower Urinary Tract.- The Behaviour of the Bladder.- The Urethra.- The Normal Micturition Cycle.- Pathophysiology of Urinary Incontinence.- General Considerations.- Genuine Stress Incontinence.- The Effects of Incontinence Surgery on Urethral Function.- Conclusions.- 2 Investigation of Incontinence.- Classification of Incontinence.- Adverse Factors.- Indications for Urodynamic Studies.- Clinical Assessment.- History.- Examination.- Investigations.- Urethrocystoscopy.- Uroflowmetry.- Urethral Function Tests.- Cystometry.- Radiology.- Electromyography.- Ultrasound.- Perineal Pad Test.- The Future.- 3 Congenital Causes of Incontinence.- Assessment of the Wet Girl.- General.- History Taking.- Physical Examination.- Investigations.- Ureteric Ectopia.- Embryology.- Duplex System Ureteric Ectopia.- Single System Ureteric Ectopia.- Urogenital Sinus Abnormalities.- Vaginal Atresia and Wide Urethra.- Vaginal Confluence with Wide Bladder Neck.- Cloaca.- Exstrophic Anomalies.- Embryology.- Bladder Exstrophy.- Epispadias.- Cloacal Exstrophy.- Congenital Neuropathic Bladder.- Presentations.- Classification and Pathophysiology.- Investigation.- Management.- 4 Anterior Repair.- Pre-operative Evaluation.- Patient Selection.- Contraindications.- Pre-operative Preparation.- Operative Technique.- Post-operative Management.- Care.- Complications.- Follow-up Assessment.- Results.- Mechanism of Failure.- 5 The Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz Procedure.- Indications and Contraindications.- Pre-operative Evaluation.- Operative Technique.- Post-operative Management.- Complications.- Follow-up Assessment.- Results.- Summary.- 6 Colposuspension.- Terminology.- Indications and Contraindications.- Pre-operative Evaluation.- Pre-operative Preparation.- Operative Technique.- Post-operative Management.- Complications.- Follow-up Assessment.- Results.- Causes of Failure.- 7 Sling Procedures.- Indications.- Classification.- Pre-operative Evaluation.- Operative Technique.- Inguinovaginal Fasciai Sling.- Dural and Alloplastic Sling.- Post-operative Management.- Complications.- Follow-up Assessment.- Results.- Summary.- 8 Endoscopic Suspension of the Vesical Neck.- Indications and Contraindications.- Pre-operative Evaluation.- Operative Technique.- Abdominal Incision.- Vaginal Incision.- Stamey Needles.- Use of Endoscopy.- The New Pereyra-Lebherz Suspension.- Post-operative Management.- Care.- Complications.- Follow-up Assessment.- Results.- Summary.- 9 Abdominoperineal Urethral Suspension: The Zacharin Procedure.- Indications and Contraindications.- Pre-operative Investigations and Preparation.- Operative Technique.- Post-operative Management.- Complications.- Follow-up Assessment.- Results.- Mechanism of Failure.- Conclusions.- 10 Neourethra: Rationale, Surgical Technique and Indications.- Anatomical Considerations and Rationale for Operation.- Indications.- Pre-operative Evaluation.- Operative Technique.- Tanagho Technique (Anterior Bladder Flap).- Leadbetter Technique (Trigonal Tube).- Post-operative Management.- Complications.- Case Examples.- Results.- Mechanism of Failure.- Summary.- 11 Artificial Sphincter.- Developmental History.- The First Model, AS 721.- Sphincter with Pressure-Regulation Balloon, AS 761.- Automatic Reflation Sphincter AS 742.- Automatic Reflation Sphincter AS 791/792.- Model AS 800 Controlled Activation and Deactivation.- Indications.- Pre-operative Evaluation.- Selection of Model.- Operative Technique.- Aseptic Technique.- Patient Position.- Instrumentation.- Surgical Procedure.- Selection of Cuff Size.- Cuff Implantation.- Selection of Balloon Pressure Reservoir.- Post-operative Management.- Results and Discussion.- Summary.- 12 Urinary Diversion.- Classification of Patients.- Choice of Diversion.- Ileal Loop.- Pre-operative Management.- Technique.- Post-operative.- Ureterocolic Anastomosis.- Pre-operative Management.- Technique.- Post-operative.- Continent Heal Pouch.- 13 Urethrotomy.- Methods of Investigation.- Techniques.- Urethral Dilatation.- Internal Urethrotomy.- Bladder Neck Procedures.- Alternative Techniques.- Bladder Drainage.- Conclusions.- 14 The Management of Vesicovaginal and Urethral Fistulae.- Aetiological Groups.- Obstetric.- Surgical Trauma.- Pelvic Malignancy.- Clinical Presentation.- Pre-operative Care.- Early Management.- Associated Conditions.- Concurrent Rectovaginal Fistulae.- Local Assessment.- Surgical Repair.- General.- Vaginal Route.- Abdominal Route.- Post-operative Management.- Complications.- Results.- Management of Failure.- 15 Ureterovaginal Fistulae.- Operative Injuries.- Obstetric Laceration.- Invasion by Growth.- Time of Occurrence.- Early.- Intermediate.- Late.- Recognition of Fistula.- Confirmation of Urinary Leakage.- Confirmation of Ureteric Fistula.- Spontaneous Closure of Fistulae.- Timing of Operative Intervention.- Pre-operative Investigation and Preparation.- Identification of the Side of the Fistula.- Recognition of Level.- Operative Procedures.- Objectives.- Exploratory Laparotomy.- Selection of Procedure.- Direct Reimplantation.- Indirect Reimplantation.- Bilateral Ureteric Injuries.- Primary Nephrectomy.- Urinary Diversion.- Post-operative Complications.- Leakage.- Stenosis.- Urinary Infection.- Reflux.- Late Recurrence of Ureterovaginal Fistula.- Summary.- 16 Pharmacology of the Bladder and Urethra.- Pharmacology of the Lower Urinary Tract.- Principles of Pharmacological Therapy.- Specific Methods of Pharmacological Therapy.- Therapy to Facilitate Bladder Emptying.- Therapy to Facilitate Urine Storage.- Effect of Tricyclic Antidepressants.- Effects of Other Pharmacological Agents.- 17 Electrostimulation.- Sacral Root Stimulation.- Background.- Animal Studies.- Human Studies.- Electrode Implantation.- Pre-operative Evaluation.- Method.- Accomplishments from Human Implantations.- Other Applications of Percutaneous Sacral Root Implantation.- Summary.- 18 Post-operative Voiding Dysfunction.- Pathophysiology.- Problems of Inhibition-the Large Bladder.- Problems of Facilitation-the Unstable Bladder.- Surgical Causes.- Prevention.- Treatment.- Long-term Management.- 19 Post-operative Catheter Drainage.- Indications.- Suprapubic Versus Urethral Drainage.- Technique.- Urethral.- Suprapubic.- Conclusion.- 20 Choice of Surgery.- I.- Coexistent Gynaecological Conditions.- Urodynamic Contraindications.- Urodynamic Factors.- Bladder Neck Elevation.- Urethral Alignment.- Urethral Resistance.- Choice of Surgery.- II.- Differential Diagnosis.- Treatment.- Problems in Management.

This paper is referenced by
Recurrent urinary stress incontinence: evaluation and therapy
L. Shortliffe (1986)
Conservative surgical management of Mersilene mesh suburethral sling erosion.
D. Myers (1998)
Enuresis - Background and Treatment
T. Nevéus (2000)
Fibrin Glue in Gynecologic Surgery
P. S. Anastasio (1994)
Impaired Voiding Efficiency and Urinary Retention after Laparoscopic Ventrosuspension Ad Modum Steptoe
G. Lose (1984)
Laparoscopic suburethral sling procedure.
J. Phelps (2003)
Laparoscopic treatment of urinary incontinence.
R. Kung (2004)
Safety and efficacy of non-absorbable mesh in contemporary gynaecological surgery
M. Izett (2018)
Urinary incontinence in women: have we anything new to offer?
L. Cardozo (1991)
Endoscopic injections of Teflon to treat urinary incontinence in women.
C. Schulman (1984)
Incontinencia urinaria femenina
A. L. Morán (1988)
Experimental evaluation of free versus pedicled fascial flaps for sling surgery of urinary stress incontinence.
E. Fokaefs (1997)
The Relationships of the Vestibular Bulb and Corpora Cavernosa to the Female Urethra: A Microanatomic Study Part 2
M. Baggish (1999)
P. Petros (1990)
The Bladder Neck Sling: What Role Remains?
D. Pushkar (2012)
Obesity and lower urinary tract function in women: effect of surgically induced weight loss.
R. Bump (1992)
Mechanisms of female urinary continence under stress: frequency spectrum analysis.
K. Kim (2001)
Klinischer Wert urodynamischer Untersuchungen
P. Abrams (1987)
Thoracic kyphosis and the Prevalence of Advanced Uterine Prolapse
L. Lind (1996)
Colposuspension for the Treatment of Female Urinary Incontinence
A. Korda (1989)
Laparoscopic Access for Female Urinary Incontinence
E. Zupi (2003)
Stress incontinence: A new endoscopicapproach
E. S. D. Badajoz (1990)
Lageveränderungen des Genitales
K. Knörr (1989)
Radiopaque Hemocompatible Ruminant-Sourced Gut Material with Antimicrobial Physiognomies for Biomedical Applications in Diabetics
N. K. Francis (2017)
Spasticity of the Lower Urinary Tract: Therapeutic Strategies
E. Möbius (1993)
Are there any predictors for failed Burch colposuspension?
Mou-Jong Sun (2006)
Quality of life after a Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz procedure for stress urinary incontinence.
I. Zorzos (1996)
Postoperative erosions of the Mersilene® suburethral sling mesh for antiincontinence surgery
K. Wohlrab (2008)
The Intravaginal Slingplasty Operation, a Minimally Invasive Technique for Cure of Urinary Incontinence in the Female
P. Petros (1996)
Urodynamic and rectomanometric findings in urinary incontinence.
J. Pannek (1996)
Fascial sling for the management of urinary incontinence due to sphincter incompetence.
H. Kakizaki (1995)
Retrograde Untersuchung des Harntraktes
J. W. Thueroff (1992)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar