Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Organochlorine Pesticides And Polychlorinated Biphenyls In Foodstuffs From Asian And Oceanic Countries.

K. Kannan, S. Tanabe, J. Giesy, R. Tatsukawa
Published 1997 · Chemistry, Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Public concern about the adverse environmental and human health impacts of organochlorine contaminants led to strict regulations on their use in developed nations two decades ago. Nevertheless, DDT and several other organochlorine insecticides are still being used for agriculture and public health programs in developing countries in Asia and the South Pacific. As a consequence, humans in this region are exposed to greater dietary levels of organochlorines. In this review, published information on organochlorine concentrations in foodstuffs from South and Southeast Asia and Oceanic countries has been compiled. Foodstuffs that contribute to human exposures and dietary intakes of organochlorines were examined, and the data compared with those reported from more developed nations. Among various developing countries in Asia, considerable information on organochlorines in foodstuffs has been available from India since the late 1960s. DDT and HCH were the major insecticides in Indian foodstuffs. Concentrations of these insecticides have declined more than two orders of magnitude in farm products, such as food grains and vegetables, in two decades. Milk and milk products are the major sources of dietary exposure to DDT and HCH in India. The residues of these insecticides in dairy products were close to or above the MRLs of the FAO/WHO. Dietary intake of DDT and HCH by Indians was > 100 fold that in more developed nations. Sporadic incidences of greater concentrations (> 1 microgram/g) of aldrin, dieldrin, and heptachlor have been measured in Indian vegetables. Untreated surface waters could be a potential source of DDT and HCH exposure. In most Southeast Asian countries DDT was the common contaminant in animal origin foodstuffs. The higher percentage of p,p'-DDT in meat and fish from Southeast Asian countries, except Japan and Korea, indicated the recent use of DDt in vector control operations. Dietary intakes of DDt and HCH in Southeast Asia were an order of magnitude less than those of Indians but 5- to 10 fold greater than in more developed nations. In addition to DDT, aldrin and dieldrin were prominent in meat collected from Thailand and Malaysia. Aquatic food products from more industrialized countries, such as Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, contained significant levels of PCBs. In South Pacific countries, particularly in Australia and New Zealand, chlordanes and PCBs were the most prevalent organochlorines in foodstuffs. Food contamination by DDT, HCH, aldrin, and dieldrin was less than in developing countries in Asia but greater than in the U.S. and Japan. Intake of PCBs in Australia was greater than in the U.S. Meat and fish were the major sources of organochlorine exposure by Australians. Human dietary intake of organochlorines has been declining more slowly in developing countries in Asia. Current intakes were at least 5- to 100 fold greater than those in more developed nations, suggesting a greater risk from organochlorine exposure. Factors such as malnutrition, common among rural poor in developing nations, can increase these risks. Of greatest concern is the magnitude of exposure to organochlorines to which infants and children are subjected through human and dairy milk. The estimated intake of DDT by infants was at least 100 fold greater than the ADI of the FAO/WHO. In addition to DDT, excessive exposures to HCH and dieldrin may cause potential health effects in infants because they are more vulnerable to toxic effects. The design and implementation of appropriate epidemiological studies and their integration with monitoring of human, food, and environmental samples would be a major step in assessing the risks of organochlorine residues in foods and controlling or eliminating them. With the continued globalization of trade in food products, and the concomitant risk that food contaminated through point-source pollution may be widely distributed, identification of sources and their control should be matters of



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/B978-0-12-374484-5.00018-3
PCBs, Dioxins and Furans: Human Exposure and Health Effects
B. Loganathan (2009)
Pollution of hazardous chemicals in the coastal marine environment and their ecological effect ( Project-4 )
K. Inoue (2011)
Inventarisatie problematiek residuen van bestrijdingsmiddelen in dierlijke producten
D. G. Kloet (2002)
Degradation of Pesticides in Groundwater by Advanced Oxidation Processes
A. Verma (2014)
10.1289/ehp.1002542
Assessment of Nonoccupational Exposure to DDT in the Tropics and the North: Relevance of Uptake via Inhalation from Indoor Residual Spraying
Roland Ritter (2011)
10.1007/s10661-016-5595-6
Occurrence, distribution, and dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls and health risk assessment in Selangor River basin
N. Sakai (2016)
10.1016/J.SCITOTENV.2004.12.069
Organochlorines (PCBs and pesticides) in the bivalves Anadara (Senilis) senilis, Crassostrea tulipa and Perna perna from the lagoons of Ghana.
F. A. Otchere (2005)
10.1016/j.envint.2008.09.014
Persistent organic pollutant residues in the sediments and mollusks from the Bohai Sea coastal areas, North China: an overview.
P. Zhang (2009)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.404
Body burden of organohalogenated pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Romanian population: Influence of age, gender, body mass index, and habitat.
Octavio P. Luzardo (2019)
10.1021/ES050493D
Organochlorine contaminants in human adipose tissues from China: mass balance approach for estimating historical Chinese exposure to DDTs.
H. Nakata (2005)
10.1016/j.ijheh.2008.04.005
Human internal and external exposure to PBDEs--a review of levels and sources.
M. Frederiksen (2009)
10.1080/10934529.2012.672068
The occurrence and dynamics of polychlorinated hydrocarbons in brown hare (Lepus europaeus) in south-western Slovakia
Jaroslav Slamečka (2012)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.02.022
Abiotic reduction of trifluralin and pendimethalin by sulfides in black-carbon-amended coastal sediments.
Wenwen Gong (2016)
10.1016/S0025-326X(01)00279-X
Geographical distribution and accumulation features of organochlorine residues in bivalves from coastal areas of South Korea.
S. Kim (2002)
10.1016/S0269-7491(03)00074-5
Accumulation features of persistent organochlorines in resident and migratory birds from Asia.
T. Kunisue (2003)
10.1289/ehp.02110s6901
Overview of human health and chemical mixtures: problems facing developing countries.
Leticia Yáñ ez (2002)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.02.068
An assessment of sources and pathways of human exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the United States.
Boris Johnson-Restrepo (2009)
10.5580/2836
Phylogenetic Investigation Of Lin Genes Involved In Degradation Of Hexachlorocyclohexane (Hch)
Pallavi Somvanshi (2007)
10.2427/5902
Risk assessment and emerging chemicals hazards in foods
U. Moscato (2012)
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in Breast milk in Hong Kong-Review
Qi Shi-hua (2011)
10.1016/B978-0-12-800159-2.00019-1
PCBs, Dioxins and Furans
Bommanna G. Loganathan (2015)
10.1007/s10552-004-7845-0
Risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma associated with occupational exposure to solvents, metals, organic dusts and PCBs (Australia)
L. Fritschi (2004)
10.3750/AIP2010.40.1.01
DISTRIBUTION OF ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING PESTICIDES IN WATER AND FISH FROM THE ODER RIVER, POLAND
Agnieszka Tomza-Marciniak (2010)
10.1201/9781420061888_ch129
Toxicological profile for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
O. Faroon (2000)
10.1002/9781119281269.CH2
Urban Agriculture: Environmental, Economic, and Social Perspectives
S. Hallett (2016)
10.1111/RAQ.12287
Sustainable alternatives to dietary fish oil in tropical fish aquaculture
R. Alhazzaa (2019)
10.1016/j.envint.2008.07.003
Human exposure to PCDDs, PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs associated with seafood consumption in Korea from 2005 to 2007.
Hyo-Bang Moon (2009)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.11.010
Recent history of persistent organic pollutants (PAHs, PCBs, PBDEs) in sediments from a large tropical lake.
J. F. Ontiveros-Cuadras (2019)
10.1016/S1001-0742(10)60554-2
Environmental pollution by persistent toxic substances and health risk in an industrial area of China.
J. Li (2011)
10.1007/S00244-004-0085-1
Levels of Persistent Organochlorine Contaminants in Fish from Korea and Their Potential Health Risk
U. H. Yim (2005)
10.1007/s13197-011-0499-5
Effect of handling and processing on pesticide residues in food- a review
U. Bajwa (2011)
10.1002/ETC.5620180725
Bioaccumulation profiles of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and organochlorine pesticides in Ganges river dolphins
K. Senthilkumar (1999)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar