Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

The Experience, Expression, And Control Of Anger

C. Spielberger, S. Krasner, E. Solomon
Published 1988 · Psychology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
In this chapter, Spielberger, Krasner, and Solomon concentrate upon the sensation that is called anger, hostility, or aggression. They liken anger to a state emotion and hostility to a trait, whereas the label aggression is reserved for the behavioral expression of the first two. They refer to the structure of these three concepts as the AHA! Syndrome. The chapter begins with a thorough review of the history of the relationship between anger and psychosomatics. Also featured is a discussion of the role of anger in the Type A behavior pattern and on the nature of anger itself. Following a brief review of the history of attempts to measure hostility and anger, we are introduced to the State-Trait Anger Scale (STAS) developed by Spielberger and his colleagues. The authors then provide an in-depth review of research and thinking on the nature of the expression of anger; that is, whether it is directed inward (suppressed) or outward (expressed). The nature and meaning of the control of anger is also reviewed. We are presented with the principal psychometric data related to the development of the Anger Expression Scale (AX), which measures anger-in, anger-out, and anger-control. In concluding, the authors explain the need for scales such as the STAS and AX and describe their usefulness in individual difference and health research.

This paper is referenced by
Cancer, personality and stress: Prediction and prevention
H. Eysenck (1994)
Amanda Venta (2012)
Sex differences in anger expression, depressed mood, and aggression in children and adolescents
D. L. Clay (2005)
Trait anger and anger attacks in relation to depressive and anxiety disorders.
Nienke J. de Bles (2019)
The relationship between racial identity attitudes and the experience and expression of anger
Kirsten Cristinziani (2004)
The psychological interpretationof clinical pathology in pregnancy:a continuity hypothesis
J. Justo (2002)
Clinical Implications of a Reduction in Psychological Distress on Cardiac Prognosis in Patients Participating in a Psychosocial Intervention Program
S. Cossette (2001)
Anger Suppression and Rumination Sequentially Mediates the Effect of Emotional Labor in Korean Nurses
Ji Eun Kim (2019)
Expression of Anger and Alexithymia in Patients with Psychogenic Excoriation: A Preliminary Report
C. Çalikuşu (2002)
Expected consequences of anger‐related behaviours
H. V. Coillie (2006)
Anger and Interpersonal Relationships: Social Life in Adolescence
M. Aslam (2017)
The Relationships among Anger Expression, Interpersonal Relationship, and Depression in Nursing Students
B. H. Sun (2020)
Psychological and Psychiatric Triggers and Risk Factors for Stroke
Vincent Guiraud (2013)
It happened, or you thought it happened? Examining the perception of workplace incivility based on personality characteristics.
Michael T. Sliter (2015)
Hostility, Anger Control, and Anger Expression as Predictors of Cardiovascular Disease
A. Haukkala (2010)
Testing a Need Satisfaction Approach to Organizational Citizenship Behaviours and Counterproductive Work Behaviours
Amir Reza Talaei Pashiri (2016)
The Influence of Self-esteem, Trait anger, Depression, Family Function, and Interpersonal Relations on Existential Spiritual Well-being in Patients with Alcohol Dependence
Hyun Ok Jung (2015)
Prediction of Anger Expression of Individuals with Psychiatric Disorders using the Developed Computational Codes based on the Various Soft Computing Algorithms.
Maryam Moghadasin (2019)
24 Occupational Health Psychology
Marilyn Macik-Frey (2012)
Multiple Faces of Anger: Managements’ Valuable Perceptions and Reactions Based on Real Work Life Experiences
R. Rajeswari (2018)
The Effects of Psychological Environment Warmth and Irrational Beliefs on Middle School Students' Anger Expression Styles
Taeeun Kim (2016)
Psychiatric Diagnosis and Violence: Description and Mechanisms
Mark R. Serper (2017)
Pain intensity influences the relationship between anger management style and depression
A. -M. Estlander (2008)
Neuropsychological Correlates of Anger, Hostility, and Relationship-Relevant Distortions in Thinking among Partner Violent Men
John Persampiere (2014)
Disentangling emotion processes in borderline personality disorder: physiological and self-reported assessment of biological vulnerability, baseline intensity, and reactivity to emotionally evocative stimuli.
Janice R. Kuo (2009)
Trait Anger, Anger Expression, and Ambulatory Blood Pressure: A Meta-Analytic Review
Jennifer L Schum (2004)
Relationships Between Hostility, Anger Expression, and Blood Pressure Dipping in an Ethnically Diverse Sample
Kamala S. Thomas (2004)
Ansiedad, angustia y estrés: tres conceptosa diferenciar
J. Sierra (2003)
Depression, self-esteem and anger expression patterns of Korean nursing students.
N. Cha (2014)
The development of a situational anger expression scale for junior high school students
Ayumi Tannaka (2008)
Comparison of non-suicidal self-injurious behavior and suicide attempts in patients admitted to a psychiatric crisis unit
L. Claes (2010)
The author hereby certifies that the use of any copyrighted material in the thesis manuscript entitled:
Carolyn Phan Kao (2003)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar