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Classification And Epidemiology Of Adenoviruses

R. Wigand, T. Adrian
Published 1986 · Biology

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Adenoviruses (AV) were discovered by Rowe et al. (1), who recovered them from surgically removed adenoids of children. Viruses of the same group were independently isolated from throat swabs of patients with acute respiratory diseases by Hilleman and Werner (2). The group name Adenoviruses, indicating the occurrence in adenoid tissue, was created in 195 6 by Enders et al. (3). The AV group was given a family status Adenoviridae in 1976 (4), with two genera Mastadenovirus and Aviadenovirus. They largely encompass AV occurring in mammals or birds respectively. The viruses are widely spread in nature in many mammalian and avian species; an AV has also been recovered from the frog. In man, 41 types or serotypes (5–8) have been described up to now. A great number of types has also been found in monkeys, cattle, and chickens (see Table 1). In view of this diversity, a classification scheme is essential, both to help correctly identifying viruses and to establish phenotypic and genomic relationships between them.
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