Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Adsorption And Desorption Of Chlorpyrifos To Soils And Sediments.

Seyoum Y. Gebremariam, M. Beutel, D. Yonge, M. Flury, J. Harsh
Published 2012 · Chemistry, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Chlorpyrifos, one of the most widely used insecticides, has been detected in air, rain, marine sediments, surface waters, drinking water wells, and solid and liquid dietary samples collected from urban and rural areas. Its metabolite, TCP, has also been widely detected in urinary samples collected from people of various age groups. With a goal of elucidating the factors that control the environmental contamination, impact, persistence, and ecotoxicity of chlorpyrifos, we examine, in this review, the peer-reviewed literature relating to chlorpyrifos adsorption and desorption behavior in various solid-phase matrices. Adsorption tends to reduce chlorpyrifos mobility, but adsorption to erodible particulates, dissolved organic matter, or mobile inorganic colloids enhances its mobility. Adsorption to suspended sediments and particulates constitutes a major off-site migration route for chlorpyrifos to surface waters, wherein it poses a potential danger to aquatic organisms. Adsorption increases the persistence of chlorpyrifos in the environment by reducing its avail- ability to a wide range of dissipative and degradative forces, whereas the effect of adsorption on its ecotoxicity is dependent upon the route of exposure. Chlorpyrifos adsorbs to soils, aquatic sediments, organic matter, and clay minerals to differing degrees. Its adsorption strongly correlates with organic carbon con- tent of the soils and sediments. A comprehensive review of studies that relied on the batch equilibrium technique yields mean and median Kd values for chlorpyrifos of 271 and 116 L/kg for soils, and 385 and 403 L/kg for aquatic sediments. Chlorpyrifos adsorption coefficients spanned two orders of magnitude in soils. Normalizing the partition coefficient to organic content failed to substantially reduce variability to commonly acceptable level of variation. Mean and median values for chlorpyrifos partition coefficients normalized to organic carbon, K, were 8,163 and 7,227 L/kg for soils and 13,439 and 15,500 L/kg for sediipents. This variation may result from several factors, including various experimental artifacts, variation in quality of soil organic matter, and inconsistencies in experimental methodologies. Based on this review, there appears to be no definitive quantification of chlorpyrifos adsorption or desorption characteristics. Thus, it is difficult to predict its adsorptive behavior with certainty, without resorting to experimental methods specific to the soil or sediment of interest. This limitation should be recognized in the context of current efforts to predict the risk, fate, and transport of chlorpyrifos based upon published partition coefficients. Based on a comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed literature related to adsorption and desorption of chlorpyrifos, we propose the following key areas for future research. From this review, it becomes increasingly evident that pesticide partitioning cannot be fully accounted for by the fraction of soil or solid-matrix organic matter or carbon content. Therefore, research that probes the variation in the nature and quality of soil organic matter on pesticide adsorption is highly desirable. Pesticide persistence and bioavailability depend on insights into desorption capacity. Therefore, understanding the fate and environmental impact of hydrophobic pesticides is incomplete without new research being performed to improve insights into pesticide desorption from soils and sediments. There is also a need for greater attention and consistency in developing experimental methods aimed at estimating partition coefficients. Moreover, in such testing, choosing initial concentrations and liquid-solid ratios that are more representative of environmental conditions could improve usefulness and interpretation of data that are obtained. Future monitoring efforts should include the sampling and analysis of suspended particulates to account for suspended solid-phase CPF, a commonly underestimated fraction in surface water quality monitoring programs. Finally, management practices related to the reduction of off-site migration of CPF should be further evaluated, including alternative agricultural practices leading to reduction in soil erosion and structural best management practices, such as sedimentation ponds, treatment wetlands, and vegetated edge-of-field strips.
This paper references
10.1126/science.206.4420.831
A Physical Concept of Soil-Water Equilibria for Nonionic Organic Compounds
C. T. Chiou (1979)
10.1126/SCIENCE.1057544
Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change
D. Tilman (2001)
10.1577/1548-8659(2002)131<0797:NAAFIA>2.0.CO;2
Native and Alien Fishes in a California Estuarine Marsh: Twenty‐One Years of Changing Assemblages
Scott A. Matern (2002)
10.1021/ES00034A012
A distributed reactivity model for sorption by soils and sediments. 1. Conceptual basis and equilibrium assessments
W. J. Weber (1992)
10.3133/WRI024103
Diazinon and chlorpyrifos loads in the San Joaquin River basin, California, January and February 2000
Charles R. Kratzer (2002)
10.1016/J.ENVPOL.2005.08.058
An exploration of the relationship between adsorption and bioavailability of pesticides in soil to earthworm.
Y. L. Yu (2006)
10.1080/03601238209372336
Observations on the influence of water and soil pH on the persistence of insecticides.
R. Chapman (1982)
10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2006.06.009
Contamination levels of selected organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides in the Selangor River, Malaysia between 2002 and 2003.
Kok Hoong Leong (2007)
10.1016/0043-1354(80)90158-X
Behaviour of 12 insecticides in soil and aqueous suspensions of soil and sediment
M. S. Sharom (1980)
10.1006/ENRS.1995.1071
Pesticide residues in urine of adults living in the United States: reference range concentrations.
R. H. Hill (1995)
10.1007/s00374-006-0085-6
Dissolved organic matter enhances the sorption of atrazine by soil
Wanting Ling (2006)
10.1002/ETC.5620080411
Groundwater ubiquity score: a simple method for assessing pesticide leachability
D. I. Gustafson (1989)
10.1289/EHP.02110549
Children's exposure to chlorpyrifos and parathion in an agricultural community in central Washington State.
R. Fenske (2002)
Factors Affecting Sorption of Organic Compounds in Natural Sorbent' Water Systems and Sorption Coefficients for Selected Pollutants. A Review
Alessandro Delle (2001)
Soil-water partition coefficients for organiccompounds
Bockting Gjm (1993)
10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00213-9
Effect of soil composition and dissolved organic matter on pesticide sorption.
K. Spark (2002)
10.1002/ETC.5620090606
Henry's law constants for selected pesticides, PAHs and PCBs
N. J. Fendinger (1990)
10.1556/JPC.14.2001.4.11
Thin-Layer Chromatographic Studies of the Mobility of Pesticides through Soil-Containing Static Flat-Beds
A. Mohammad (2001)
10.1021/JA00856A001
Characterization of molecular branching
M. Randíc (1975)
10.1021/JF010031T
Stability of chlorpyrifos for termiticidal control in six Australian soils.
R. T. Murray (2001)
10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60946-3
The Measurement and Interpretation of Sorption and Desorption Rates for Organic Compounds in Soil Media
J. Pignatello (1999)
10.1007/BF02332034
The hydrolysis rate of chlorpyrifos,O-O-diethylO-(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl) phosphorothioate, and its dimethyl analog, chlorpyrifos-methyl, in dilute aqueous solution
R. Meikle (1978)
10.1897/02-293
Bioavailability of the organophosphorous insecticide chlorpyrifos to the suspension-feeding bivalve, Mercenaria mercenaria, following exposure to dissolved and particulate matter.
A. Bejarano (2003)
10.1002/ETC.5620100206
Mobility of Pesticides and Their Hydrolysis Metabolites in Soil
L. Somasundaram (1991)
10.1007/S00244-002-0066-1
Toxicity of Chlorpyrifos Adsorbed on Humic Colloids to Larval Walleye (Stizostedion vitreum)
T. A. Phillips (2003)
10.1080/03601238409372432
Sorption of organic substances by soils and sediments
Z. Gerstl (1984)
10.1128/AEM.58.4.1142-1152.1992
Differential bioavailability of soil-sorbed naphthalene to two bacterial species.
W. F. Guerin (1992)
10.1021/JF052343S
Influence of soil aging on sorption and bioavailability of simazine.
J. B. Regitano (2006)
10.1021/ES061186Q
Aging effects on the availability of herbicides to runoff transfer.
X. Louchart (2007)
10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11204-9
Pesticide poisoning in the developing world—a minimum pesticides list
M. Eddleston (2002)
10.2134/JEQ2003.1385
Aging effects on the sorption-desorption characteristics of anthropogenic organic compounds in soil.
M. Sharer (2003)
10.1080/03601230902997543
Adsorption of chlorpyrifos, penconazole and metalaxyl from aqueous solution by modified clays
N. Suciu (2009)
10.2134/JEQ1985.00472425001400020022X
Partitioning Behavior of Insecticides in Soil-Water Systems: I. Adsorbent Concentration Effects 1
B. Bowman (1985)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.01.006
Effects of drain-fill cycling on chlorpyrifos mineralization in wetland sediment-water microcosms.
Seyoum Y. Gebremariam (2010)
Removal of prioritary pesticides contamining r'mel ground water by using organic waste residues.
H. El Bakouri (2007)
10.1016/0045-6535(89)90069-6
Parameters for predicting fate of organochlorine pesticides in the environment (II) Adsorption constant to soil
Katsuya Kawamoto (1989)
10.1007/BF00197368
Chlorpyrifos in the air and soil of houses eight years after its application for termite control
C. G. Wright (1994)
10.1289/EHP.02110S3441
Birth defects, season of conception, and sex of children born to pesticide applicators living in the Red River Valley of Minnesota, USA.
V. Garry (2002)
10.1021/ES00081A010
Influence of organic matter from soils and sediments from various origins on the sorption of some chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons: implications on KOC correlations.
P. Grathwohl (1990)
10.1016/S0045-6535(01)00189-8
Mitigation of chlorpyrifos runoff using constructed wetlands.
M. Moore (2002)
10.1021/jf1008132
Characterization of sorption of endosulfan isomers and chlorpyrifos on container walls using mixed solvent systems.
J. Wasswa (2010)
10.1021/ES60136A003
Partition coefficient and bioaccumulation of selected organic chemicals
C. T. Chiou (1977)
10.1016/0045-6535(96)00266-4
Spatial and temporal variation of isoproturon residues and associated sorption/desorption parameters at the field scale
A. Beck (1996)
10.2134/JEQ1973.00472425000200010003X
Pesticide-Sediment-Water Interactions 1
H. B. Pionke (1973)
10.1002/ETC.5620150805
Time-dependent isotherm shape of organic compounds in soil organic matter : Implications for sorption mechanism
B. Xing (1996)
10.1021/es00157a003
Effects of structural and compositional variations of dissolved humic materials on pyrene Koc values.
T. D. Gauthier (1987)
10.1016/0045-6535(92)90080-B
Organic matter fractions controlling the sorption of atrazine in sandy soils
A. Payá-Pérez (1992)
10.1897/03-344
Degradation and sorption of selected organophosphate and carbamate insecticides in urban stream sediments.
S. Bondarenko (2004)
10.2134/JEQ1972.00472425000100020001X
Agriculture, Man, and His Environment1
O. G. Bentley (1972)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.04.001
Reduced plant uptake of pesticides with biochar additions to soil.
X. Yu (2009)
10.2136/SSSAJ2005.0158
Importance of Soil Organic Matter Fractions in Soil-Landscape and Regional Assessments of Pesticide Sorption and Leaching in Soil
A. Farenhorst (2006)
10.1021/ES001391K
A distributed reactivity model for sorption by soils and sediments. 14. Characterization and modeling of phenanthrene desorption rates.
M. Johnson (2001)
10.1063/1.1347984
Factors Affecting Sorption of Organic Compounds in Natural Sorbent/Water Systems and Sorption Coefficients for Selected Pollutants. A Review
A. D. Site (2001)
Acute pesticide poisoning: a major global health problem.
J. Jeyaratnam (1990)
10.2307/4039977
Fate and Activity of Herbicides in Soils
R. E. Ogle (1954)
10.1590/S0100-40422007000800014
Investigation of the occurrence of pesticide residues in rural wells and surface water following application to tobacco
E. C. Bortoluzzi (2007)
10.2134/JEQ1992.00472425002100010017X
Desorption and Bioavailability of Aged Simazine Residues in Soil from a Continuous Corn Field
Stephen L. Scribner (1992)
10.1002/ETC.5620190109
Diazinon and chlorpyrifos in urban waterways in northern California, USA.
H. C. Bailey (2000)
10.1038/24254
The greening of the green revolution
D. Tilman (1998)
10.1080/03601239409372919
Sorption of chlorpyrifos and fonofos on four soils and turfgrass thatch using membrane filters
W. Spieszalski (1994)
10.1002/ETC.5620120212
Identification of methyl parathion toxicity in colusa basin drain water
B. Finlayson (1993)
10.1080/09593332308618322
Dissipation of Chlorpyrifos from Tap, River and Brackish Waters in Glass Aquaria
C. Thomas (2002)
10.1021/ES051704H
NMR investigation of the behavior of an organothiophosphate pesticide, chlorpyrifos, sorbed on montmorillonite clays.
Mark R. Seger (2006)
10.1021/ES960614X
Chlorpyrifos in the Air and Surface Water of Chesapeake Bay: Predictions of Atmospheric Deposition Fluxes
L. McConnell (1997)
Soil thin layer chromatography.
W. Steurbaut (2000)
10.1038/325602A0
Pesticides in fog
D. Glotfelty (1987)
10.1021/JF00062A003
Effects of sediment sorption on abiotic hydrolyses. 1. Organophosphorothioate esters
D. Macalady (1985)
10.1289/EHP.6430
Long-term neurobehavioral health effects of methyl parathion exposure in children in Mississippi and Ohio.
P. Ruckart (2004)
10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00006-5
Comparison of different HPLC stationary phases for determination of soil-water distribution coefficient, KOC, values of organic chemicals in RP-HPLC system
G. Szabó (1999)
10.1007/978-1-4612-1498-4_1
Chlorpyrifos: ecological risk assessment in North American aquatic environments.
J. Giesy (1999)
10.1007/S002449900393
Organophosphate and Carbamate Insecticides in Agricultural Waters and Cholinesterase (ChE) Inhibition in Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio)
S. Gruber (1998)
10.1021/ES940683G
Mechanisms of Slow Sorption of Organic Chemicals to Natural Particles
J. Pignatello (1996)
10.1021/bk-2000-0751.ch020
Pesticide transport in the San Joaquin River Basin
N. M. Dubrovsky (2000)
10.1016/J.SCITOTENV.2007.08.006
Relationship between mobility factors (Rf) of two hydrophobic termiticides and selected field and artificial soil parameters.
S. Li (2007)
10.1021/BK-1992-0510.CH014
Pesticide Wastewater Cleanup Using Demulsification, Sorption, and Filtration Followed by Chemical and Biological Degradation
D. Mullins (1992)
10.1016/0048-9697(92)90176-S
Adsorption of chlorpyrifos on Almería soils
A. Garcia (1992)
10.3133/CIR1237
Water Quality in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, 1999-2000
G. J. Fuhrer (2004)
10.1021/JF050969C
Sorption and aging of corn and soybean pesticides in tropical soils of Brazil.
V. Laabs (2005)
10.1080/03601238009372162
Persistence of chlorpyrifos in a mineral and an organic soil.
R. Chapman (1980)
10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00546-9
Leaching and degradation of corn and soybean pesticides in an Oxisol of the Brazilian Cerrados.
V. Laabs (2000)
10.2134/JEQ1993.00472425002200010023X
Volatilization of Fonofos, Chlorpyrifos, and Atrazine from Conventional and No‐Till Surface Soils in the Field
J. M. Whang (1993)
10.1023/A:1021677914391
Ambient Toxicity Due to Chlorpyrifos and Diazinon in a Central California Coastal Watershed
J. Hunt (2003)
10.1021/JF60156A038
Omega (.OMEGA.), a useful index of soil sorption equilibria
S. M. Lambert (1968)
10.1016/J.ENVRES.2005.03.012
Concentrations of selective metabolites of organophosphorus pesticides in the United States population.
D. Barr (2005)
10.1016/J.CROPRO.2007.03.022
The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment
J. Cooper (2007)
10.2134/JEQ1992.00472425002100030009X
Dissolved Organic Matter and Adsorption‐Desorption of Dimefuron, Atrazine, and Carbetamide by Soils
E. Barriuso (1992)
10.1021/es00145a006
Spatial variability of pesticide adsorption parameters.
H. Elabd (1986)
10.1179/oeh.2002.8.1.63
Ames, Pesticides, and Cancer Revisited
E. Richter (2002)
10.1021/ES001446I
The nature of soil organic matter affects sorption of pesticides. 1. Relationships with carbon chemistry as determined by 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy.
R. Ahmad (2001)
10.1002/ETC.5620190126
Insecticide-caused toxicity to Ceriodaphnia dubia (CLADOCERA) in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River delta, California, USA
I. Werner (2000)
10.1016/S0300-483X(00)00452-2
Pesticide use in developing countries.
D. Ecobichon (2001)
10.1007/BF01057407
Persistence of three organophosphorus insecticides in artificial ponds and some biological implications
D. Hughes (1980)
10.1021/jf800095t
Availability of triazine herbicides in aged soils amended with olive oil mill waste.
A. Cabrera (2008)
10.1021/ES960246X
Colloid-facilitated transport of strongly sorbing contaminants in natural porous media : A laboratory column study
D. Grolimund (1996)
10.3133/CIR1291
Pesticides in the Nation's Streams and Ground Water, 1992-2001
R. Gilliom (2006)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.11.036
Partitioning of chlorpyrifos to soil and plants in vegetated agricultural drainage ditches.
M. R. Rogers (2009)
10.1542/peds.2005-1781
Pesticide Exposure and Stunting as Independent Predictors of Neurobehavioral Deficits in Ecuadorian School Children
P. Grandjean (2006)
Mineralization, sorption and desorption of chlorpyrifos in aquatic sediments and soils
Seyoum Y. Gebremariam (2011)
10.1021/JF950474V
Immobility of Emamectin Benzoate in Soils
M. Mushtaq (1996)
10.2134/JEQ2002.8800
Effects of dissolved organic carbon on sorption and mobility of imidacloprid in soil.
F. Flores-Céspedes (2002)
10.1016/J.TAAP.2005.03.033
Acute pesticide poisoning and pesticide registration in Central America.
C. Wesseling (2005)
10.2134/JEQ1998.00472425002700050026X
Facilitated Transport of Napropamide by Dissolved Organic Matter in Sewage Sludge‐Amended Soil
S. Nelson (1998)
10.1021/jf801545h
Field aging of insecticides after repeated application to a northern Thailand ultisol.
H. Ciglasch (2008)
10.1016/J.NEURO.2004.07.010
Dieldrin-induced neurotoxicity: relevance to Parkinson's disease pathogenesis.
A. Kanthasamy (2005)
10.1021/ES960995E
A Distributed Reactivity Model for Sorption by Soils and Sediments. 10. Relationships between Desorption, Hysteresis, and the Chemical Characteristics of Organic Domains
W. Huang (1997)
10.1021/BK-1993-0522.CH011
Biologically Based Sorbents and Their Potential Use in Pesticide Waste Disposal During Composting
D. Mullins (1993)
10.1021/es00110a009
Partition equilibriums of nonionic organic compounds between soil organic matter and water.
C. T. Chiou (1983)
10.1021/BK-1996-0651.CH002
Micellar Nature of Humic Colloids
Thomas F. Guetzloff (1996)
Procedures for assessing the environmental fate and ecotoxicity of pesticides
M. Lynch (1995)
10.1289/ehp.9828
Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure and Neurodevelopment in Young Mexican-American Children
B. Eskenazi (2007)
10.1016/0045-6535(94)90255-0
Influence of exogenous organic matter in the mobility of diazinon in soils
M. Arienzo (1994)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.11.007
Ecotoxicological evaluation of chlorpyrifos exposure on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.
Ji-yeon Roh (2008)
10.2307/4041022
Movement and Sorption of Chemicals Applied to the Soil
S. M. Lambert (1965)
10.1021/JF00115A027
Acute toxicity, bioconcentration, and persistence of AC 222,705, benthiocarb, chlorpyrifos, fenvalerate, methyl parathion, and permethrin in the estuarine environment.
S. Schimmel (1983)
10.1002/ETC.5620220120
Bioavailability of desorption-resistant phenanthrene to the oligochaete Ilyodrilus templetoni.
Xiaoxia Lu (2003)
10.1021/ba-1972-0111.ch004
Interaction of organic pesticides with particulate matter in aquatic and soil systems
J. Weber (1972)
10.1560/A723-N65T-V12A-1AXU
Hydrolysis of chlorpyrifos in aqueous and colloidal systems
J. Wu (2002)
10.1016/J.ENVPOL.2003.08.017
Feasibility of constructed wetlands for removing chlorothalonil and chlorpyrifos from aqueous mixtures.
R. M. Sherrard (2004)
10.1002/PS.433
Predicted impact of transgenic, herbicidetolerant corn on drinking water quality in vulnerable watersheds of the mid-western USA.
R. Wauchope (2002)
10.1021/JF00107A040
Theoretical and experimental relationships between soil adsorption, octanol-water partition-coefficients, water solubilities, bioconcentration factors, and the parachor
G. G. Briggs (1981)
10.1007/S002449900519
Sorption of Nine Pesticides to Three Aquatic Macrophytes
S. Crum (1999)
10.2307/4041206
Movement of Herbicides in Soil
C. Harris (1967)
10.2307/4041113
Adsorption, Movement, and Phytotoxicity of Monuron and s-Triazine Herbicides in Soil
C. I. Harris (1966)
10.1016/0035-9203(92)90345-D
Public Health Impact of Pesticides used in Agriculture. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1990. 128 pp. Price Sw. fr. 21.00. ISBN 92-4-156139-4
H. Townson (1992)
Organic chemicals in the soil environment
C. A. Goring (1972)
10.1520/STP34147S
Estimation of soil sorption constants of organic chemicals by high-performance liquid chromatography
R. Swann (1981)
10.1897/02-431
Effect of humic acids on toxicity of DDT and chlorpyrifos to freshwater and estuarine invertebrates.
Laurent C. Mézin (2004)
10.1002/ETC.5620190915
Comparison of pesticides in eight U.S. urban streams
Ryan S. Hoffman (2000)
10.2136/SSSAJ1995.03615995005900060001X
Enhanced Transport of Atrazine Under Irrigation with Effluent
E. Graber (1995)
10.1002/ETC.5620150725
Life‐stage‐specific toxicity of sediment‐associated chlorpyrifos to a marine, infaunal copepod
A. S. Green (1996)
10.2134/JEQ1983.00472425001200010001X
Reevaluation of Partitioning as a Mechanism of Nonionic Chemicals Adsorption in Soils 1
U. Mingelgrin (1983)
10.1016/0045-6535(87)90114-7
Sediment-water partition coefficients and HPLC retention factors of aromatic hydrocarbons
P. Vowles (1987)
10.2134/AGRONJ1966.00021962005800020035X
Effect of Soil Properties on the Persistence of Linuron and Diphenamid in Soils1
H. Dubey (1966)
10.1016/0045-6535(88)90045-8
The estimation of the adsorption coefficient (Koc) for soils by high performance liquid chromatography
J. Hodson (1988)
10.4141/CJSS96-064
α-Naphthol sorption as regulated by structure and composition of organic substances in soils and sediments
Z. Chen (1996)
10.1126/science.162.3853.562
Pesticide Mobility: Determination by Soil Thin-Layer Chromatography
C. Helling (1968)
10.1016/J.TRAC.2004.09.003
Determination of total organic carbon: an overview of current methods
I. Bisutti (2004)
10.1021/ES00045A010
Elution of aged and freshly added herbicides from a soil
J. Pignatello (1993)
10.2307/4040304
The Leaching of Monuron from Lakeland Sand Soil. Part II. The Effect of Soil Temperature, Organic Matter, Soil Moisture, and Amount of Herbicide
R. P. Upchurch (1958)
10.1021/es00147a010
Water solubility enhancement of some organic pollutants and pesticides by dissolved humic and fulvic acids.
C. T. Chiou (1986)
10.1002/PS.489
Pesticide soil sorption parameters: theory, measurement, uses, limitations and reliability.
R. D. Wauchope (2002)
10.1016/S0026-265X(02)00063-2
POPs in key species of marine Antarctic ecosystem
S. Corsolini (2002)
10.1021/ES015796W
Phenanthrene sorption by aliphatic-rich natural organic matter.
M. Salloum (2002)
10.2134/JEQ2006.0123
Sorption and degradation of pesticides in nursery recycling ponds.
J. Lu (2006)
10.1038/sj.jea.7500261
Distributions, associations, and partial aggregate exposure of pesticides and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in the Minnesota Children's Pesticide Exposure Study (MNCPES)
C. Clayton (2003)
10.1016/J.NEURO.2004.12.002
Neurobehavioral performance in preschool children from agricultural and non-agricultural communities in Oregon and North Carolina.
D. Rohlman (2005)
10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00545-8
Occurrence of pesticides in rain and air in urban and agricultural areas of Mississippi, April-September 1995.
R. Coupe (2000)
10.1021/ES062616F
Relationship between the adsorption capacity of pesticides by wood residues and the properties of woods and pesticides.
Sonia Rodríguez-Cruz (2007)
10.1016/J.MARPOLBUL.2005.03.002
PCBs and chlorinated pesticides (DDTs, HCHs and HCB) in the atmosphere of the southwest Atlantic and Antarctic oceans.
R. Montone (2005)
10.1021/JF60223A013
Sorption of organophosphorus and carbamate insecticides by soil
A. Felsot (1979)
10.1021/ES980833D
Estimation of Organic Carbon Normalized Sorption Coefficient (KOC) for Soils Using the Fragment Constant Method
S. Tao (1999)
10.2307/1350002
Issues in the Economics of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: A Review of the Empirical Evidence
J. Fernandez-Cornejo (1998)
10.1021/ES00165A007
Persistence of 1,2-dibromoethane in soils: entrapment in intraparticle micropores
S. Steinberg (1987)
10.1021/ES9802403
Airborne pesticide residues along the Mississippi River
M. Majewski (1998)
10.1128/AEM.49.3.582-587.1985
Effects of sorption on biological degradation rates of (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid in soils.
A. Ogram (1985)
10.1016/J.GEODERMA.2009.06.015
Does an increase in soil organic carbon improve the filtering capacity of aggregated soils for organic pesticides? — A case study
T. Aslam (2009)
10.1016/0043-1354(79)90252-5
A rapid method for estimating log P for organic chemicals
G. Veith (1979)
10.1021/es00158a004
On the prediction of soil sorption coefficients of organic pollutants from molecular structure: application of molecular topology model.
A. Sabljic (1987)
10.1021/ES015652H
Distributed sequestration and release of PAHs in weathered sediment: the role of sediment structure and organic carbon properties.
K. Rockne (2002)
10.1021/JF60152A024
Functional relation between sorption in soil and chemical structure
S. M. Lambert (1967)
10.3155/1047-3289.58.9.1240
Air and Groundwater Pollution in an Agricultural Region of the Turkish Mediterranean Coast
S. Tuncel (2008)
10.1016/S0021-9673(00)82769-7
Determination of partition coefficients by liquid chromatography
R. M. Carlson (1975)
10.2134/JEQ1991.00472425002000010032X
Field Decay of Wheat Straw and its Effects on Metribuzin and S-Ethyl Metribuzin Sorption and Elution from Crop Residues
T. Dao (1991)
10.1016/J.CROPRO.2003.10.001
Safeguarding production-losses in major crops and the role of crop protection
E.-C. Oerke (2004)
10.1021/JF60199A037
Adsorption-desorption of selected pesticides by organic matter and montmorillonite.
R. D. Carringer (1975)
10.1016/0048-9697(95)04443-5
HPLC-screening method to determine the adsorption coefficient in soil-comparison of immobilized humic acid and clay mineral phases for cyanopropyl columns
W. Koerdel (1995)
10.1002/ETC.5620161124
Selective toxicity of chlorpyrifos to several species of fish during an environmental exposure: Biochemical mechanisms
R. Carr (1997)
10.2307/4040608
Movement of Dicamba and Diphenamid in Soils
C. Harris (1964)
10.1021/JF050238C
Determining kinetic and nonequilibrium sorption behavior for chlopyrifos using a hybrid batch/column experiment.
S. Cryer (2005)
10.1007/978-1-4612-3850-8_1
Critical Review of Henry’s Law Constants for Pesticides
L. R. Suntio (1988)
10.1542/peds.2009-3058
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate Pesticides
M. Bouchard (2010)
10.1021/JF071084Z
Sorption of chlorpyrifos to selected minerals and the effect of humic acid.
Tristan J Van Emmerik (2007)
10.1021/ES060152F
Prediction of the sorption of organic compounds into soil organic matter from molecular structure.
G. Schüürmann (2006)
10.1016/0147-6513(80)90005-6
Predicted bioconcentration factors and soil sorption coefficients of pesticides and other chemicals.
E. E. Kenaga (1980)
10.2134/JEQ1991.00472425002000010043X
Pesticide and Nutrient Movement into Subsurface Tile Drains on a Silt Loam Soil in Indiana
E. Kladivko (1991)
10.1007/978-1-4612-2550-8_1
Ecotoxicology of chlorpyrifos.
M. Barron (1995)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2008.01.025
Bioaccumulation of atrazine and chlorpyrifos to Lumbriculus variegatus from lake sediments.
A. Jantunen (2008)
10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2005.03.024
A comparison of five pesticides adsorption and desorption processes in thirteen contrasting field soils.
A. Boivin (2005)
10.1098/RSTB.1990.0179
Predicting the behaviour of pesticides in soil from their physical and chemical properties.
G. G. Briggs (1990)
Our changing perspectives on benefits and risks of pesticides: a historical overview.
Ecobichon Dj (2000)
10.1016/S0045-6535(97)00353-6
City refuse compost and sodium dodecyl sulphate as modifiers of diazinon leaching in soil
M. Sánchez-Camazano (1997)
10.1016/0146-6380(85)90045-2
Mechanistic roles of soil humus and minerals in the sorption of nonionic organic compounds from aqueous and organic solutions
C. T. Chiou (1985)
10.1111/J.1745-6584.2000.TB00684.X
Pesticides in Ground Water of the United States, 1992–1996
D. Kolpin (2000)
10.1007/978-1-4612-5462-1_3
A rapid method for the estimation of the environmental parameters octanol/water partition coefficient, soil sorption constant, water to air ratio, and water solubility
R. Swann (1983)
10.1016/0025-326X(92)90500-6
Persistent organophosphorus pesticides in tropical marine environments
J. Readman (1992)
10.1007/BF02897918
Investigation of indoor air pollution by chlorpyrifos: Determination of chlorpyrifos in indoor air and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol in residents’ urine as an exposure index
H. Dai (2003)
10.1021/ES00093A009
Transport of nonpolar organic compounds from surface water to groundwater. Laboratory sorption studies
R. Schwarzenbach (1981)
10.1021/ES991088N
Study of the fast competitive adsorption of pesticides in soils by simultaneous filtration and solid-phase extraction with subsequent GC-MS
L. Ramos (2000)
10.3133/WRI034091
Diazinon and chlorpyrifos loads in precipitation and urban and agricultural storm runoff during January and February 2001 in the San Joaquin River basin, California
C. Zamora (2003)
10.3923/JAS.2007.2686.2690
Potential of Agricultural By-Product in Reducing Chlorpyrifos Leaching Through Soil
Siraprapa Romyen (2007)
10.1126/science.1127291
The Challenge of Micropollutants in Aquatic Systems
R. Schwarzenbach (2006)
10.1016/J.ENVPOL.2004.08.011
Effect of organic fertilizers derived dissolved organic matter on pesticide sorption and leaching.
K. Li (2005)
10.1016/0169-7722(90)90034-E
Estimation of organic chemical sorption by soils
Z. Gerstl (1990)
10.2134/JEQ1993.00472425002200010025X
Sorption and Movement of Alachlor in Soil Modified by Carbon‐Rich Wastes
L. Guo (1993)
10.2134/JEQ1996.00472425002500010005X
Experimental evidence of transport of pesticides through field soils - a review
M. Flury (1996)
10.1111/j.1749-6632.1999.tb08065.x
The Role of Pesticides in Agricultural Crop Protection
N. Ragsdale (1999)
10.1097/00010694-198808000-00014
Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. Physical and mineralogical methods.
A. Klute (1986)
10.1097/00010694-196711000-00002
ADSORPTION AND MOVEMENT OF LINDANE IN SOILS
B. C. Kay (1967)
10.2134/JEQ2001.3041258X
Effects of dissolved organic matter from animal waste effluent on chlorpyrifos sorption by soils.
X. Huang (2001)
10.3891/ACTA.CHEM.SCAND.05-0774
The Partition of Organic Compounds Between Higher Alcohols and Water.
R. Collander (1951)
10.1021/ES00032A011
Molecular topology/fragment contribution method for predicting soil sorption coefficients
W. Meylan (1992)
10.2134/JEQ1985.00472425001400020023X
Partitioning Behavior of Insecticides in Soil-Water Systems: II. Desorption Hysteresis Effects 1
B. Bowman (1985)
10.2134/JEQ2004.1765
Interactions of chlorpyrifos with colloidal materials in aqueous systems.
J. Wu (2004)
10.1021/LA9908438
Simple Optimization Approach for the Characterization of Pore Size Distribution
C. Nguyen (2000)
10.1080/02772249709358397
The potential of incorporated organic matter to reduce pesticide leaching
A. Johnson (1997)
10.1093/EE/5.6.1053
Toxicity of Five Ricefield Pesticides to the Mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis , and Green Sunfish, Lepomis cyanellus , Under Laboratory and Field Conditions in Arkansas
R. Davey (1976)
10.1111/J.1365-2389.1976.TB01974.X
INFLUENCE OF SOIL PROPERTIES ON ADSORPTION OF PESTICIDE-DERIVED ANILINE AND p-CHLOROANILINE
A. Moreale (1976)
10.1002/ETC.5620080604
Relationship between the soil sorption constants for pesticides and their physicochemical properties
J. Kanazawa (1989)
10.1111/J.1745-6584.2002.TB02500.X
More realistic soil cleanup standards with dual-equilibrium desorption.
W. Chen (2002)
10.1016/0043-1354(79)90201-X
SORPTION OF HYDROPHOBIC POLLUTANTS ON NATURAL SEDIMENTS
S. Karickhoff (1979)
10.1021/JF00122A016
Predictions of the nature and strength of soil sorption of organic pollutants by molecular topology
A. Sabljic (1984)
10.1021/JM00240A003
Liquid-lipquid partition coefficients by high-pressure liquid chromatography.
John M. McCall (1975)
10.1007/S002449900232
Effect of the Nature of Exogenous Organic Matter on Pesticide Sorption by the Soil
E. Iglesias-Jiménez (1997)
10.1016/S0304-3894(03)00227-9
Evaluation of toxicity of the pesticides, chlorpyrifos and arsenic, in the presence of compost humic substances in aqueous systems.
K. Jones (2003)
10.1002/ETC.5620080607
Determination of octanol/water partition coefficients for hydrophobic organic chemicals with the “slow‐stirring” method
J. D. Bruijn (1989)
10.1017/S0021859605005708
Crop losses to pests
E.-C. Oerke (2006)
10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00506-3
Hydrolysis of chlorpyrifos in natural waters of the Chesapeake Bay.
B. Liu (2001)
10.1039/B004740F
Removal of atrazine and four organophosphorus pesticides from environmental waters by diatomaceous earth-remediation method.
K. Agdi (2000)
10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00543-4
Pesticides in the atmosphere of the Mississippi River Valley, part I--rain.
M. Majewski (2000)
10.1016/J.ENVPOL.2004.04.012
Influence of ageing of residues on the availability of herbicides for leaching.
A. Walker (2005)
10.2166/wst.2009.284
Sorption behavior of a synthetic antioxidant, polycyclic musk, and an organophosphate insecticide in wastewater sludge.
S. M. Thomas (2009)
10.1016/0045-6535(95)00327-5
QSAR modelling of soil sorption. Improvements and systematics of log KOC vs. log KOW correlations
A. Sabljic (1995)
10.1002/ETC.5620101203
Technical basis for establishing sediment quality criteria for nonionic organic chemicals using equilibrium partitioning
D. D. Toro (1991)
10.1097/00010694-200112000-00006
ADSORPTION AND DESORPTION OF ATRAZINE IN SOILS AND SUBSURFACE SEDIMENTS
T. Moorman (2001)
10.1007/BF01608096
Estimation of chemical mobility in soil from liquid chromatographic retention times
P. J. Mccall (1980)
10.4314/WSA.V27I1.5012
Current-use insecticides, phosphates and suspended solids in the Lourens River, Western Cape, during the first rainfall event of the wet season
R. Schulz (2004)
Pesticide Residues in Victorian Waterways: A Review
A. Wightwick (2007)
10.1021/ES0000293
Effect of organic amendments on herbicide sorption as related to the nature of the dissolved organic matter.
L. Cox (2000)
10.1002/ps.1990
Degradation and adsorption of terbuthylazine and chlorpyrifos in biobed biomixtures from composted cotton crop residues.
Konstantina Kravvariti (2010)
10.2134/JEQ1999.00472425002800030025X
Agricultural pesticides in the Patuxent river, a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay
J. A. Harman-Fetcho (1999)
10.1071/SR02062
Contrasting behaviour of chlorpyrifos and its primary metabolite, TCP (3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol), with depth in soil profiles
S. Baskaran (2003)
10.1021/JF60215A032
Sorption-desorption of parathion in soils
P. A. Wahid (1978)
10.1002/ETC.5620210515
Effect of molecular structures on the solubility enhancement of hydrophobic organic compounds by environmental amphiphiles.
Hyun-Hee Cho (2002)
10.1007/s11030-005-9004-2
A topological substructural molecular design to predict soil sorption coefficients for pesticides
M. González (2005)
10.1093/JEE/78.2.412
Factors Influencing the Persistence and Effectiveness of Chlorpyrifos in Soil
L. W. Getzin (1985)
10.1007/978-1-4612-4362-5_1
Environmental fate of chlorpyrifos.
K. D. Racke (1993)
10.1007/BF02286399
Amounts of pesticides reaching target pests: Environmental impacts and ethics
D. Pimentel (1995)
10.1897/01-362
Quantitative structure-activity relationships for predicting soil-sediment sorption coefficients for organic chemicals.
W. Doucette (2003)
10.1002/JSFA.2740050405
Soil fumigation. I.—the sorption of ethylene dibromide by soils
P. Wade (1954)
10.1016/0045-6535(81)90083-7
Semi-empirical estimation of sorption of hydrophobic pollutants on natural sediments and soils
S. Karickhoff (1981)
10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00097-2
Dependence of pesticide degradation on sorption: nonequilibrium model and application to soil reactors
L. Guo (2000)
10.1021/JF960315R
Influence of Natural Dissolved Organic Matter, Temperature, and Mixing on the Abiotic Hydrolysis of Triazine and Organophosphate Pesticides
J. Noblet (1996)
10.1073/pnas.0802616105
Maternal transfer of xenobiotics and effects on larval striped bass in the San Francisco Estuary
David J. Ostrach (2008)
10.1016/S0045-6535(97)00098-2
Alternatives for the determination of the soil adsorption coefficient, Koc, of non-ionicorganic compounds : A review
B. Gawlik (1997)
10.2134/jeq1998.00472425002700060011x
Sorption and Desorption of Atrazine by Sludge-Amended Soil: Dissolved Organic Matter Effects
R. Celis (1998)
10.2136/SSSAJ1971.03615995003500060014X
Retention of Three Insecticides on Different Size Soil Particles Suspended in Water1
E. Richardson (1971)
10.1016/0045-6535(95)00176-9
RELATIONS BETWEEN PESTICIDE USE AND RIVERINE FLUX IN THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER BASIN
S. Larson (1995)
10.1038/sj.jea.7500406
Exposures of preschool children to chlorpyrifos and its degradation product 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol in their everyday environments
M. Morgan (2005)
10.1080/10588330091134329
Evaluation of the Effect of Surfactants on the Movement of Pesticides in Soils Using a Soil Thin-Layer Chromatography Technique
R. Singh (2000)
10.1080/10408440802272158
Review of the Toxicology of Chlorpyrifos With an Emphasis on Human Exposure and Neurodevelopment
D. Eaton (2008)
10.1021/JF60149A015
Catalytic hydrolysis of some organic phosphate pesticides by copper(II)
M. M. Mortland (1967)
10.1021/jf1011352
Influence of biochars on plant uptake and dissipation of two pesticides in an agricultural soil.
X. Yang (2010)
10.1577/1548-8659(1985)114<12:TDOSBI>2.0.CO;2
The Decline of Striped Bass in the Sacramento‐San Joaquin Estuary, California
D. E. Stevens (1985)
10.2134/JEQ2003.1611
Atmospheric deposition of pesticides to an agricultural watershed of the Chesapeake Bay.
Z. Kuang (2003)
10.1021/ES00165A012
A comparison of water solubility enhancements of organic solutes by aquatic humic materials and commercial humic acids
C. T. Chiou (1987)
10.1080/03601238309372398
Determination of octanol‐water partitioning coefficients (KOW) of 61 organophosphorus and carbamate insecticides and their relationship to respective water solubility (S) values
B. Bowman (1983)
10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2005.04.036
Assessment of insecticide contamination in runoff and stream water of small agricultural streams in the main soybean area of Argentina.
S. Jergentz (2005)
10.1021/ES025638K
In situ mobilization of colloids and transport of cesium in Hanford sediments.
M. Flury (2002)
10.1021/ES00154A013
Influence of the nature of soil organics on the sorption of toluene and trichloroethylene
D. Garbarini (1986)
10.2134/jeq2007.0504
Photostability and photodegradation pathways of distinctive pesticides.
A. Kiss (2009)
10.1002/PS.2780420108
CHLORPYRIFOS DEGRADATION IN SOIL AT TERMITICIDAL APPLICATION RATES
K. Racke (1994)
10.1002/JPS.2600641216
Molecular connectivity. III: Relationship to partition coefficients.
W. Murray (1975)
10.1023/A:1014705931212
Runoff-Related Pesticide Input into the Lourens River, South Africa: Basic Data for Exposure Assessment and Risk Mitigation at the Catchment Scale
J. Dabrowski (2002)
10.1021/JF60134A007
Soil-Pesticide Relationships, Adsorption and Desorption of Organic Pesticides by Soil Colloids, with Implications Concerning Pesticide Bioactivity
G. W. Bailey (1964)
10.1007/BF00143410
The effect of agricultural discharge on striped bass (Morone saxatilis) in California's Sacramento-San Joaquin drainage
H. C. Bailey (1994)
10.1002/ETC.5620130411
Organic carbon partitioning as a basis for predicting the toxicity of chlorpyrifos in sediments
G. Ankley (1994)
10.1080/10889860902902081
Adsorption of Methyl Parathion from Aqueous Solutions Using Mango Kernels: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies
G. Z. Memon (2009)
10.1002/ETC.5620140104
Effect of alachlor concentration and an organic amendment on soil dehydrogenase activity and pesticide degradation rate
A. Felsot (1995)
10.1002/ETC.5620040106
Desorption kinetics of picloram as affected by residence time in the soil
P. McCall (1985)
10.1021/JF960834U
Henry's Law Constants for Pesticides Measured as a Function of Temperature and Salinity
C. Rice (1997)
10.1080/15287398209530263
Effects of chlorpyrifos on field- and laboratory-developed estuarine benthic communities.
M. E. Tagatz (1982)
10.1021/ES960481F
Dual-Mode Sorption of Low-Polarity Compounds in Glassy Poly(Vinyl Chloride) and Soil Organic Matter
B. Xing (1997)



This paper is referenced by
10.1080/03067319.2014.954564
Residue dynamics of chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin in/on pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) fruits and soil
S. Mohapatra (2014)
10.1007/s11368-016-1586-z
Behavior of chlorpyrifos and its major metabolite TCP (3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol) in agricultural soils amended with drinking water treatment residuals
Y. Zhao (2016)
10.3390/polym12092036
Sorption Features of Polyurethane Foam Functionalized with Salicylate for Chlorpyrifos: Equilibrium, Kinetic Models and Thermodynamic Studies
M. E. Bouraie (2020)
10.1007/s11270-013-1453-0
Behavior of Insecticide Chlorpyrifos on Soils and Sediments with Different Organic Matter Content from Provincia de Buenos Aires, República Argentina
M. Álvarez (2013)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.03.018
Characterization of soil organic matter by FT-IR spectroscopy and its relationship with chlorpyrifos sorption.
M. E. Parolo (2017)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.059
Effects of a fungicide (imazalil) and an insecticide (diazinon) on stream fungi and invertebrates associated with litter breakdown.
L. Flores (2014)
10.4136/AMBI-AGUA.1263
Resíduos de pesticidas em sedimento de fundo de rio na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil
Juliana Possavatz (2014)
10.15517/RBT.V63I1.13665
Toxicity induced by dieldrin and chlorpyrifos in the freshwater crayfish Cambarellus montezumae (Cambaridae).
Sandra Díaz (2015)
10.1080/15320383.2014.912610
Specific Surface Area Effect on Adsorption of Chlorpyrifos and TCP by Soils and Modelling
Funda Cimen Tureli (2015)
10.1007/s13593-015-0301-6
Managing ditches for agroecological engineering of landscape. A review
Jeanne Dollinger (2015)
10.1007/s11356-018-2559-0
Degradation kinetics of chlorpyrifos and diazinon in volcanic and non-volcanic soils: influence of cyclodextrins
M. Báez (2018)
10.1016/j.watres.2013.12.014
Kinetics of biotransformation of chlorpyrifos in aqueous and soil slurry environments.
M. K. Tiwari (2014)
10.1016/j.envpol.2018.09.050
Does sea-dyke construction affect the spatial distribution of pesticides in agricultural soils? - A case study from the Red River Delta, Vietnam.
G. Braun (2018)
Remediating Chlorpyrifos-Contaminated Soil Using Immobilized Microorganism Technology
X. Wang (2018)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136261
Mitigation of organophosphate pesticide pollution in agricultural watersheds.
Çağrı Şahin (2019)
10.1016/j.envint.2016.05.034
An assessment of the impacts of pesticide use on the environment and health of rice farmers in Sierra Leone.
A. I. Sankoh (2016)
10.1007/398_2015_5004
Prospective Environmental Risk Assessment for Sediment-Bound Organic Chemicals: A Proposal for Tiered Effect Assessment.
N. J. Diepens (2017)
10.1155/2017/5896191
Pesticides Usage in the Soil Quality Degradation Potential in Wanasari Subdistrict, Brebes, Indonesia
T. Joko (2017)
Sediment toxicity testing and prospective risk assessment of organic chemicals
N. J. Diepens (2015)
10.1007/978-981-13-7462-3_1
Microbial Degradation of Pyridine and Pyridine Derivatives
N. Gupta (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.07.159
A statistical assessment of pesticide pollution in surface waters using environmental monitoring data: Chlorpyrifos in Central Valley, California.
D. Wang (2016)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.018
Characteristics and mechanisms of chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos-methyl adsorption onto biochars: Influence of deashing and low molecular weight organic acid (LMWOA) aging and co-existence.
H. Zheng (2019)
10.1016/j.envpol.2016.04.050
Importance of suspended sediment (SPS) composition and grain size in the bioavailability of SPS-associated pyrene to Daphnia magna.
Xinghui Xia (2016)
10.1007/978-3-319-03865-0_3
Fate in the environment and long-range atmospheric transport of the organophosphorus insecticide, chlorpyrifos and its oxon.
D. Mackay (2014)
10.1007/s11356-019-05592-2
Ecological risk assessment of agricultural pesticides in the highly productive Ndop flood plain in Cameroon using the PRIMET model
P. B. Fai (2019)
Evaluation of silica as an adsorbent for carbendazim from aqueous solutions
S. Laurella (2015)
10.1371/journal.pone.0100556
Persistence and Dissipation of Chlorpyrifos in Brassica Chinensis, Lettuce, Celery, Asparagus Lettuce, Eggplant, and Pepper in a Greenhouse
Meng-Xiao Lu (2014)
10.1007/s11270-015-2695-9
Harmful Effects of the Dermal Intake of Commercial Formulations Containing Chlorpyrifos, 2,4-D, and Glyphosate on the Common Toad Rhinella arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae)
R. Lajmanovich (2015)
10.1097/SS.0000000000000174
The Effect of the Soil Properties on Adsorption, Single-Point Desorption, and Degradation of Chlorpyrifos in Two Agricultural Soil Profiles From Colombia
Carmen S. Mosquera-Vivas (2016)
10.1007/s11356-020-08840-y
Co-presence of the anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulphate and the pesticide chlorpyrifos and effects on a natural soil microbial community
T. Pescatore (2020)
10.1007/s11356-020-09392-x
Acute toxicity of chlorpyrifos and its metabolite 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol alone and in combination using a battery of bioassays
Gustavo Echeverri-Jaramillo (2020)
Adsorption and Desorption Characteristics of Bispyribac-Sodium Pesticide in Eight Soil in South of Iraq
Layla Balasem Almalike (2015)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar