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Retrograde Axonal Transport And Nerve Regeneration

M. Bisby
Published 1984 · Chemistry

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The ability of neurons to take up exogenous protein molecules and to transport them in a retrograde direction (i.e., from axon to cell body) enables neuroanatomists to trace neuronal pathways (La Vail, 1978). Toxins (Mellanby and Green, 1981) and certain viruses (K. Kristensson, Chapter 3, this volume) use this route to enter the CNS. The retrograde transport of lectins (e.g., Borges and Sidman, 1982) and neurotransmitters (Streit, 1980) shows that specific components of the neuronal membrane, that is, the receptors for these ligands, are returned to the cell body where they were synthesized originally (Laduron, 1980; Laduron and Janssen, 1982). With the exception of nerve growth factor (NGF) (Schwab et al., 1981), the physiological significance of the retrograde transport of these exogenous molecules remains to be determined, but it is widely believed that the sampling of the axonal environment provided to the cell body by this process has informational significance.
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