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The Family Chromatiaceae

N. Pfennig, H. G. Trüper
Published 1992 · Chemistry

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The Family Chromatiaceae (purple sulfur bacteria) comprises physiologically and genetically closely related species and genera (Fowler et al., 1984) that carry out anoxygenic photosynthesis. The most important and selective environmental factors in their aquatic habitats are anoxic conditions, the presence of hydrogen sulfide, and illumination. The only other groups of phototrophic bacteria that thrive under similar environmental conditions are the Ectothiorhodospiraceae (see Chapter 171) and the Chlorobiaceae (green sulfur bacteria; see Chapter 195). Because they live in the same types of habitats, some discussion of the Chlorobiaceae must be included in this chapter. However, since the Chlorobiaceae are not phylogenetically related to the other anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria (Stackebrandt et al., 1984), they are treated in a separate chapter, Chapter 195.

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