Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

The Role Of Family And Peer Relationships In Adolescent Substance Use.

T. Wills, J. Mariani, Marnie Filer
Published 1996 · Psychology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
This chapter considers how family and peer relationships, respectively, act to decrease or increase adolescents’ likelihood of involvement in substance use. The qualifying word “respectively” indicates that these two types of relationships may serve different roles for adolescents. Support from parents typically is indicated as a protective factor, inversely related to level of adolescent substance use. In contrast, support from peers under some conditions is positively related to substance use. The contrast between results for the parental and peer support systems indicates the theoretical complexity of considering how social networks operate for substance use in general and adolescent substance use in particular (Wills, 1990a) and has implications for the understanding of resilience effects (Haggerty, Sherrod, Garmezy, & Rutter, 1994; Wills, Blechman, & McNamara, 1996). In this chapter, we develop a framework for considering how parental and peer support operate in adolescence, report findings from our research program with adolescents, and discuss implications for the theory of social support. A specific emphasis derived from this research is that parental support has a powerful impact on adolescents’ coping, competence, and self-control ability. We try in this chapter to elucidate the question of why parental support is so important. We also make the point that a problem behavior such as early substance use is best predicted from the interaction of parent and peer support systems and that adolescents seem to be particularly vulnerable when they have a low level of parental support but are strongly immersed in peer social activity.

This paper is referenced by
Are Negative Peer Influences Domain Specific? Examining the Influence of Peers and Parents on Externalizing and Drug Use Behaviors
Ronald B. Jr. Cox (2017)
K. Kasza (2019)
Risk and Protective Factors of Adolescent Drug Use: Implications for Prevention Programs
J. Brook (2006)
Parent-child communication about substance use: Experiences of Latino emerging adults
Kathryn Reid-Quiñones (2011)
Psychiatric and substance use disorders in late adolescence: the role of risk and perceived social support.
J. Beitchman (2005)
Do Older Siblings Make a Difference? The Effects of Older Sibling Support and Older Sibling Adjustment on the Adjustment of Socially Disadvantaged Adolescents.
E. Widmer (2000)
Reactive and proactive aggression in 13 to 15 year-old Singapore adolescents : differential psychosocial correlates, person-environment dynamics and adjustment outcomes.
Dennis M. Y. Kom (2012)
‘Me, my classmates and my buddies’: analysing peer group effects on student marijuana consumption
R. Duarte (2011)
Shifting parenting styles and the effect on juvenile delinquency.
Thomas J. Mowen (2011)
Elucidating Parenting Processes That Influence Adolescent Alcohol Use
Tera Hurt (2013)
The influence of neighborhood disadvantage, collective socialization, and parenting on African American children's affiliation with deviant peers.
G. Brody (2001)
Family support and African American delinquency
Becky L. Tatum (2001)
Sibling cigarette smoking and peer network influences on substance use potential among adolescent: a population based study
S. Mahboubi (2017)
Social Capital as a Moderator of the Relationship Between Perceived Discrimination and Alcohol and Cannabis Use Among Immigrant and Non-immigrant Adolescents in Israel
Sophie D Walsh (2018)
Adolescent perceptions of messages about drugs and drug use from supportive others
Thomas J. Hipper (2012)
An Analysis of Strain and Substance Use Among Youth
J. Mitchell (2006)
Drug Use among African Americans: Ethnic Identity as a Protective Factor
J. Brook (1998)
Socialization, Social Support, and Social Cognitive Theory: An Examination of the Graduate Teaching Assistant.
Kelly Elizabeth Dixon (2012)
Parenting Practices as Moderators of the Relationship between Peers and Adolescent Marijuana Use.
C. Dorius (2004)
The Differential Influence of Disrupted Family Processes by Gender on Behavioral Health Risk in Court-Involved Juveniles
T. L. Collins (2011)
Predictors of Substance Abuse Severity among Adolescents in Residential Treatment for Substance Use Disorders: The Role of Stressors and Social Support
Trevor J. Petersen (2009)
Problem drinking and relatives
E. Maffli (2001)
Smoking onset in adolescence: a person-centered analysis with time-varying predictors.
T. Wills (2004)
Youth and social support : a case study of middle class Jakarta youth
Jane Wilson (2001)
Attitude of Secondary School Students towards Alcohol and Drugs in Relation to their Parenting
Mehtab Singh (2015)
Waiting for the Right One: The Role of Social Proximity and Location in the Decision to Use Cannabis for the First Time
Martin Bouchard (2018)
Is Alcohol Use Developmentally Normative ? Paradoxical Correlates of Older Adolescent Drinking and Implications for Harm Reduction
Tracy A. O'Leary (2002)
Family Factors and Adolescent Substance Use
Thomas Ashby Wills (2003)
Relationships between Adolescent Stress, Depressive Symptoms, Social Support, Coping and Sexual Risk Behavior in Young Adulthood
M. Ghobadzadeh (2017)
Protection and vulnerability processes relevant for early onset of substance use: a test among African American children.
T. Wills (2000)
Resilience as a Theoretical Basis for Substance Abuse Prevention
Laurie L Meschke (2004)
Subjective experience of social change in individual development
G. Trommsdorff (2000)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar