Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Electrochemical Sensors: Practical Approaches

A. Samphao, K. Kalcher
Published 2014 · Computer Science

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
The design and manufacturing of sensors is an important issue for both fields, sensors research and application. For commercialization sensors need to be of constant, reproducible quality and characteristics which are of particular interest for mass-produced one-shot sensors. Apart from these requirements a sufficiently long shelf-lifetime is necessary in order to guarantee the logistic supply with the devices. Sensors research starts usually with laboratory-made or commercially available simple electrodes which are tailored and modified according to the needs and intentions. An important aspect is the miniaturization of sensing devices, which can be achieved by either a diminishing of the dimension of macrosensors or by new concepts of placing micro- and nanosized systems directly on semiconductors and integrating them in the electronic circuits on chips, such as SoC (system on a chip, lab on a chip) and μTAS (micro total analytical system) approaches. In such cases, combination with microsystems and micromachines, also known as MEMS or MOEMS (micro-electro-mechanical systems, micro-optoelectro-mechanical systems), allows the realization of mechanical tasks in more complex analytical approaches, such as pumping, and valve-splitting, in a single microsized chip. Thus, also theoretical considerations concerning micro- and ultramicro-electrodes gain increasing importance. In the chapter here a brief overview is given on the basic transducers and on preparation techniques to create electrochemical sensors. Due to the huge amount of literature in this field, only characteristic examples and review articles are cited.
This paper references
Encyclopedia of Sensors
C. Grimes (2006)
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.239-242.1653
A Novel Electrochemical Impedance Biosensor Based on Plasma-Polymerized Films for Detection of Biotin
Ting Deng (2011)
10.1002/9783527633449.CH4
Soft Lithography and Variants
Elena Martínez (2011)
Atomic layer deposition of nanostructured materials
N. Pinna (2012)
10.1039/c2an35959f
A biosensor fabricated by incorporation of a redox mediator into a carbon nanotube/nafion composite for tyrosinase immobilization: detection of matairesinol, an endocrine disruptor.
Jahangir Ahmad Rather (2013)
10.1016/s0166-526x(08)x0005-4
Advances in flow injection analysis and related techniques
Spas D. Kolev (2008)
10.1002/9780470384053.CH15
Molecular Imprinting for Sensor Applications
Xiangyang Wu (2008)
10.1002/9783527616763.ch4
Flow Modulation Techniques in Electrochemistry
C. Deslouis (2008)
10.1002/smll.200801593
Microelectrode arrays for electrochemistry: approaches to fabrication.
Xing-Jiu Huang (2009)
10.1080/03067310903276282
Sensitive voltammetric determination of gallium in aluminium materials using renewable mercury film silver based electrode
Robert Piech (2011)
10.1002/chin.200343204
The Alkoxide Sol—Gel Route to High‐Surface‐Area Metal Oxides
Margarita Peñarroya Mentruit (2003)
10.1039/C0JM02234A
Composites of functional polymeric hydrogels and porous membranes
Q. Yang (2011)
10.1016/J.REACTFUNCTPOLYM.2012.12.014
Physically crosslinked hydrogels from polysaccharides prepared by freeze–thaw technique
Hongbin Zhang (2013)
10.1021/bm1004838
Chitosan in nanostructured thin films.
F. Pavinatto (2010)
10.1007/S00216-007-1293-0
Biosensors based on screen-printing technology, and their applications in environmental and food analysis
M. Tudorache (2007)
10.1063/1.2210078
Zinc oxide nanocomb biosensor for glucose detection
Jingxian Wang (2006)
10.1039/C2NJ40424A
Catalytic self-assembled monolayers on gold nanoparticles
Grégory Pieters (2012)
10.5640/INSC.020101
Screen-printed electrochemical sensors and biosensors for monitoring metal pollutants
Kevin C.. Honeychurch (2012)
10.1002/elan.1140070103
Sensors based on carbon paste in electrochemical analysis: A review with particular emphasis on the period 1990–1993
K. Kalcher (1995)
10.1007/978-3-540-75645-3_6
Hydrogels for Biosensors
G. Urban (2009)
10.1021/ac60141a600
Carbon Paste Electrodes
R. Adams (1958)
Handbook of nanophysics
K. Sattler (2010)
10.1016/S0166-526X(06)49023-1
Chapter 23 Screen-printed electrochemical (bio)sensors in biomedical, environmental and industrial applications
J. Hart (2007)
10.1016/J.COLSURFA.2011.09.020
Stability: A key issue for self-assembled monolayers on gold as thin-film coatings and nanoparticle protectants
Laongnuan Srisombat (2011)
10.1166/sl.2009.1166
Electrochemical DNA-Hybridisation Detection via Enzymatic Amplification at Microelectrode Array Modified with Polypyrrole-Oligonucleotide Films
Emilie Dubuisson (2009)
10.1201/B13044
Aerospace materials handbook
Sam Zhang (2016)
10.3762/bjnano.1.10
Review and outlook: from single nanoparticles to self-assembled monolayers and granular GMR sensors
Alexander Weddemann (2010)
10.1016/0033-0655(89)80001-9
Film-forming electropolymerization
Zdenka Adamcová (1989)
10.1007/s00216-011-5317-4
Layer-by-layer construction of protein architectures through avidin–biotin and lectin–sugar interactions for biosensor applications
Shigehiro Takahashi (2011)
10.1007/978-3-540-33655-6
MEMS: A Practical Guide to Design, Analysis, and Applications
J. Korvink (2005)
10.1036/1097-8542.800630
Carbon nanotubes
M. Endo (1995)
10.1016/B978-0-444-56331-6.00007-4
Discrimination of Analytes with Fluorescent Molecular Imprinting Sensor Arrays
Jin Tan (2012)
10.1007/s00216-012-6075-7
Synthesis of a monolithic, micro-immobilised enzyme reactor via click-chemistry
Bekir Çelebi (2012)
10.1080/00032719708001812
Flow Injection Determination of Hydrogen Peroxide Using a Carbon Paste Electrode Modified with a Manganese Dioxide Film
K. Schachl (1997)
10.1016/0003-2670(94)90008-X
Electrochemical deposition of avidin on the surface of a platinum electrode for enzyme sensor applications
T. Hoshi (1994)
Conjugated polymer network ultrathin films by electropolymerization of precursor polymers: Polymer design, characterization strategies, and devices
R. Advincula (2002)
10.1007/BF02918535
Biosensors based on polymer networks formed by gamma irradiation crosslinking
W. Heineman (1993)
10.1063/1.2356307
Enzymatic glucose biosensor based on ZnO nanorod array grown by hydrothermal decomposition
A. Wei (2006)
10.1021/LA971336Y
Oriented bacteriorhodopsin/polycation multilayers by electrostatic layer-by-layer assembly
Jinan He (1998)
10.1002/MAME.201200191
Living Radical Polymerization and Molecular Imprinting: Improving Polymer Morphology in Imprinted Polymers
Vishal D. Salian (2013)
10.1021/bc300275z
Covalent attachment of biomacromolecules to plasma-patterned and functionalized carbon nanotube-based devices for electrochemical biosensing.
Joon Hyub Kim (2012)
Screen-printed electrochemical (bio)sensors in biomedical, environmental and industrial applications
J. Hart (2007)
10.3139/217.2005
Inkjet Printing of Conductive and Resistive Coatings
F. V. López (2007)
10.1039/c0cs00139b
The molecular level modification of surfaces: from self-assembled monolayers to complex molecular assemblies.
J. Gooding (2011)
10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2008.01.009
Electron transfer properties and electrocatalytic behavior of tyrosinase on ZnO nanorod
Li-yuan Chen (2008)
Carbon Nanotube Science: Synthesis, Properties and Applications
P. F. Harris (2009)
10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2013.04.003
Renewable silver-amalgam film electrode for voltammetric monitoring of solar photodegradation of imidacloprid in the presence of Fe/TiO2 and TiO2 catalysts
Valéria Guzsvány (2013)
10.1002/9781118019580.CH7
Molecular Imprinting and Sensor Development
Y. Zhang (2011)
10.1002/elan.1140050802
Theory of ultramicroelectrodes
K. Aoki (1993)
10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.09.003
Immobilization strategies to develop enzymatic biosensors.
A. Sassolas (2012)
10.1016/J.PHYSB.2007.08.112
The n-type doping of diamond: Present status and pending questions
M. Pinault (2007)
10.1016/J.PROGPOLYMSCI.2012.09.001
Hydrogels in sensing applications
Daniel Bünger (2012)
10.1016/j.biomaterials.2011.01.007
Challenges for the effective molecular imprinting of proteins.
E. Verheyen (2011)
10.1021/am302989x
Exploration of plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition as a method for thin-film fabrication with biological applications.
Milana C Vasudev (2013)
10.1016/S0003-2670(00)80313-X
Flow injection analysis, 2nd edn. : Wiley, Chichester, 1988 ISBN (0-471-81355-9) xx+498 pp. Price £65.00
J. Ruzicka (1989)
10.1002/elan.1140070104
Carbon paste electrodes modified with enzymes, tissues, and cells
L. Gorton (1995)
10.1016/j.bios.2012.12.006
Label-free electrochemical IgE aptasensor based on covalent attachment of aptamer onto multiwalled carbon nanotubes/ionic liquid/chitosan nanocomposite modified electrode.
S. Khezrian (2013)
10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2010.11.010
A novel paste electrode based on a silver solid amalgam and an organic pasting liquid
Aleš Daňhel (2011)
10.1002/9781118062364.CH15
Fabrication and Application of Ti/BDD for Wastewater Treatment
Xueming Chen (2011)
10.1002/jmr.1150
Molecular imprinting in monolayer surfaces.
S. Balamurugan (2011)
10.1021/CS400118C
Thermoresponsive Hydrogels in Catalysis
F. Hapiot (2013)
10.1002/ELAN.201200435
Voltammetric Determination of Acibenzolar‐S‐Methyl Using a Renewable Silver Amalgam Film Electrode
Dariusz Guziejewski (2012)
Smart Polymer Materials for Biomedical Applications
Songjun Li (2010)
Handbook of hydrogels : properties, preparation & applications
David B. Stein (2009)
10.1163/156856108X295446
Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Surfaces by Electropolymerization of Thiophene and Pyrrole Derivatives
Mael Nicolas (2008)
Functional Materials : Preparation, Processing and Applications
S. Banerjee (2011)
10.1016/j.bios.2008.01.023
Quantitative electrochemiluminescence detection of proteins: Avidin-based sensor and tris(2,2'-bipyridine) ruthenium(II) label.
L. Fang (2008)
10.1063/1.4757907
Crystallinity of inorganic films grown by atomic layer deposition: Overview and general trends
Ville Miikkulainen (2013)
10.1016/J.TRAC.2011.11.005
Molecular imprinting for selective chemical sensing of hazardous compounds and drugs of abuse
P. S. Sharma (2012)
10.1016/0165-9936(87)85012-4
Enzyme-based electrochemical biosensors
R. K. Kobos (1987)
10.1007/978-0-387-88953-5_1
Basic Principles of Sol-Gel Chemistry
J. Livage (2004)
10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2013.02.011
Thiolate monolayers formed on different amalgam electrodes. Part II: Properties and application
Bohdan Josypčuk (2013)
10.1039/C3TA01663C
Polyoxometalates: formation, structures, principal properties, main deposition methods and application in sensing
Malika Ammam (2013)
10.1002/ELAN.201200350
Sensitive Voltammetric Determination of Titanium(IV) in Catalytic Adsorptive Mandelic Acid-Chlorate(V) System on Renewable Silver Amalgam Film Electrode
Robert Piech (2013)
10.1093/IJLCT/CTS001
A review of state-of-the-art aerogel applications in buildings
Saffa Riffat (2013)
10.1002/9783527689897
Functional Supramolecular Architectures
Paolo Samorì (2011)
10.1081/e-escs3-120000633
Electropolymerization at Metal Surfaces
H. Li (2015)
10.1166/JNN.2011.3567
Experimental methods of actuation, characterization and prototyping of hydrogels for bioMEMS/NEMS applications.
Tanzina Khaleque (2011)
10.1201/9780203738764
Standard Potentials in Aqueous Solution
A. Bard (1985)
10.1002/elan.1140020212
Voltammetric behavior of perborate on prussian-blue-modified carbon paste electrodes
A. Boyer (1990)
Handbook of thin film deposition : techniques, processes, and technologies
K. Seshan (2012)
10.1016/j.bios.2008.07.008
Au-nanoparticles as an electrochemical sensing platform for aptamer-thrombin interaction.
E. Suprun (2008)
10.1021/la9608223
2. Assembly of Alternating Polyelectrolyte and Protein Multilayer Films for Immunosensing
F. Caruso (1997)
Functional polymer films
W. Knoll (2011)
10.1007/978-3-642-25498-7_3
Nanotechnology for Diagnostic and Sensing: Soft and Advanced Imaging/Sensing Approaches to Analyze Biomolecules
Alessandra Aloisi (2012)
10.1016/J.TRAC.2008.01.004
Lab-on-valve: a useful tool in biochemical analysis
M. Castro (2008)
10.1007/978-0-387-88953-5
Sol-Gel Technologies for Glass Producers and Users
M. Aegerter (2011)
10.1002/ADFM.201200370
Growth and Properties of Hybrid Organic‐Inorganic Metalcone Films Using Molecular Layer Deposition Techniques
B. H. Lee (2013)
10.1016/j.cis.2012.01.001
State of art in porphyrin Langmuir-Blodgett films as chemical sensors.
G. Giancane (2012)
10.2478/s11532-011-0024-8
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of carboxylic acids: an overview
S. A. Jadhav (2011)
10.1063/1.3601521
Alternating current impedance spectroscopic analysis of biofunctionalized vertically-aligned silica nanospring surface for biosensor applications
Yukta Timalsina (2011)
10.1016/B978-0-444-56331-6.00009-8
Artificial Receptors for Mass-Sensitive Sensors: Targeting Analytes from Surfaces, Nanoparticles, and Bioanalytes by Molecular Imprinting
Naseer Iqbal (2012)
10.1002/1521-3773(20010601)40:11<2004::AID-ANIE2004>3.0.CO;2-5
Click Chemistry: Diverse Chemical Function from a Few Good Reactions.
H. Kolb (2001)
10.1016/S0165-9936(03)00703-9
Screen-printed electrochemical sensors for monitoring metal pollutants
K. C. Honeychurch (2003)
10.1002/3527601651
Microsystem Engineering of Lab-on-a-chip devices.
O. Geschke (2003)
10.1039/C1SM05284E
Oligonucleotide-functionalized hydrogels as stimuli responsive materials and biosensors
J. Liu (2011)
10.1016/S0956-5663(03)00134-9
Fundamentals of Electroanalytical Chemistry
A. Tang (2003)
10.1002/1522-2683(200203)23:5<713::AID-ELPS713>3.0.CO;2-7
On‐chip enzymatic assays
J. Wang (2002)
10.1016/J.SUSC.2011.05.015
Covalent attachment of a peptide to the surface of gallium nitride
Matthew S. Makowski (2011)
10.1016/j.talanta.2011.03.006
Application of renewable silver amalgam annular band electrode to voltammetric determination of vitamins C, B1 and B2.
Bogusław Baś (2011)
10.2174/1385272811317070005
Click-Chemistry in Biocatalysis
José Miguel Palomo (2013)
10.1002/9783527689897.CH10
Soft Lithography for Patterning Self‐Assembling Systems
X. Duan (2014)
10.1016/j.aca.2011.08.044
A novel, ultra sensible biosensor built by layer-by-layer covalent attachment of a receptor for diagnosis of tumor growth.
Z. O. Uygun (2011)
10.1016/S0042-207X(99)00189-X
Magnetron sputtering: a review of recent developments and applications
P. Kelly (2000)
10.1155/2008/638523
Fabrication and characterization of ZnO nanowire arrays with an investigation into electrochemical sensing capabilities
J. Weber (2008)
10.1021/CM202281M
Inorganic Nanoarchitectonics for Biological Applications
K. Ariga (2012)
10.1016/S0166-526X(06)49007-3
Chapter 7 Graphite-epoxy electrodes for stripping analysis
A. Merkoçi (2007)
10.1039/b916888e
Advanced printing and deposition methodologies for the fabrication of biosensors and biodevices.
L. Gonzalez-Macia (2010)
10.1016/J.APSUSC.2011.06.015
Electrochemical DNA biosensor based on avidin–biotin conjugation for influenza virus (type A) detection
Da-Jung Chung (2011)
10.1007/BF00498713
New model of the hanging mercury drop electrode and its application in aqueous and non-aqueous media
W. Kemula (1980)
New approaches in hydrogel synthesis -- Click chemistry: A review
A. Uliniuc (2012)
10.1016/j.aca.2011.04.035
Direct electrochemistry of horseradish peroxidase immobilized on electrografted 4-ethynylphenyl film via click chemistry.
Qin Ran (2011)
10.1016/J.ELECTACTA.2009.07.052
Microscopic and electrochemical characterization of lead film electrode applied in adsorptive stripping analysis
Andrzej Bobrowski (2009)
Generating Micro- and Nanopatterns on Polymeric Materials
Aránzazu del Campo (2011)
10.1093/ajcp/28.3_ts.311
An automatic method for colorimetric analysis.
L. Skeggs (1957)
10.1002/ELAN.200970017
A Decade with Bismuth‐Based Electrodes in Electroanalysis
I. Svancara (2010)
10.2741/1545
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for the development of electrochemical biosensors.
Y. Lin (2005)
10.1002/3527600574
Multilayer Thin Films
Gero Decher (2002)
10.1016/S1389-0352(01)00054-X
Protein modified- and membrane electrodes: strategies for the development of biomolecular sensors.
P. Bianco (2002)
10.1021/CR030076O
New approaches to nanofabrication: molding, printing, and other techniques.
B. D. Gates (2005)
10.1021/bk-2006-0939.ch014
Thermo-sensitive gels : Biodegradable hydrogels from enantiomeric copolymers of poly(lactide) and poly(ethylene glycol)
T. Fujiwara (2006)
10.1039/b910206j
Boron-doped diamond electrode: synthesis, characterization, functionalization and analytical applications.
J. Luong (2009)
10.1021/bm2009137
Clickable enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
L. Canalle (2011)
10.1002/9783527638482.CH5
Self‐Assembled Monolayers: the Development of Functional Nanoscale Films
Andrew C. Jamison (2011)
10.1016/J.ELECOM.2010.03.041
Rapidly renewable silver amalgam annular band electrode for voltammetry and polarography
Bogusław Baś (2010)
10.1201/9780849333668-C2
Conducting Polymer Nanocomposite Membrane as Chemical Sensors
Manoj Ku Ram (2010)
10.1016/0026-265X(92)90011-Q
Injection analysis—From flow-injection analysis to batch-injection analysis
J. Wang (1992)
10.1016/S0003-2670(00)83937-9
Sequential injection : a new concept for chemical sensors, process analysis and laboratory assays
J. Ruzicka (1990)
10.1016/J.TSF.2013.02.019
Sputter deposition of transition-metal carbide films - A critical review from a chemical perspective
U. Jansson (2013)
Renewable Silver-Amalgam Film Electrode for Direct Cathodic SWV Determination of Clothianidin, Nitenpyram and Thiacloprid Neonicotinoid Insecticides Reducible in a Fairly Negative Potential Range
M. Brycht (2012)
10.1007/s00216-011-5696-6
Electrochemically synthesized polymers in molecular imprinting for chemical sensing
P. S. Sharma (2012)
10.1081/AL-120030682
Some Recent Designs and Developments of Screen‐Printed Carbon Electrochemical Sensors/Biosensors for Biomedical, Environmental, and Industrial Analyses
J. Hart (2004)
10.1016/J.TRAC.2011.09.011
New materials for analytical biomimetic assays based on affinity and catalytic receptors prepared by molecular imprinting
Goretti Díaz-Díaz (2012)
10.1007/s10008-012-1806-4
Nafion–ZrO2 nanoparticle–ionic liquid nanobiocomposite for the direct electrochemistry of myoglobin
Chengxiang Ruan (2012)
10.1007/S10008-011-1493-6
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for electrochemical sensing
Daniel Mandler (2011)
10.1021/ac303192r
Electrochemistry and current control in surface films based on silica-azure redox nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, enzymes, and polyelectrolytes.
Sushma Karra (2013)
10.1080/00032719808002850
Sub-micromolar detection of hydrogen peroxide at a peroxidase / tetramethylbenzidine solid carbon paste electrode
D. Compagnone (1998)
10.1016/J.ELECOM.2008.10.046
Ultra-sensitive cholesterol biosensor based on low-temperature grown ZnO nanoparticles
A. Umar (2009)
10.1201/B10450-5
Protein Thin Films: Sensing Elements for Sensors
L. Pastorino (2010)
10.1002/ELAN.200804340
Carbon Paste Electrodes in Facts, Numbers, and Notes: A Review on the Occasion of the 50‐Years Jubilee of Carbon Paste in Electrochemistry and Electroanalysis
I. Svancara (2009)
10.1080/10426919708935200
Sol-Gel Methods for Oxide Coatings
L. Francis (1997)
10.1021/ar200020s
Multidentate adsorbates for self-assembled monolayer films.
Pawilai Chinwangso (2011)
10.1007/978-94-011-3210-7
Microelectrodes: Theory and Applications
M. I. Montenegro (1991)
10.1021/ar200260p
The chemistry of the sulfur-gold interface: in search of a unified model.
E. Pensa (2012)
10.1038/nnano.2010.4
Cold welding of ultrathin gold nanowires.
Y. Lu (2010)
10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2011.10.009
A strategy for signal amplification using an amperometric enzyme immunosensor based on HRP modified platinum nanoparticles
Chenglin Hong (2012)
10.1021/la3018858
Direct electrochemistry of Phanerochaete chrysosporium cellobiose dehydrogenase covalently attached onto gold nanoparticle modified solid gold electrodes.
H. Matsumura (2012)
10.1002/JCTB.2688
Vinylferrocene copolymers based biosensors for phenol derivatives
Fuat Dursun (2012)
10.2116/ANALSCI.28.929
Layer-by-layer thin films and microcapsules for biosensors and controlled release.
Katsuhiko Sato (2012)
10.1039/c004908e
Supramolecular hydrogel-based protein and chemosensor array.
Masato Ikeda (2010)
10.1039/b916774a
Non-covalent biofunctionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes via biotin attachment by π-stacking interactions and pyrrole polymerization.
Raoudha Haddad (2009)
10.1021/LA7026303
Azide-derivatized gold nanorods: functional materials for "click" chemistry.
A. Gole (2008)
10.1039/C2CE25624J
Multi-component oxide nanosystems by Chemical Vapor Deposition and related routes: challenges and perspectives
D. Bekermann (2012)
Theoretical Descriptions of Carbon Nanotubes Synthesis in a Chemical Vapor Deposition Reactor: A Review
M. Lubej (2012)
Amino-functionalization of multi-wall carbon nanotubes and their used in electrochemical glucose sensors
Shang Zhi-hang (2011)
10.1002/9780470661345.SMC147
Chemisorbed Self-Assembled Monolayers
Omar Azzaroni (2012)
10.1002/PSSB.201200134
Chemical vapor deposition of carbon nanotube forests
John Robertson (2012)
10.1016/j.bios.2010.08.068
Highly stable enzyme precipitate coatings and their electrochemical applications.
Byoung Chan Kim (2011)
10.1016/J.REACTFUNCTPOLYM.2006.04.005
Immobilization of GOD on electrochemically synthesized Ppy–PVS composite film by cross-linking via glutaraldehyde for determination of glucose
V. Gade (2006)
10.1016/j.bios.2008.03.025
Porous nanosheet-based ZnO microspheres for the construction of direct electrochemical biosensors.
Xianbo Lu (2008)
10.4324/9780203223697_CHAPTER_16
New Trends and Developments
A. Warszawski (1999)
10.1021/AR300203N
Review of chemical vapor deposition of graphene and related applications.
Y. Zhang (2013)
10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2007.09.033
Effects of different self-assembled monolayers on enzyme immobilization procedures in peroxidase-based biosensor development
R. K. Mendes (2008)
10.1039/C1SM05596H
Chemically well-defined self-assembled monolayers for cell culture: toward mimicking the natural ECM.
G. A. Hudalla (2011)
10.1016/J.ELECOM.2005.11.014
Multilayered construction of glucose oxidase and gold nanoparticles on Au electrodes based on layer-by-layer covalent attachment
W. Yang (2006)
10.1007/978-1-60327-106-6_3
Rapid prototyping of microstructures by soft lithography for biotechnology.
D. B. Wolfe (2010)
10.1016/S0165-9936(00)00032-7
Self-assembled monolayers: a versatile tool for the formulation of bio-surfaces
S. Ferretti (2000)
Molecular recognition and polymers : control of polymer structure and self-assembly
V. Rotello (2008)
10.1016/J.SNB.2009.09.024
Ink-jet printing technique in polymer/carbon black sensing device fabrication
F. Loffredo (2009)
10.1007/978-1-4899-0112-5_57
Smart Thin Films via the Sol-Gel Route
J. Livage (1998)
10.1002/9783527646746.CH40
Controlled Architectures in LbL Films for Sensing and Biosensing
Osvaldo Oliveira (2012)
10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.07.002
Molecular imprinting in sol-gel matrix.
Radha Gupta (2008)
Screen-printed carbon electrodes bulk-modified with Bi2O3 or Sb2O3 for trace determination of some heavy metals
R. Pauliukaitė (2005)
10.1039/AN994190001R
Past, present and future contributions of microelectrodes to analytical studies employing voltammetric detection. A review
A. Bond (1994)
10.1088/0022-3727/27/8/001
Oxide superconductor and magnetic metal thin film deposition by pulsed laser ablation: a review
T. Jackson (1994)
10.1021/ac801289t
Simultaneous multiselective spectroelectrochemical sensing of the interaction between protein and its ligand using the redox dye Nile blue as a label.
H. Kuramitz (2008)
10.1021/ac00261a723
Flow injection analysis
J. Růžička (1981)
10.1016/j.talanta.2007.07.014
Electrochemical pesticide sensitivity test using acetylcholinesterase biosensor based on colloidal gold nanoparticle modified sol-gel interface.
D. Du (2008)
Encyclopedia of Surface And Colloid Science
P. Somasundaran (2006)
10.1039/AN9941900299
Voltammetric behaviour of thallium (III) at a solid heterogeneous carbon electrode using ion-pair formation
W. Diewald (1994)
10.1002/9783527623259
Advances in Flow Analysis
M. Trojanowicz (2008)
10.5772/39417
Chemical Vapour Deposition of CNTs Using Structural Nanoparticle Catalysts
G. N. Ayre (2010)
10.1002/ELAN.201200478
Renewable Silver‐Amalgam Film Electrode for Rapid Square‐Wave Voltammetric Determination of Thiamethoxam Insecticide in Selected Samples
Maria Putek (2012)
10.1002/ELAN.201200317
Normal Pulse Voltammetric Determination of Subnanomolar Concentrations of Chromium(VI) with Continuous Wavelet Transformation
Bogusław Baś (2012)
10.1039/c2cc37974k
"One-pot" fabrication of clickable monoliths for enzyme reactors.
Minghuo Wu (2013)
10.1126/science.272.5258.85
Imprint Lithography with 25-Nanometer Resolution
S. Chou (1996)
10.1201/9781439823798.ch1
Fundamentals of Electrochemistry
V. Bagotsky (2005)
10.1002/ELAN.201200053
Novel Amperometric Hydrogen Peroxide Biosensor Based on Horseradish Peroxidase Azide Covalently Immobilized on Ethynyl-Modified Screen-Printed Carbon Electrode via Click Chemistry
A. Hayat (2012)
10.1007/s00216-012-6276-0
Novel sensor based on carbon paste/Nafion® modified with gold nanoparticles for the determination of glutathione
Nada Farouk Atta (2012)
10.1007/12_2010_87
Self-Assembled Monolayers as Dynamic Model Substrates for Cell Biology
Abigail Pulsipher (2010)
10.1533/9780857096210.1.3
Technologies for printed films
Maria Prudenziati (2012)
10.1016/B978-0-12-385142-0.00002-7
Conducting Polymer Sensors, Actuators and Field-Effect Transistors
J. V. Yakhmi (2012)
10.1038/nnano.2009.457
Engineered biological nanofactories trigger quorum sensing response in targeted bacteria.
R. Fernandes (2010)
10.1246/cl.1993.1231
Electrochemical Preparation of Active Avidin Films for Enzyme Sensor Applications
J. Anzai (1993)
10.1039/c0cs00084a
Recent advances in molecular imprinting technology: current status, challenges and highlighted applications.
L. Chen (2011)
10.1039/A807124A
The mechanisms of pyrrole electropolymerization
S. Sadki (2000)
10.1016/b978-0-444-51958-0.x5000-9
Handbook of Electrochemistry
C. G. Zoski (2006)
10.1002/9783527630592.CH2
Mechanisms of Electropolymerization and Redox Activity: Fundamental Aspects
Mikhail A. Vorotyntsev (2010)
10.1021/la00026a020
Assembly, structural characterization, and thermal behavior of layer-by-layer deposited ultrathin films of poly(vinyl sulfate) and poly(allylamine)
Y. Lvov (1993)
10.1016/B978-0-08-092631-5.50010-5
Self-assembled monolayers
A. Ulman (1991)
10.1016/c2009-0-64359-2
Handbook of Thin Film Deposition
K. Seshan (2002)
10.1016/j.bios.2012.09.017
A surface-initiated enzymatic polymerization strategy for electrochemical DNA sensors.
Ying Wan (2013)
10.1007/978-3-540-88552-8_15
Nanobiotechnology: soft lithography.
Elisa Mele (2009)
10.2174/157341111793797626
Layer-by-Layer Polyelectrolyte Assembles Involving DNA as a Platform for DNA Sensors
Gennady A. Evtugyn and Tibor Hianik (2011)
10.1201/9781420005042
Sensors for Chemical and Biological Applications
Manoj Kumar Ram (2010)
10.1039/c2nr00025c
One-dimensional hybrid nanostructures: synthesis via layer-by-layer assembly and applications.
Ning Du (2012)
10.1016/J.MSEC.2008.04.010
Applications of polymers for biomolecule immobilization in electrochemical biosensors
F. Teles (2008)
10.1002/ELAN.200704060
Composite Assembly of Silver Nanoparticles with Avidin and Biotinylated AChE on Gold for the Pesticidal Electrochemical Sensing
X. Huang (2008)
10.1039/C2TC00255H
Inkjet printing of organic electronics – comparison of deposition techniques and state-of-the-art developments
A. Teichler (2013)
10.1016/J.CIS.2006.04.001
Sol-gel based surface modification of electrodes for electro analysis.
S. V. Aurobind (2006)
10.4314/AJB.V8I19.62443
Recent advance in the support and technology used in enzyme immobilization
Tian Xie (2009)
10.1016/j.ab.2008.05.004
Fabrication of disposable sensors for biomolecule detection using hydrazine electrocatalyst.
Muhammad J. A. Shiddiky (2008)
10.1007/978-3-540-75645-3_7
Hydrogels for Actuators
A. Richter (2009)
10.1021/BK-2012-1107.CH011
Highly Swellable Lignin Hydrogels: Novel Materials with Interesting Properties
Lars Passauer (2012)
10.2116/ANALSCI.28.77
Multiplexed assay for proteins based on sequestration electrochemistry using the protein binding electroactive magnetic microbeads.
Hideki Kuramitz (2012)
10.1016/J.MSEC.2011.05.007
Electrochemical and optical sugar sensors based on phenylboronic acid and its derivatives
Yuya Egawa (2011)
10.1002/9781118019580
Chemosensors: Principles, Strategies, and Applications
Binghe Wang (2011)
Development of electrochemical biosensor for formaldehyde determination based on immobilized enzyme
Nur Indang Marzuki (2012)
Ceramics and composites processing methods
N. Bansal (2012)
10.1039/c0cs00056f
Immobilization of bio-macromolecules on self-assembled monolayers: methods and sensor applications.
Debasis Samanta (2011)
Flux pinning and AC loss studies on YBCO coated conductors
M. P. Paranthaman (2007)
10.1016/j.addr.2011.05.011
Introduction to nanocoatings produced by layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly.
M. D. de Villiers (2011)
10.1002/ELAN.200704106
Renewable Copper and Silver Amalgam Film Electrodes of Prolonged Application for the Determination of Elemental Sulfur Using Stripping Voltammetry
R. Piech (2008)
10.1016/S0928-4931(02)00221-7
Nanoimprint lithography: An alternative nanofabrication approach
C. Torres (2003)
10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.09.005
Potential applications of enzymes immobilized on/in nano materials: A review.
S. Ansari (2012)
10.1002/9780470661345
Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials
Philip A. Gale (2012)
10.1201/b11478
Electroanalysis with Carbon Paste Electrodes
K. Vytras (2012)
10.1016/0040-6090(92)90417-A
Buildup of ultrathin multilayer films by a self-assembly process: III. Consecutively alternating adsorption of anionic and cationic polyelectrolytes on charged surfaces
G. Decher (1992)
10.1088/0022-3727/40/20/S21
Diamond for bio-sensor applications
C. Nebel (2007)
10.1016/J.BIOS.2005.10.027
Electrochemical biosensors: towards point-of-care cancer diagnostics.
J. Wang (2006)
10.1016/J.CARBON.2013.02.046
Current understanding of the growth of carbon nanotubes in catalytic chemical vapour deposition
V. Jourdain (2013)
10.1246/cl.1978.1231
Synthesis of glycine by the ammonolysis of tetrachloroethane and trichloroethylene.
Masami Inoue (1978)
10.1071/CH11397
Towards the Development of a Direct Electrochemical Biodetector of Avidin Based on the Poly(chloro amino-β-styryl terthiophene)-Coated Glassy Carbon Electrode
Hakim Mehenni (2007)
10.2174/157341112803216843
Electrochemical Biosensor Immobilization of Formaldehyde Dehydrogenase with Nafion for Determination of Formaldehyde from Indian Mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) Fish
NurIndang Marzuki (2012)
10.1166/NNL.2012.1474
The Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Grown on Metal Substrates: A Review
Justin J. Nguyen (2012)
10.1139/V11-160
Development of an avidin sensor based on the poly(methoxy amino-β-styryl terthiophene)-coated glassy carbon electrode
MehenniHakim (2012)
10.1002/elan.1140030903
The use of electropolymerization to produce new sensing surfaces: A review emphasizing electrode position of heteroaromatic compounds
M. Imisides (1991)
10.1080/00032710802677159
Novel Uric Acid Sensor Based on Enzyme Electrode Modified by ZnO Nanoparticles and Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes
Y. Wang (2009)
10.1016/J.ACA.2004.05.070
Immobilization of uricase on ZnO nanorods for a reagentless uric acid biosensor
F. Zhang (2004)
10.1002/9783527628940.CH20
Molecular Imprinting with Nanomaterials
K. Flavin (2010)
10.1002/cbic.201200226
Patterned Self‐Assembled Monolayers: Efficient, Chemically Defined Tools for Cell Biology
J. Koepsel (2012)
10.1016/j.chroma.2011.09.002
Vinyl functionalized silica hybrid monolith-based trypsin microreactor for on line digestion and separation via thiol-ene "click" strategy.
Yingzhuang Chen (2011)
10.1002/elan.1140020603
Chemically modified carbon paste electrodes in voltammetric analysis
K. Kalcher (1990)
10.1117/3.821384.ch13
Optical lithography
F. Dill (1975)
10.1201/B13722
Carbon Nanomaterials for Gas Adsorption
Maria Letizia Terranova (2012)
10.1201/b13722-4
Hydrogen storage in carbon aerogels
Hu-Yong Tian (2012)
10.1007/s00604-011-0683-3
Molecular imprinting for anion recognition in aqueous media
Xiangyang Wu (2011)
Molecularly imprinted sensors : overview and applications
Songjun Li (2013)
10.1002/9781118176665.CH8
Chemical Vapor Deposition of Structural Ceramics and Composites
Tsuneaki Goto (2012)
10.1002/9783527646746.CH4
Novel Multilayer Thin Films: Hierarchic Layer‐by‐Layer (Hi‐LbL) Assemblies
Katsuhiko Ariga (2012)
10.1016/j.talanta.2010.11.024
Covalent immobilization of horseradish peroxidase via click chemistry and its direct electrochemistry.
Qin Ran (2011)
10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2011.09.011
Enhanced stability of a nanostructured cytochrome c biosensor by PEGylation
Lenibel Santiago-Rodríguez (2011)
10.1166/JNN.2008.116
ZnO nanonails: synthesis and their application as glucose biosensor.
Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah Umar (2008)
10.1016/J.TRAC.2004.12.004
Sequential-injection analysis (SIA): A useful tool for on-line sample-handling and pre-treatment
A. Economou (2005)
10.1002/elan.1140060802
Screen‐printed voltammetric and amperometric electrochemical sensors for decentralized testing
J. Hart (1994)
10.1039/c2cs35264h
Supramolecular polymeric hydrogels.
E. Appel (2012)
10.1039/c2cs35103j
Enzyme-responsive polymeric assemblies, nanoparticles and hydrogels.
Jinming Hu (2012)
Hydrogel micro and nanoparticles
L. Lyon (2012)
10.1021/ar200096g
Bioelectrochemical interface engineering: toward the fabrication of electrochemical biosensors, biofuel cells, and self-powered logic biosensors.
M. Zhou (2011)
10.1016/j.talanta.2008.11.018
Highly-sensitive cholesterol biosensor based on well-crystallized flower-shaped ZnO nanostructures.
A. Umar (2009)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar