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Biomechanics Of The Growing Cervical Spine

John W Kemppainen, B. Yaszay
Published 2018 · Medicine

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The growing skeleton has distinct structural features that distinguish it from the adults, and few places is this more true than in the cervical spine, where characteristics such as increased ligament laxity, developing bony anatomy, and the presence of growth centers create a unique biomechanical environment. As an example, radiographic findings that are abnormal in an adult—such as pseudosubluxation—may be normal in children, and differentiating age-dependent normal from pathologic states can be difficult for the inexperienced or uninformed physician. An understanding of clinically relevant biomechanical principles of the immature cervical spine is, therefore, essential for any physician treating spine pathology in children.
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