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India’s Kidney Belt And Medical Tourism: A Double-edged Sword

K. D. Looze
Published 2016 · Medicine

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This chapter looks at some of the difficulties that arise in the process of implementing national policies that deal with organ donation and organ transplantation in local contexts. It particularly focuses on the pressures that emerge from international discourse on organ transplantation that limit the capacity of local governments to think and act outside of the box to address local circumstances. As a case in point I discuss the situation in India. This article is based on 18 months of fieldwork which I conducted in the country. The Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA) was implemented in India in 1994 with the aim to alleviate organ shortage. This Act has its roots in Universalist ethics based on Euro-American preferences that have sought to discourage organ sale and encourage cadaveric organ donation.
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