Arbuscular Mycorrhiza: A Tool For Enhancing Crop Production
S. Sharma, A. Sharma, R. Prasad, A. Varma
Published 2017 · Environmental Science
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Soil microbes play a crucial role in determining many key components such as soil fertility, soil biodiversity and plant health. Due to excessive use of intensive agricultural practices like high inputs of pesticides, insecticides and inorganic fertilizers, the existence of these soil microbes having promising characteristics have become marginalized. However, in today’s time introduction of environmental protection programs have created much awareness in many countries, including India, and intensive agricultural pattern is shifting towards low input (sustainable) agricultural regimes. Low input (sustainable) agriculture systems includes minimizing the use of mineral fertilizers, chemical pesticides and other such products and promoting organic and low cost methods into the agricultural system for better yield and protection against diseases. It is therefore, of vital importance for us to understand and manipulate the naturally occurring microorganisms for better crop productivity and establishment of sustainable agro-ecosystems. Characterization of beneficial soil microbes would be an important step towards understanding such below ground interactions. The focus of this chapter is upon understanding the functioning of Arbuscular mycorrhizae, its ecological significance and possible role in enhancing crop production.
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