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Laser Micro And Nano Processing Of Metals , Ceramics , And Polymers

W. Pfleging, R. Kohler, I. Südmeyer, M. Rohde
Published 2013 · Materials Science

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Laser -based material processing is well investigated for structuring , modification , and bonding of metals , ceramics , glasses, and polymers . Especially for material processing on micrometer, and nanometer scale laser-assisted processes will very likely become more prevalent as lasers offer more cost-effective solutions for advanced material research, and application. Laser ablation , and surface modification are suitable for direct patterning of materials and their surface properties. Lasers allow rapid prototyping and small-batch manufacturing . They can also be used to pattern moving substrates, permitting fly-processing of large areas at reasonable speed. Different types of laser processes such as ablation, modification, and welding can be successfully combined in order to enable a high grade of bulk and surface functionality. Ultraviolet lasers favored for precise and debris-free patterns can be generated without the need for masks, resist materials, or chemicals. Machining of materials, for faster operation, thermally driven laser processes using NIR and IR laser radiation, could be increasingly attractive for a real rapid manufacturing .
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