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Lithium-ion Battery Recycling

Frank Treffer
Published 2018 · Environmental Science

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After a long hiatus, research on electric vehicles with battery energy storage systems was taken up again in the early 1980s. Developing low-cost batteries with a high power and energy density was and still is an important focus of such research. Lithium-ion batteries, which currently dominate in many consumer electronics applications such as laptops, represent a battery type that is able to achieve an acceptable range of up to 250 km in electric vehicles with a “still acceptable” battery weight of around 300 kg. For several years now, intensive research to further improve this technology has been promoted in both the private and the public sector.

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