Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Growth Abnormalities Associated With Micropropagation Of Date Palm

Nasser Salih Al-Khalifah, Ejaz Askari
Published 2011 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Traditionally date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is propagated through offshoots but limited numbers bar their wide distribution. With the advent of tissue culture massive expansion of elite cultivars was made possible, but commercially in vitro plants were introduced only in the last two decades. Propagation of date palm through tissue culture generally results in true-to-type plants but some off-types with abnormal phenotypes also develop due to somaclonal variation caused by genetic and/or epigenetic changes during the tissue culture process. In tissue culture-derived date palm many off-type phenotypes are detected that include stunted or severely retarded growth, leaves with wide leaflets, variegated leaves, malformation of inflorescence, abnormal flowers, abnormal multiple carpels and low levels of fruit set. Off-types with genetic changes may be produced due to excessive plant multiplication cycles and growth regulators used to get a maximum number of plants from a single mother plant. Interestingly many of these off-types appear in the plants at maturity thus escaping the selection and screening at an early stage. It is therefore important that appropriate quality assurance tests are performed both at the molecular and morphological levels to ensure true-to-typeness. Since phenotypic identification of off-types is not reliable at early growth stages of tissue culture-derived plants, identification at the molecular level, isozyme and DNA, is inevitably the solution. The use of hormones as a remedy to abnormalities is also discussed.
This paper references
10.1080/14620316.2004.11511853
Flower abnormalities cause abnormal fruit setting in tissue culture-propagated date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
Y. Cohen (2004)
10.2307/2401855
Evolution of Crop Plants.
W. Williams (1977)
10.1007/BF00220965
Physiological aspects of genome variability in tissue culture. II. Growth phase-dependent quantitative variability of repetitive BstNI fragments of primary cultures of Daucus carota L.
B. Arnholdt-Schmitt (2004)
Date palm cultivation.
A. Zaid (1999)
10.1021/BK-2002-0829.CH008
DNA Microchip Technology in the Plant Tissue Culture Industry
Karl J. Kunert (2002)
10.1007/s002999900177
Somaclonal variation in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.): the DNA methylation hypothesis
E. Jaligot (2000)
Origine de la culture du palmier-dattier et sa propagation en Afrique : notes historiques sur les principales palmeraies africaines
Pierre Munier (1981)
10.1007/BF00332926
Putative homozygous mutations in regenerated plants of rice
K. Oono (2004)
10.1007/BF00267457
Reactivation of a silent Ac following tissue culture is associated with heritable alterations in its methylation pattern
R. I. Brettell (2004)
10.1079/IVP2002317
Occurrence of chromosomal variations and plant regeneration from long-term-cultured citrus callus
Y. Hao (2007)
10.1111/j.1399-3054.1991.tb05094.x
Changes in the structure of ovary tissues and in the ultrastructure of mesocarp cells during ovary senescence or fruit development induced by plant growth substances in Pisum sativum
Y. Vercher (1991)
10.1093/jxb/30.6.1275
Propagation of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in vitro
B. Tisserat (1979)
10.1007/BF00337777
A tissue culture induced Adh1 null mutant of maize results from a single base change
E. Dennis (2004)
10.17660/ACTAHORTIC.2006.725.90
In vitro culture and genetic analysis of male and female date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
N. Al-Khalifah (2006)
10.1016/S0304-4238(00)00244-2
Silver nitrate and 2-isopentyladenine promote somatic embryogenesis in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
J. M. Al-Khayri (2001)
10.1104/PP.121.2.437
Genetic analysis of growth-regulator-induced parthenocarpy in Arabidopsis.
A. Vivian-Smith (1999)
10.1007/978-94-015-9125-6
Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutations in Crop Improvement
S. Jain (1998)
10.2307/4110478
A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae)
S. Barrow (1998)
Fruit development is actively restricted in the absence of fertilization in Arabidopsis.
A. Vivian-Smith (2001)
10.1139/b82-184
Floral development in Phoenix dactylifera
D. A. Mason (1982)
10.1016/J.SCIENTA.2004.04.015
A simplified PCR test for early detection of dwarf off-types in micropropagated Cavendish bananas (Musa spp. AAA)
C. Ramage (2004)
10.1007/BF00226202
Genetic and molecular analysis of tissue-culture-derived Ac elements
V. Peschke (1991)
10.1046/j.1365-313X.1992.t01-5-00999.x
Temporal and spatial expression of a thiolprotease gene during pea ovary senescence, and its regulation by gibberellin.
A. Granell (1992)
10.1023/A:1026755913034
Detection of Somaclonal Variations in Tissue Culture-Derived Date Palm Plants Using Isoenzyme Analysis and RAPD Fingerprints
M. Saker (2004)
10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60256-4
Tissue Culture-Induced Variation and Crop Improvement
R. Duncan (1996)
10.1104/pp.114.2.557
Pollination Increases Gibberellin Levels in Developing Ovaries of Seeded Varieties of Citrus
W. Ben-Cheikh (1997)
Abnormal flower development in oil palm clones.
R. Corley (1986)
The early development of inflorescences and flowers of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) seen through the scanning electron microscope
W. V. Heel (1987)
10.2307/4103098
The major groups of palms and their distribution.
H. E. Moore (1973)
10.1073/pnas.93.15.7783
Retrotransposons of rice involved in mutations induced by tissue culture.
H. Hirochika (1996)
10.1016/0168-9452(94)90252-6
Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivar identification by RFLP and RAPD
B. Corniquel (1994)
10.1016/0304-4238(85)90123-2
Propagating palms in vitro with special emphasis on the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.).
M. F. Gabr (1985)
10.1080/12538078.2003.10515419
Action de l'acide indole butyrique sur l'enracinement des jeunes rejets de Palmier dattier
A. Qaddoury (2003)
10.1007/978-94-011-4661-6_61
Molecular and Field Analysis of Somaclonal Variation in Transgenic Plants
F. Sala (1999)
10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a085939
A Histological Study of Development of Adventive Embryos in Organ Cultures of Phoenix dactylifera L.
B. Tisserat (1980)
10.1111/j.1399-3054.1990.tb06759.x
Hormonal changes associated with fruit set and development in mandarins differing in their parthenocarpic ability
M. Talón (1990)
In vitro germination of somatic embryos in date palm: Effect of auxin concentration and strength of MS salts
J. M. Al-Khayri (2003)
Ph
李幼升 (1989)
10.1104/pp.99.4.1575
Gibberellins and parthenocarpic ability in developing ovaries of seedless mandarins.
M. Talón (1992)
10.1016/0168-9525(89)90021-8
Somaclonal variation--genetic basis and breeding applications.
D. A. Evans (1989)
10.1007/BF00037263
In vitro culture of female date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) tissues
D. Sharma (2004)
10.1007/s10535-006-0007-3
Monitoring of cultivar identity in tissue culture-derived date palms using RAPD and AFLP analysis
M. Saker (2006)
10.1007/BF00028323
Factors involved in the production of plantlets from date palm callus cultures
B. Tisserat (1982)
10.1023/A:1023911927116
Stress and aberrant phenotypes in vitro culture
S. M. Joyce (2004)
10.17660/ACTAHORTIC.2007.736.8
EARLY DETECTION OF GENETIC VARIATION IN DATE PALMS PROPAGATED FROM TISSUE CULTURE AND OFFSHOOTS BY DNA FINGERPRINTING
N. Al-Khalifah (2007)
10.1007/s00122-002-0906-4
Methylation-sensitive RFLPs: characterisation of two oil palm markers showing somaclonal variation-associated polymorphism
E. Jaligot (2002)
10.1007/978-1-4020-6352-7_46
Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Micropropagation
J. M. Al-Khayri (2007)
10.1146/annurev.pp.36.060185.002505
Gibberellins and Reproductive Development in Seed Plants
R. Pharis (1985)
CRC Handbook of Fruit Set and Development
S. P. Monselise (1986)
10.1105/tpc.5.10.1439
Fruits: A Developmental Perspective.
G. Gillaspy (1993)
10.1007/s00299-002-0558-5
An optimised protocol for plant regeneration from embryogenic suspension cultures of date palm, Phoenix dactylifera L., cv. Deglet Nour
L. Fki (2003)
10.1007/s004250050088
The role of gibberellins A1 and A3 in fruit growth of Pisum sativum L. and the identification of gibberellins A4 and A7 in young seeds
M. Rodrigo (1997)
10.17660/ACTAHORTIC.2007.763.20
GENETIC ANALYSIS OF ABNORMAL FRUITING IN TISSUE CULTURE-DERIVED TREES OF DATE PALM 'BARHY' GROWN IN SAUDI ARABIA
Nasser Salih Al-Khalifah (2007)
10.1007/978-94-011-0357-2_35
Somaclonal variation as a tool for crop improvement
A. Karp (1995)
10.1055/S-2005-837494
Parthenocarpic fruit development in tomato.
B. Gorguet (2005)
Coconut and date palm.
A. Benbadis (1992)
Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera Linn.) w Khadravi through tissue culture
D. Sharma (1984)
10.1111/j.1399-3054.1978.tb02543.x
Effects of Organic Nutrients and Hormones on Growth and Development of Tissue Explants from Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and Date (Phoenix dactylifera) Palms Cultured in vitro
C. J. Eeuwens (1978)
10.1007/BF00226117
Activation of the maize transposable element Suppressor-mutator (Spm) in tissue culture
V. Peschke (2004)
10.1007/s11627-001-0079-x
Optimization of biotin and thiamine requirements for somatic embryogenesis of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
J. M. Al-Khayri (2001)
Domestication of plants in the old world
D. Zohary (1987)
10.21273/JASHS.130.1.46
Genetic variation in date palms propagated from offshoots and tissue culture
V. Gurevich (2005)
10.1146/ANNUREV.ARPLANT.55.031903.141641
DNA methylation and epigenetics.
J. Bender (2004)
10.1023/A:1004124519479
Tissue culture-derived variation in crop improvement
S. Jain (2004)
Biotechnology of perennial fruit crops.
F. Hammerschlag (1992)
10.9755/EJFA.V14I1.5277
TECHNIQUES FOR DETERMINATION OF TRUE-TO-TYPE DATE PALM (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA L.) PLANTS: A LITERATURE REVIEW
K. J. Kunert (2003)
10.1007/s00122-003-1369-y
Molecular phylogeny of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars from Saudi Arabia by DNA fingerprinting
N. Al-Khalifah (2003)
10.1023/A:1010692104861
Oxidative stress and physiological, epigenetic and genetic variability in plant tissue culture: implications for micropropagators and genetic engineers
A. Cassells (2004)
10.1023/A:1014441324726
Morphological variations and isoenzyme polymorphism of date palm clones from in vitro culture acclimatized and established on soil in South Morocco
M. Azeqour (2004)
10.1111/j.1095-8339.1980.tb01679.x
The occurrence and structure of apparently bisexual flowers in the date palm, Phoenix dactylifera L. (Arecaceae)
D. Demason (1980)
10.1007/978-94-011-4661-6
Plant Biotechnology and In Vitro Biology in the 21st Century
A. Altman (1999)
10.1007/BF00305823
DNA methylation of embryogenic carrot cell cultures and its variations as caused by mutation, differentiation, hormones and hypomethylating drugs
F. Loschiavo (1989)
10.1007/BF02041963
Gibberellins inCitrus sinensis: A comparison between seeded and seedless varieties
M. Talón (2005)
10.2307/2806109
Handbook of Plant Cell Culture
S. Mante (1985)
In vitro culture of female date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
Ankush Gupta (2008)
10.1007/s004380000387
Tnt1 transposition events are induced by in vitro transformation of Arabidopsis thaliana, and transposed copies integrate into genes
B. Courtial (2001)
10.1007/s00122-004-1717-6
DNA-methylation alterations and exchanges during in vitro cellular differentiation in rose (Rosa hybrida L.)
M. Xu (2004)
10.1023/A:1006423110134
Epigenetic aspects of somaclonal variation in plants
S. Kaeppler (2004)
10.1007/978-3-642-61535-1_9
Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
R. Branton (1989)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar