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Date Palm Tissue Culture: A Pathway To Rural Development

K. S. Rajmohan
Published 2011 · Geography
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Date palm, being a crop of the arid and marginal lands, has an integral relationship with the life of the rural people. It has excellent potential for improving the rural sector, and contributing to the economic, social and cultural aspects of rural areas. Various primary and secondary products of date palm add to the economic and social security of the people. Date palm cultivation helps generate considerable opportunities for rural employment, ensures livelihood and food security of the rural masses and facilitates eco-restoration. It can act as a catalyst for the development of the rural sector in the arid regions. Large-scale scientific cultivation of date palm in traditional and non-traditional areas necessitates quality planting materials in sufficient quantity. Tissue-culture propagation ensures rapid multiplication and establishment of true-to-type plants of elite cultivars. It is an effective and efficient alternative for conventional vegetative propagation. Research and development work to design viable protocols for the tissue-culture propagation of leading commercial cultivars of date palm has been undertaken at various centers. Several commercial agencies are involved in the large-scale multiplication and distribution of date palm using in vitro techniques. Tissue-culture technology, its potential and impact on rural development and the efforts for large-scale cultivation of date palm using tissue culture plants in the arid regions of India are discussed.

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