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The Electro-mechanical Delay Of The Erector Spinae Muscle: Influence Of Rate Of Force Development, Fatigue And Electrode Location

J. Dieën, C. Thissen, A. V. D. Ven, H. Toussaint
Published 2004 · Mathematics, Medicine

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SummaryElectro-mechanical delay (EMD) values of the erector spinae muscle were obtained using a technique based on the cross-correlation between the force and the electromyogram (EMG). Seven subjects performed a series of 20 submaximal dynamic isometric contractions in a seated position at two frequencies (0.5 Hz and 1 Hz) to study the influence of the rate of force development on EMD. Mean EMD values of 125.7 (SD 28.1) ms (1 Hz) and 136.8 (SD 28.6) ms (0.5 Hz) were shown to differ significantly (P=0.02). This finding supports the hypothesis that EMD is inversely related to the rate of force development and implies that the time to stretch the series elastic component is an important factor determining EMD. After performing a series of fatiguing contractions EMD did not differ significantly from the control value. Multiple regression analysis showed that maximal voluntary contraction force (MVC) and endurance time of the fatiguing exercise correlated significantly with EMD. The site from which the EMG signal was recorded had no significant influence on EMD. However, the coefficient of correlation between force and the EMG-signal differed significantly between electrode positions. The magnitude of the EMD values found emphasized the need to account for this delay when interpreting temporal patterns of activation of the muscles in, for example, lifting tasks.
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