Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

The Electro-mechanical Delay Of The Erector Spinae Muscle: Influence Of Rate Of Force Development, Fatigue And Electrode Location

J. Dieën, C. Thissen, A. V. D. Ven, H. Toussaint
Published 2004 · Mathematics, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
SummaryElectro-mechanical delay (EMD) values of the erector spinae muscle were obtained using a technique based on the cross-correlation between the force and the electromyogram (EMG). Seven subjects performed a series of 20 submaximal dynamic isometric contractions in a seated position at two frequencies (0.5 Hz and 1 Hz) to study the influence of the rate of force development on EMD. Mean EMD values of 125.7 (SD 28.1) ms (1 Hz) and 136.8 (SD 28.6) ms (0.5 Hz) were shown to differ significantly (P=0.02). This finding supports the hypothesis that EMD is inversely related to the rate of force development and implies that the time to stretch the series elastic component is an important factor determining EMD. After performing a series of fatiguing contractions EMD did not differ significantly from the control value. Multiple regression analysis showed that maximal voluntary contraction force (MVC) and endurance time of the fatiguing exercise correlated significantly with EMD. The site from which the EMG signal was recorded had no significant influence on EMD. However, the coefficient of correlation between force and the EMG-signal differed significantly between electrode positions. The magnitude of the EMD values found emphasized the need to account for this delay when interpreting temporal patterns of activation of the muscles in, for example, lifting tasks.
This paper references
Electro-mechanical response times and rate of force development in males and females.
D. Bell (1986)
The effect of age and activity level on simple and choice fractionated response time
P. Clarkson (2004)
Effects of local muscular fatigue due to isotonic and isometric exercise upon fractionated reaction time components.
W. Kroll (1973)
Exercise effects upon reflex time components in weight lifters and distance runners.
G. Kamen (1981)
Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine
A. White (1978)
Effects of fatiguing isometric and isotonic exercise on resisted and unresisted reaction time components
A. Morris (2004)
Electromyographic and Mechanical Twitch Responses following Suxamethonium Administration
C. Shanks (1980)
Towards understanding the EMG-signal
CJ De Luca (1978)
Specificity of surface-EMG on the intrinsic lumbar back muscles
P. Vink (1989)
Electromechanical delay in the vastus lateralis muscle during dynamic isometric contractions
E. J. Vos (2004)
Electromechanical delay in skeletal muscle under normal movement conditions.
R. Norman (1979)
Electromyographic latencies associated with rapid maximal force production in five different muscle groups in college adults.
Morris Af (1980)
Electro-mechanical response times and muscle strength after sleep deprivation.
J. Symons (1988)
Functions of the lumbar muscles
P. Vink (1989)
The fibre type composition of thoracic and lumbar paravertebral muscles in man.
A. Sirca (1985)
Functional organization of mo
E Henneman (1981)
Pre-motor and motor reaction time differences associated with stretching of the hamstring muscles.
D. L. Maria (1970)
Electromechanical delay in hu
PR Cavanagh (1979)
A proposed standard procedure for static muscle strength testing.
L. S. Caldwell (1974)
Data on the distribution of fibre types in thirty-six human muscles. An autopsy study.
M. Johnson (1973)
Activation patterns of the triceps
MD Grabiner (1987)
Fractioned reaction time in power-trained and endurance-trained athletes under conditions of fatiguing isometric exercise.
G. Kamen (1981)
Motor units: physiology and functional organization. In: Brooks VB (ed) Handbook of physiology, section I
RE Burke (1981)
Motor units : physiology and functional organization
RE Burke (1981)
Trunk motion during lifting: Temporal relations among loading factors
W. Marras (1987)
A new description of the lumbar erector spinae muscle in man.
F. Bustami (1986)
Interrelationships between electromyographic, mechanical, muscle structure and reflex time measurements in man.
J. Viitasalo (1981)
Effects of fatiguing isometric exercise upon achilles tendon reflex and plantar flexion reaction time components in man
K. Hayes (2004)
Fatigue and EMG of repeated fast voluntary contractions in man.
J. Nilsson (1977)
The functions of individual muscles in the lumbar part of the spinae muscle.
B. Jonsson (1970)
EMG frequency spectrum, muscle
PV Komi (1979)
Electromechanical delay in human skeletal muscle under concentric and eccentric contractions
P. Cavanagh (2004)
The effect of a high carbohydrate diet on running performance during a 30-km treadmill time trial
C. Williams (2005)
Relationships between muscle lactate accumulation and surface EMG activities during isokinetic contractions in man
T. Horita (2004)
Gas exchange parameters, muscle blood flow and electromechanical properties of the plantar flexors
T. Moritani (2004)
Mechanical measures during maximal velocity knee extension exercise and their relation to fibre composition of the human vastus lateralis muscle
M. Houston (2004)
Fractionated reaction and reflex time before and after fatiguing isotonic exercise.
W. Kroll (1974)
Electromyographic and mechanical characteristics of human skeletal muscle during fatigue under voluntary and reflex conditions.
K. Häkkinen (1983)
EMG frequency spectrum, muscle structure, and fatigue during dynamic contractions in man
P. Komi (2004)
Activation patterns of the triceps brachii muscle during sub-maximal elbow extension.
M. Grabiner (1987)
Myoelectrical manifestations of localized muscular fatigue in humans.
C. D. De Luca (1984)
Myoelectrical manifestations of localized muscular fatigue in humans.
C. D. Luca (1984)
Bioelectric characteristics of the electromechanical delay preceding concentric contraction.
M. Grabiner (1986)
Zigon ST (1981b) Exercise effects upon reflex
G Kamen (1981)
Relationships between muscle lactate
T Horita (1987)
Pre-motor and motor reaction time differences associated with stretching of the hamstring muscles.
D. Laine Santa Maria (1970)
Effects of fatiguing isometric exercise
KC Hayes (1975)
Temporal discrepancies in the electromyographic study of rapid movement.
T. Corser (1974)
A reappraisal of the anatomy of the human lumbar erector spinae.
N. Bogduk (1980)
Frequency and amplitude analysis of the EMG during exercise on the bicycle ergometer
J. Petrofsky (2004)
Lumbar Muscle Fatigue and Chronic Lower Back Pain
S. Roy (1989)
The effect of age and activity level on simple
PM Clarkson (1978)
The morphology of the human lumbar multifidus.
J. Macintosh (1986)

This paper is referenced by
Low-back electromyography (EMG) data-driven load classification for dynamic lifting tasks
Deema Totah (2018)
Predicting the influence of hip and lumbar flexibility on lifting motions using optimal control.
M. Sreenivasa (2018)
People With Recurrent Low Back Pain Respond Differently to Trunk Loading Despite Remission From Symptoms
D. Macdonald (2010)
Increase in spinal stability obtained at levels of intra-abdominal pressure and back muscle activity realistic to work situations.
M. Essendrop (2002)
Asymmetry of electromechanical delay (EMD) and torque in the muscles stabilizing spinal column.
A. Szpala (2010)
Offering proper feedback to control for out-of-plane lumbar moments influences the activity of trunk muscles during unidirectional isometric trunk exertions.
C. Larivière (2009)
Quantification of lumbar stability by using 2 different abdominal activation strategies.
S. Grenier (2007)
Controlling for out-of-plane lumbar moments during unidirectional trunk efforts: learning and reliability issues related to trunk muscle activation estimates.
C. Larivière (2014)
Symmetry of electromechanical delay, peak torque and rate of force development in knee flexors and extensors in female and male subjects.
A. Szpala (2015)
Effect of Repeated External Perturbations on the Reflex Control of Human Posture — Influence of Reflex Delay, Duration and Gain
M. Fritz (2014)
The differential effects of fatigue on reflex response timing and amplitude in males and females.
B. D. Moore (2002)
Trunk active response and spinal forces in sudden forward loading: analysis of the role of perturbation load and pre-perturbation conditions by a kinematics-driven model.
A. Shahvarpour (2015)
Differences in feedforward trunk muscle activity in subgroups of patients with mechanical low back pain.
S. Silfies (2009)
Less is more: high pass filtering, to remove up to 99% of the surface EMG signal power, improves EMG-based biceps brachii muscle force estimates.
J. Potvin (2004)
Predicting Muscle Activations in a Forward-Inverse Dynamics Framework Using Stability-Inspired Optimization and an In Vivo-Based 6DoF Knee Joint
Brigitte M Potvin (2016)
Trunk response analysis under sudden forward perturbations using a kinematics-driven model.
B. Bazrgari (2009)
Elbow-flexion force estimation during arm posture dynamically changing between pronation and supination.
R. Hu (2019)
Influence of Muscle Slack on High-Intensity Sport Performance: A Review
Bas Van Hooren (2016)
Startle Auditory Stimuli Enhance the Performance of Fast Dynamic Contractions
M. Fernández-Del-Olmo (2014)
Low levels of anterior tibial loading enhance knee extensor reflex response characteristics.
S. Shultz (2005)
An EMG-based model to estimate lumbar muscle forces and spinal loads during complex, high-effort tasks: Development and application to residential construction using prefabricated walls
Bochen Jia (2011)
Rate of Torque Development and Feedforward Control of the Hip and Knee Extensors: Gender Differences
Kristen M Stearns-Reider (2018)
Continuous Estimation of Grasp Kinematics with Real-Time Surface EMG Decomposition
Chen Chen (2019)
Exercise and work-related musculoskeletal disorders in neck, shoulders and low back
M. T. Pedersen (2003)
The influence of artificially increased trunk stiffness on the balance recovery after a trip.
J. V. D. van der Burg (2007)
Electromiographic and kinematic characteristics of Kung Fu Yau-Man palm strike.
O. P. Neto (2008)
The assessment of back muscle capacity using intermittent static contractions. Part II: validity and reliability of biomechanical correlates of muscle fatigue.
C. Larivière (2008)
Development and evaluation of an EMG-based model to estimate lumbosacral loads during seated work
Bochen Jia (2016)
Training can modify back muscle response to sudden trunk loading
M. T. Pedersen (2004)
An investigation into the relevance of the pattern of temporal activation with respect to erector spinae muscle endurance
J. Dieën (2004)
Validation of an OpenSim full-body model with detailed lumbar spine for estimating lower lumbar spine loads during symmetric and asymmetric lifting tasks
Erica Beaucage-Gauvreau (2019)
velocity information from tissue Doppler imaging abdominal muscle feedforward activity based on tissue A new method for the noninvasive determination of
H. Sprott (2015)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar