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Selection Strategies For Developing Smooth Bromegrass Cell Wall Ideotypes
Published 2004 · Biology, Medicine
SummaryA random sample of 80 families of the B8HD smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.) population were tested in three environments for forage yield and cell wall constituents. Expected progress from one cycle of family selection was computed for single-trait selection and multiple-trait restricted selection. Expected gains were compared to desired goals and actual results from one cycle of phenotypic selection. Desired goals were: Model I = reduced lignin and cellulose, with increased hemicellulose, resulting in no change in cell wall content; Model II = reduced lignin and cellulose with no change in hemicellulose; or Model III = reduced lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose. Single-trait selection for high hemicellulose in first harvest or low cellulose in second harvest had the best expected responses, of any single trait, for Model I. Possible undesirable effects of selection for low cellulose would be a reduction in forage yield potential. Multiple-trait restricted selection was judged to be more effective, with responses all in the desired direction, by specifying increased hemicellulose in index development. Selection in second harvest was expected to have similar responses as first harvest, except for a greater increase in forage yield. Development of Models II or III is expected to be difficult due to a negative correlation estimate between first and second harvest cell wall concentration.