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Studies Of An Effective Strain OfFrankia FromAllocasuarina Lehmanniana Of The Casuarinaceae

Z. Zhongze, J. Torrey
Published 2005 · Biology

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SummarySeedlings ofCasuarina spp. andAllocasuarina spp. were grown from seed in the greenhouse and inoculated with a nodule suspension fromC. equisetifolia. Plants ofCasuarina spp. nodulated regularly and were effective in nitrogen-fixation. Only one species ofAllocasuariona, A. lehmanniana formed root nodules. Using these plants as source of inoculum, the isolation of a newFrankia sp. HFPA11I1 (HFP022 801) was made and the strain was grown in pure culture.Frankia sp. HFPA11I1 grows well in a defined medium and shows typical morphological characteristics. In media lacking combined nitrogen, the filamentours bacterium forms terminal vesicles in abundance and differentiaties large intrahyphal or terminal sporangia containing numerous spores. This strain, used as inoculum, nodulates effectively seedlings ofC. equisietifolia andC. cunninghamiana, forming nodules with verically-growing nodule roots. Although effective in acetylene reduction, the endophyte within the nodules is filamentous and lacks veiscles. When used to inoculated seedlings ofA llocasuarina lehmanniana, Frankia sp. HFPA11I1 induces root nodules which are coralloid and lacking nodule roots. The nodules are effective in acetylene reduction and the filamentous hyphae ofFrankia within the nodule lobes lack vesicles. Effective nodulation inA. Lehmanniana depends upon environmental conditions of the seedlings and proceeds much more slowly than in Casuariana.
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