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The Mammalian Muscle Spindle And Its Central Control.

M. Hulliger
Published 1984 · Biology, Medicine

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The effect of DOPA on the spinal cord. 1. Influence on transmission from primary afferents.
N. Andén (1966)
10.1016/S0079-6123(08)60736-0
Transmission in the pathway of reciprocal Ia inhibition to motoneurones and its control during the tonic stretch reflex.
H. Hultborn (1976)
10.1136/jnnp.31.5.424
Histochemical composition, distribution of fibres and fatiguability of single motor units. Anterior tibial muscle of the rat.
L. Edström (1968)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1969.TB04592.X
The influence of DOPA on the static and the dynamic fusimotor activity to the triceps surae of the spinal cat.
S. Grillner (1969)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1974.TB05593.X
Afferent discharge from human muscle spindles in non-contracting muscles. Steady state impulse frequency as a function of joint angle.
A. Vallbo (1974)
10.1113/jphysiol.1967.sp008184
Fusimotor stimulation and the dynamic sensitivity of the secondary ending of the muscle spindle
M. C. Brown (1967)
10.1212/wnl.6.3.229-a
Receptors and Sensory Perception
R. Granit (1955)
10.1113/jphysiol.1957.sp005778
Synaptic actions on motoneurones in relation to the two components of the group i muscle afferent volley
J. Eccles (1957)
10.1152/JN.1982.47.6.977
Effects of lesions of fastigial nucleus on static and dynamic responses of muscle spindle primary afferents in the cat.
D. Kornhauser (1982)
10.1113/jphysiol.1961.sp006729
The response of de‐efferented muscle spindle endings in the cat's soleus to slow extension of the muscle
R. Harvey (1961)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1975.TB10071.X
Rubrospinal control of static and dynamic fusimotor neurones.
B. Appelberg (1975)
Composition of peripheral nerves
I. A. Boyd (1968)
10.1113/jphysiol.1982.sp014140
A quantitative study of skeletofusimotor innervation in the cat peroneus tertius muscle.
L. Jami (1982)
10.1152/JN.1982.48.1.49
Anatomical organization and sensory receptor content of soft tissues surrounding upper cervical vertebrae in the cat.
F. Richmond (1982)
10.1016/0165-0270(83)90121-8
A new simulation method to deduce fusimotor activity from afferent discharge recorded in freely moving cats
M. Hulliger (1983)
10.1016/0013-4694(81)90173-5
Integration in the nervous system
G. Somjen (1981)
10.1016/0006-8993(74)90753-7
Comparison between behavior of human and cat muscle spindles recorded in vitro.
R. Poppele (1974)
10.1113/jphysiol.1898.sp000723
On the Minute Anatomy of the Neuromuscular Spindles of the Cat, and on their Physiological Significance
A. Ruffini (1898)
10.1113/jphysiol.1953.sp005017
Supraspinal control of the muscle spindles and its significance
E. Eldred (1953)
10.1212/WNL.20.5.463
Innervation of normal human muscle spindles
W. Kennedy (1970)
10.1002/CNE.900730110
Observations on the peripheral distribution of fibers arising in the mesencephalic nucleus of the fifth cranial nerve
K. Corbin (1940)
10.1152/JN.1981.46.1.32
"Sensory partitioning" of cat medial gastrocnemius muscle by its muscle spindles and tendon organs.
W. Cameron (1981)
10.1113/jphysiol.1969.sp008780
Frequencygrams of rabbit spindle primary endings elicited by stimulation of fusi‐motor fibres
F. Emonet-Dénand (1969)
10.1113/jphysiol.1977.sp011802
Nervous outflow from skeletal muscle following chemical noxious stimulation
S. Mense (1977)
10.1016/0304-3940(79)90073-9
Observations on the morphology of intracellularly stained γ-motoneurons in relation to their axon conduction velocity
S. Cullheim (1979)
10.1002/CNE.901330408
Direct projections from the masseteric nerve to the mesencephalic nucleus
R. D. Smith (1968)
10.1113/jphysiol.1977.sp011789
Types of intra‐ and extrafusal muscle fibre innervated by dynamic skeleto‐fusimotor axons in cat peroneus brevis and tenuissimus muscles, as determined by the glycogen‐depletion method.
D. Barker (1977)
10.1152/JN.1973.36.6.1090
Postcontraction sensory discharge from muscle and its source.
R. S. Hutton (1973)
10.1016/0006-8993(82)90443-7
The dependence of discharge rate of spindle afferent units on the size of the load during isotonic position holding in man
A. B. Vallbo (1982)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1970.TB04667.X
Slowly adapting muscle receptors in man.
A. Vallbo (1970)
10.1113/jphysiol.1980.sp013240
An analysis of receptor potential and tension of isolated cat muscle spindles in response to sinusoidal stretch.
C. Hunt (1980)
10.1113/JPHYSIOL.1969.SP008990
After‐effects of fusimotor stimulation on the response of muscle spindle primary afferent endings
Brown Mc (1969)
10.1016/0006-8993(74)90783-5
Afferent fibers with multiple encoding sites.
J. P. Eagles (1974)
The muscle spindle controversy.
Boyd Ia (1981)
10.1113/EXPPHYSIOL.1962.SP001616
The differentiation of two types of fusimotor fibre by their effects on the dynamic response of muscle spindle primary endings.
P. Matthews (1962)
Rabbit intrafusal muscle fibres.
D. Baker (1970)
10.1016/0006-8993(81)90276-6
On whether there is a direct sympathetic influence on jaw muscle spindles
M. Passatore (1981)
10.1113/jphysiol.1971.sp009540
A comparison of the spindles in two different muscles of the frog
M. C. Brown (1971)
10.1038/220301A0
Behaviour of Jaw Muscle Stretch Receptors during Active and Passive Movements in the Cat
A. Taylor (1968)
10.1113/jphysiol.1926.sp002281
The impulses produced by sensory nerve‐endings
E. D. Adrian (1926)
10.1113/jphysiol.1981.sp013925
Effects from fine muscle and cutaneous afferents on spinal locomotion in cats
K. D. Kniffki (1981)
10.1152/PHYSREV.1964.44.2.219
MUSCLE SPINDLES AND THEIR MOTOR CONTROL.
P. Matthews (1964)
10.1113/jphysiol.1933.sp002984
Nerve endings in mammalian muscle
B. H. Matthews (1933)
10.1113/jphysiol.1969.sp008866
Characteristics of knee joint receptors in the cat
P. R. Burgess (1969)
10.1113/jphysiol.1983.sp014839
Autogenetic inhibition of extensor gamma‐motoneurones revealed by electrical stimulation of group I fibres in the cat.
J. Noth (1983)
10.1113/jphysiol.1958.sp006053
Spinal reflex regulation of fusimotor neurones
C. Hunt (1958)
10.1113/jphysiol.1982.sp014373
The ultrastructure of cat fusimotor endings and their relationship to foci of sarcomere convergence in intrafusal fibres
E. Arbuthnott (1982)
10.1152/JN.1963.26.1.177
The response to vibration of the end organs of mammalian muscle spindles.
R. Bianconi (1963)
10.1152/JN.1979.42.2.420
Activity patterns in individual hindlimb primary and secondary muscle spindle afferents during normal movements in unrestrained cats.
G. Loeb (1979)
10.1016/S0006-8993(80)80048-5
Alpha-gamma dissociation during slow tracking movements of the monkey's wrist: Preliminary evidence from spinal ganglion recording
M. Schieber (1980)
10.1002/AR.1092020313
A study of motor nerve terminals on cat nuclear bag1 intrafusal muscle fibers using the ChE staining technique
J. Kučera (1982)
10.1113/jphysiol.1978.sp012265
Muscle spindle activity in man during shortening and lengthening contractions.
D. Burke (1978)
10.1113/jphysiol.1975.sp011207
Analysis of activity of muscle spindles of the jaw‐closing muscles during normal movements in the cat.
F. Cody (1975)
10.1159/000394156
Servo Control of the Intercostal Muscles
T. Sears (1973)
Excitatory and inhibitory skin areas for flexor and extensor motoneurons.
Hagbarth Ke (1952)
10.1007/BF00235241
[Control of the dynamic and static fusimotor fiber activity by the mesencephalic reticular formation in the cat].
J. Vedel (1969)
10.1113/jphysiol.1978.sp012182
Identification of intrafusal muscle fibres activated by single fusimotor axons and injected with fluorescent dye in cat tenuissimus spindles.
D. Barker (1978)
10.1113/jphysiol.1969.sp008719
The sensitivity of muscle spindle afferents to small sinusoidal changes of length
P. Matthews (1969)
10.1136/jnnp.37.9.1012
Assessment of fusimotor contribution to reflex reinforcement in humans 1
D. Burg (1974)
10.1113/jphysiol.1979.sp012662
Voluntary activation of spindle endings in human muscles temporarily paralysed by nerve pressure.
D. Burke (1979)
10.1098/rspb.1969.0044
The Ferrier Lecture, 1968 - Motor apparatus of the baboon’s hand
C. G. Phillips (1969)
10.1113/jphysiol.1966.sp008018
Electrical properties of the smooth muscle membrane of the guinea‐pig vas deferens
Y. Hashimoto (1966)
10.1016/S0079-6123(08)60803-1
Multisensory control of spinal reflex pathways.
Anders Lundberg (1979)
10.1152/JN.1978.41.1.15
Small-signal analysis of response of mammalian muscle spindles with fusimotor stimulation and a comparison with large-signal responses.
W. Chen (1978)
10.1007/BF01099184
The fine structure of the equatorial regions of developing muscle spindles in the rat
D. Landon (1972)
10.1113/jphysiol.1981.sp013830
Action of vibration on the response of cat muscle spindle Ia afferents to low frequency sinusoidal stretching.
P. Matthews (1981)
10.1085/JGP.50.6.197
ATPase Activity of Myosin Correlated with Speed of Muscle Shortening
M. Bárány (1967)
10.1016/0006-8993(72)90123-0
Static and dynamic fusimotor activity during locomotor movements in the cat.
C. Perret (1972)
10.1113/jphysiol.1981.sp013731
A comparison of the recurrent inhibition of alpha‐ and gamma‐motoneurones in the cat.
P. Ellaway (1981)
10.1113/jphysiol.1966.sp007956
Reflex and cerebellar influences on α and on ‘rhythmic’ and ‘tonic’ γ activity in the intercostal muscle
M. Corda (1966)
10.1113/jphysiol.1968.sp008592
The effect of 2,4‐dinitrophenol and related compounds on bile secretion
P. M. Pugh (1968)
10.1152/JN.1948.11.2.133
Calibre spectra of motor and sensory nerve fibres to flexor and extensor muscles.
B. Rexed (1948)
10.1113/jphysiol.1957.sp005794
The convergence of monosynaptic excitatory afferents on to many different species of alpha motoneurones
J. Eccles (1957)
10.1152/JN.1965.28.3.560
FUNCTIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF CELL SIZE IN SPINAL MOTONEURONS.
E. Henneman (1965)
10.1007/978-1-349-06022-1
Muscle Receptors and Movement
A. Taylor (1981)
10.2170/JJPHYSIOL.14.34
STUDIES ON EFFECTS OF PYRAMID STIMULATION UPON FLEXOR AND EXTENSOR MOTONEURONES AND GAMMA MOTONEURONES.
M. Kato (1964)
10.1152/JN.1981.46.1.143
Dependence of dynamic response of spindle receptors on muscle length and velocity.
J. Houk (1981)
10.1113/jphysiol.1966.sp008063
The effects of suxamethonium and acetylcholine on the behaviour of cat muscle spindles during dynamic stretching, and during fusimotor stimulation
P. Rack (1966)
10.1016/0006-8993(74)90546-0
Postcontraction changes in sensitivity of muscle afferents to static and dynamic stretch.
J. L. Smith (1974)
A histological study of the motor innervation of the cat's muscle spindle.
R. Banks (1981)
10.7551/mitpress/4938.003.0025
The Spinal cord
G. Wolstenholme (1953)
10.1152/JN.1974.37.5.967
Effects of destroying spindle afferents from jaw muscles on mastication in monkeys.
G. Goodwin (1974)
10.1113/jphysiol.1975.sp011104
The responses of muscle spindles in sheep extraocular muscles.
J. S. Browne (1975)
10.1177/00220345770560081201
Muscle Spindle Supply to the Human Jaw Muscle
K. Kubota (1977)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1953.TB00931.X
Activation of muscle spindles in pinna reflex.
R. Granit (1952)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1970.TB04823.X
Discharge patterns in human muscle spindle afferents during isometric voluntary contractions.
A. Vallbo (1970)
10.1152/JN.1978.41.4.860
Fusimotor actions on sensitivity of spindle secondary endings to slow muscle stretch in cat peroneus tertius.
L. Jami (1978)
10.1113/jphysiol.1984.sp015008
Effects of triceps stretch by ankle flexion on intact afferents and efferents of gastrocnemius in the decerebrate cat.
P. Bessou (1984)
10.1016/0306-4522(79)90190-8
Dimensions of myelinated nerve fibers near the motor and sensory terminals in cat tenuissimus muscles
D. C. Quick (1979)
10.1016/0006-8993(79)90227-0
The response of muscle spindle afferents during voluntary tracking movements in man. Load dependent servo assistance?
M. Hulliger (1979)
10.1113/jphysiol.1962.sp006892
The central control of the dynamic response of muscle spindle receptors
J. Jansen (1962)
10.1111/J.1365-201X.1968.TB10897.X
Position and velocity sensitivity of muscle spindles in the cat. II. Dynamic fusimotor single-fibre activation of primary endings.
G. Lennerstrand (1968)
10.1152/jn.1963.26.3.379
Organization and function of the trigeminal mensencephalic nucleus.
C. Jerge (1963)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1982.TB07155.X
An intracellular study of rubrospinal and rubro‐bulbospinal control of lumbar γ‐motoneurones
B. Appelberg (1982)
10.1136/jnnp.38.7.625
Muscle spindle activity in man during voluntary fast alternating movements.
K. Hagbarth (1975)
10.1113/jphysiol.1977.sp011884
On the subdivision of static and dynamic fusimotor actions on the primary ending of the cat muscle spindle.
F. Emonet-Dénand (1977)
10.1113/jphysiol.1981.sp013732
The recruitment order of gamma‐motoneurones in the decerebrate rabbit.
P. Murphy (1981)
[Fusimotor fibers whose action on the phasic sensitivity of primary endings depends on their stimulation frequency].
F. Emonet-Dénand (1972)
The mammalian small-nerve fibers: a system for efferent nervous regulation of muscle spindle discharge.
Kuffler Sw (1952)
10.1152/JN.1976.39.1.9
Classification of fusimotor fibers in the primate.
P. Cheney (1976)
The Physiology of peripheral nerve disease
A. Sumner (1980)
10.1113/jphysiol.1951.sp004681
The reflex activity of mammalian small‐nerve fibres
C. Hunt (1951)
10.1016/0304-3940(78)90241-0
Fusimotor responses to volleys in joint and interosseous afferents in the cat's hindlimb
A. Mcintyre (1978)
10.1016/0006-8993(83)91367-7
The variability of inter-spike intervals of human spindle afferents in relaxed muscles
E. Nordh (1983)
10.1113/jphysiol.1955.sp005404
The two routes for excitation of muscle and their subservience to the cerebellum
R. Granit (1955)
10.1002/AR.1091980403
Histochemical study of long nuclear chain fibers in the cat muscle spindle
J. Kučera (1980)
10.1016/0165-1838(82)90006-6
A dual effect of sympathetic nerve stimulation on jaw muscle spindles.
M. Passatore (1982)
10.1113/jphysiol.1951.sp004572
Further study of efferent small‐nerve fibres to mammalian muscle spindles. Multiple spindle innervation and activity during contraction
C. Hunt (1951)
10.1113/jphysiol.1972.sp009812
The effect of muscle length and rate of fusimotor stimulation on the frequency of discharge in primary endings from muscle spindles in the cat
D. M. Lewis (1972)
10.1113/jphysiol.1973.sp010323
Studies on the site of termination of static and dynamic fusimotor fibres within muscle spindles of the tenuissimus muscle of the cat
M. C. Brown (1973)
10.1007/978-1-349-06022-1_24
Independence of fusimotor and skeletomotor systems during voluntary movement
Arthur Prochazka (1981)
10.1016/0304-3940(80)90055-5
Autogenetic excitation of extensor γ-motoneurones by group II muscle afferents in the cat
J. Noth (1980)
10.1016/0006-8993(69)90038-9
Static fusimotor fibres and the position sensitivity of muscle spindle receptors.
M. C. Brown (1969)
10.1113/jphysiol.1983.sp014531
Actions on gamma‐motoneurones elicited by electrical stimulation of group I muscle afferent fibres in the hind limb of the cat.
B. Appelberg (1983)
10.1097/00005072-195910000-00011
ACTIVITY IN GAMMA EFFERENT CIRCUITS INDUCED BY DISTENSION OF THE BLADDER
A. Abdullah (1959)
10.1152/JN.1983.49.2.291
Muscle spindle discharge in response to contraction of single motor units.
B. McKeon (1983)
10.1007/978-3-642-68915-4_28
A Technique for Reversible Fusimotor Blockade During Chronic Recording from Spindle Afferents in Walking Cats
J. A. Hoffer (1983)
10.1113/jphysiol.1980.sp013236
Induced changes in the thresholds for voluntary activation of human spindle endings.
D. Burke (1980)
10.1111/j.1748-1716.1977.tb05936.x
Muscle spindle activity in man during standing.
D. Burke (1977)
10.1152/JN.1975.38.3.673
Transition in sensitivity of spindle receptors that occurs when muscle is stretched more than a fraction of a millimeter.
Z. Hasan (1975)
A thalamic mechanism of postural control.
S. Gilman (1971)
10.1016/0006-8993(73)90585-4
Static fusimotor effect on the sensitivity of mammalian muscle spindles.
W. Chen (1973)
10.1007/978-1-4757-0964-3
Neural Control of Locomotion
R. Herman (1976)
10.1113/jphysiol.1979.sp012941
The responses of primary spindle afferents to fusimotor stimulation at constant and abruptly changing rates.
M. Hulliger (1979)
10.1152/JN.1946.9.3.191
Central effects of centripetal impulses in axons of spinal ventral roots.
B. Renshaw (1946)
10.1113/jphysiol.1973.sp010139
Muscle spindle afferent studies in the baboon
T. Koeze (1973)
10.1113/jphysiol.1969.sp008918
Evidence that the secondary as well as the primary endings of the muscle spindles may be responsible for the tonic stretch reflex of the decerebrate cat
P. Matthews (1969)
10.1152/PHYSREV.1980.60.1.90
Motor unit of mammalian muscle.
F. Buchthal (1980)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1965.TB04093.X
CENTRAL CONTROL OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC SENSITIVITIES OF MUSCLE SPINDLE PRIMARY ENDINGS.
B. Appelberg (1965)
10.1016/0006-8993(81)91249-X
Static and dynamic fusimotor controls in various hindlimb muscles during locomotor activity in the decorticate cat
Jean-Marie Cabelguen (1981)
The activity of intrafusal muscle fibres during cortical stimulation in the cat [proceedings].
Gladden Mh (1977)
10.1136/jnnp.38.12.1143
Effects of the Jendrassik manoeuvre on muscle spindle activity in man.
K. Hagbarth (1975)
10.1113/jphysiol.1976.sp011580
The responses of human muscle spindle endings to vibration of non‐contracting muscles.
D. Burke (1976)
10.1126/science.183.4121.161
Distributed Relaxation Processes in Sensory Adaptation
J. Thorson (1974)
10.1113/jphysiol.1971.sp009524
The short‐latency projection from the baboon's motor cortex to fusimotor neurones of the forearm and hand
J. F. Clough (1971)
10.1152/JN.1983.50.2.344
Responses of cat peroneus brevis muscle spindle afferents during recovery from nerve-crush injury.
D. Hyde (1983)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1974.TB05594.X
Human muscle spindle discharge during isometric voluntary contractions. Amplitude relations between spindle frequency and torque.
A. Vallbo (1974)
10.1113/jphysiol.1980.sp013373
Fusimotor activity in masseter nerve of the cat during reflex jaw movements.
K. Appenteng (1980)
10.1113/jphysiol.1968.sp008672
Tension due to interaction between the sliding filaments in resting striated muscle. the effect of stimulation
D. Hill (1968)
10.1016/0014-4886(68)90156-8
Discharge characteristics of human muscle afferents during muscle stretch and contraction.
K. Hagbarth (1968)
10.1126/SCIENCE.7244644
Discharge patterns of hindlimb motoneurons during normal cat locomotion.
J. A. Hoffer (1981)
10.1113/jphysiol.1981.sp013931
Evolving views on the internal operation and functional role of the muscle spindle.
P. Matthews (1981)
10.1001/ARCHNEUR.1968.00470320124021
Control and Innervation of Skeletal Muscle.
H. Grundfest (1968)
10.1016/0166-2236(81)90010-2
Sensory and motor specialization in some muscles of the neck
V. C. Abrahams (1981)
10.1113/jphysiol.1931.sp002718
The response of a single end organ
B. H. Matthews (1931)
10.1016/0006-8993(82)90289-X
After-effects of fusimotor stimulation on spindle la afferents' dynamic sensitivity, revealed during slow movements
T. Baumann (1982)
10.1152/JN.1970.33.6.713
Frequency analysis of stretch reflex and its main subsystems in triceps surae muscles of the cat.
N. Rosenthal (1970)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1967.TB03638.X
The effect of DOPA on the spinal cord. 7. Reflex activation of static gamma-motoneurones from the flexor reflex afferents.
S. Grillner (1967)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1968.TB04224.X
Muscle spindle responses to concomitant variations in lenght and in fusimotor activation.
G. Lennerstrand (1968)
10.1016/0013-4694(66)90152-0
The effect of use and disuse on neuromuscular functions
R. W. Gerard (1966)
10.1113/jphysiol.1971.sp009533
Recurrent inhibition of fusimotor neurones exhibiting background discharges in the decerebrate and the spinal cat
P. Ellaway (1971)
10.1152/JN.1941.4.2.167
INFLUENCE OF DISCHARGE OF MOTONEURONS UPON EXCITATION OF NEIGHBORING MOTONEURONS
B. Renshaw (1941)
10.1113/jphysiol.1967.sp008330
The relative sensitivity to vibration of muscle receptors of the cat
M. C. Brown (1967)
10.1016/0006-8993(79)91092-8
Static and dynamic fusimotor interaction and the possibility of multiple pace-makers operating in the cat muscle spindle
M. Hulliger (1979)
10.1113/jphysiol.1974.sp010713
Adaptation of the discharge of frog muscle spindles following a stretch
G. Brokensha (1974)
10.1093/BRAIN/92.3.621
The mechanism of cerebellar hypotonia. An experimental study in the monkey.
S. Gilman (1969)
10.1016/0014-4886(76)90238-7
Aftereffects of static or dynamic fusimotor activation on primary afferent discharge
R. Durkovic (1976)
10.1152/JN.1977.40.1.1
Response of primate joint afferent neurons to mechanical stimulation of knee joint.
P. Grigg (1977)
10.4449/AIB.V99I3.1754
E'tude des rècepteurs musculaires innervès par les fibres affèrentes du groupe III ( fibres myelinisèes fines ), chez le chat
P. Bessou (1961)
10.1111/J.1365-201X.1968.TB10898.X
Position and velocity sensitivity of muscle spindles in the cat. 3. Static fusimotor single-fibre activation of primary and secondary endings.
G. Lennerstrand (1968)
10.1113/jphysiol.1968.sp008493
Frequencygrams of spindle primary endings elicited by stimulation of static and dynamic fusimotor fibres
P. Bessou (1968)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1969.TB04414.X
Descending Monosynaptic and Reflex Control of γ-Motoneurones
S. Grillner (1969)
Increased sensory outflow from muscles following tetanic stimulation of alpha motor nerve fibres.
P. Hník (1970)
10.1152/JN.1975.38.6.1473
Mechanical factors influencing response of joint afferent neurons from cat knee.
P. Grigg (1975)
10.1113/jphysiol.1977.sp011840
Effects of combining static and dynamic fusimotor stimulation on the response of the muscle spindle primary ending to sinusoidal stretching.
M. Hulliger (1977)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1966.TB03297.X
Pyramidal effect on alpha and gamma motoneurons.
A. Laursen (1966)
10.1177/21.1.51
HINDLIMB MUSCLE FIBER POPULATIONS OF FIVE MAMMALS
M. Ariano (1973)
10.1152/AJPLEGACY.1928.83.2.554
A NOTE CONCERNING THE PROBABLE FUNCTION OF VARIOUS AFFERENT END-ORGANS IN SKELETAL MUSCLE
J. Fulton (1928)
10.1113/jphysiol.1964.sp007312
A persistent excitation of muscle‐spindle receptor endings in the rat following ventral root filament stimulation
G. Kidd (1964)
Cortical control and representation of fusimotor neurons.
E. M. Mortimer (1961)
10.1016/0006-8993(79)91081-3
Excitation of dynamic fusimotor neurones of the cat triceps surae by contralateral joint afferents
B. Appelberg (1979)
10.1093/BRAIN/102.3.509
Participation of the stretch reflex in human physiological tremor.
K. Hagbarth (1979)
10.1113/jphysiol.1975.sp011186
The effects of fusimotor stimulation during small amplitude stretching on the frequency‐response of the primary ending of the mammalian muscle spindle.
G. Goodwin (1975)
10.1098/RSTB.1970.0038
Fusimotor innervation in the cat.
D. Barker (1970)
10.1016/0006-8993(80)90269-3
Lack of a contribution from gamma motoneurone axons to Renshaw inhibition in the cat spinal cord
D. Westbury (1980)
10.1038/252243A0
Monosynaptic excitation of motoneurones from secondary endings of muscle spindles
P. R. Kirkwood (1974)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1968.TB04106.X
Position and velocity sensitivity of muscle spindles in the cat. I. Primary and secondary endings deprived of fusimotor activation.
G. Lennerstrand (1968)
10.1113/jphysiol.1977.sp011839
Static and dynamic fusimotor action on the response of IA fibres to low frequency sinusoidal stretching of widely ranging amplitude
M. Hulliger (1977)
The structure and function of intrafusal muscle fibers.
Smith Rs (1972)
10.1113/jphysiol.1984.sp015026
Glycogen depletion elicited in tenuissimus intrafusal muscle fibres by stimulation of static gamma‐axons in the cat.
L. Decorte (1984)
10.1002/CPHY.CP010226
Control of Locomotion in Bipeds, Tetrapods, and Fish
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