Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Localised Muscle Pain And Dysfunction: A Review Of Theoretical And Suppositional Biological Effects Of Jaw Exercises

N. Fougeront, B. Fleiter
Published 2010 · Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
SummaryFor the treatment of localised masticatory muscle pain, it is still unknown whether exercises have any efficacy. The understanding of these supposed biological effects is linked to the pathophysiological model of localised myofascial pain and dysfunction (MPD). (1) Motor activity: In MPD, the pain adaptation model implies that there is an agonist-antagonist co-activation. In healthy muscles, training exercises allow a tendency to a switch from agonist-antagonist co-activation towards reciprocal inhibition, either during isometric contractions or during isokinetic contractions. (2) Hemodynamics: In MPD, a hypoperfusion is supposed. In healthy muscle, training exercises enhance the functional hyperaemia. (3) Histology: (a) In females with localised trapezius myalgia, but not in males, there is a decrease in capillarisation. Exercises induce capillary angiogenesis in healthy muscles, and also in females with trapezius myalgia. (b) In myalgic females, but not in males, there is a tendency towards a higher proportion of type I fibres; exercises decrease the proportion of type I fibres, with a reciprocal increase of type IIA fibres (phenotypic conversion). (4) Biochemistry: There may be a cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency that could explain the lower ATP concentrations in female patients. Exercises induce a decrease in the proportion of COX-negative fibres. Finally, a 10-week training program might have specific positive effects. Physiological mastication could be both a natural means of re-education and one of the goals of treatment.
This paper references
Separate cortical systems for control of joint movement and joint stiffness: reciprocal activation and coactivation of antagonist muscles.
H. Dr (1983)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PHARMTOX.48.113006.094711
Mechanisms of placebo and placebo-related effects across diseases and treatments.
F. Benedetti (2008)
10.1177/154411130201300109
Reflex control of human jaw muscles.
K. Türker (2002)
10.1111/J.1601-0825.2006.01353.X
Myogenic precursor cells in craniofacial muscles.
L. McLoon (2007)
10.1016/B978-0-12-374635-1.00008-4
The Lower Limb
Craig A. Cunningham (2009)
10.1016/j.resp.2005.02.017
Coordination of cranial motoneurons during mastication
Y. Yamada (2005)
10.1139/Y91-091
Considerations concerning the neurobiological basis of muscle pain.
S. Mense (1991)
10.1097/AJP.0b013e318183cfa4
The Deficit of Pain Inhibition in Fibromyalgia Is More Pronounced in Patients With Comorbid Depressive Symptoms
J. B. de Souza (2009)
10.1016/S1471-4914(03)00138-2
Molecular mechanisms modulating muscle mass.
D. Glass (2003)
10.1016/S0304-3959(96)03287-3
An assessment of the efficacy of physical therapy and physical modalities for the control of chronic musculoskeletal pain
J. Feine (1997)
10.5271/SJWEH.1693
Changes in muscle morphology in chronic trapezius myalgia.
R. Lindman (1991)
Craniofacial morphology and growth in the ferret: effects from alteration of masticatory function.
T. He (2004)
A need to redefine chronic pain?
S. Palla (2006)
10.1016/S0304-3959(98)00126-2
Pathological mechanisms implicated in localized female trapezius myalgia
F. Kadi (1998)
The additional value of a home physical therapy regimen versus patient education only for the treatment of myofascial pain of the jaw muscles: short-term results of a randomized clinical trial.
A. Michelotti (2004)
10.1016/S1388-2457(01)00631-9
Inhibition of motor system excitability at cortical and spinal level by tonic muscle pain
D. Pera (2001)
10.1016/0168-0102(90)90008-3
Spinal sensorimotor systems and their supraspinal control
E. Schomburg (1990)
10.1113/jphysiol.2002.021477
Combined inhibition of nitric oxide and prostaglandins reduces human skeletal muscle blood flow during exercise
R. Boushel (2002)
10.1093/ORTHO/27.1.15
Skeletal muscle function and fibre types: the relationship between occlusal function and the phenotype of jaw-closing muscles in human.
J. Sciote (2000)
10.1016/0168-0102(95)90003-9
Generation of masticatory rhythm in the brainstem
Y. Nakamura (1995)
10.1177/10454411940050010301
Internal organization in the human jaw muscles.
A. Hannam (1994)
10.1111/J.1600-0722.1993.TB01127.X
Mandibular elevator muscles: physiology, action, and effect of dental occlusion.
M. Bakke (1993)
10.1016/J.TIG.2007.05.002
Heartening news for head muscle development.
Raphaëlle Grifone (2007)
10.1139/H03-057
Metabolic control of muscle blood flow during exercise in humans.
R. Boushel (2003)
10.1097/WCO.0b013e328136c1f9
Muscle pain in the head: overlap between temporomandibular disorders and tension-type headaches
P. Svensson (2007)
Muscle Pain: Understanding Its Nature, Diagnosis and Treatment
S. Mense (2000)
10.1016/J.ARCHORALBIO.2006.09.013
Insights into the bilateral cortical control of human masticatory muscles revealed by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
M. Nordstrom (2007)
10.1016/j.physbeh.2006.02.013
Adaptation of healthy mastication to factors pertaining to the individual or to the food
A. Woda (2006)
10.1016/S0003-9969(00)00137-0
Excitatory actions of experimental muscle pain on early and late components of human jaw stretch reflexes.
K. Wang (2001)
10.1111/J.1365-2842.2005.01513.X
Home-exercise regimes for the management of non-specific temporomandibular disorders.
A. Michelotti (2005)
10.1016/0304-3959(95)00115-8
The influence of low back pain on muscle activity and coordination during gait: a clinical and experimental study
L. Arendt-Nielsen (1996)
10.3109/03009749209095059
Muscle performance, electromyography and fibre type composition in fibromyalgia and work-related myalgia.
J. Elert (1992)
10.14219/JADA.ARCHIVE.2001.0173
Widespread pain and the effectiveness of oral splints in myofascial face pain.
K. Raphael (2001)
10.1016/J.ARCHORALBIO.2006.10.022
Functional roles of oral reflexes in chewing and biting: phase-, task- and site-dependent reflex sensitivity.
H. W. van der Glas (2007)
10.1007/s00424-005-0030-9
Interaction between signalling pathways involved in skeletal muscle responses to endurance exercise
N. Koulmann (2005)
10.1007/s00276-005-0324-9
Functional anatomy of the human lateral pterygoid muscle
A. El Haddioui (2005)
10.1111/j.1748-1716.2006.01656.x
Spinal cord plasticity in acquisition and maintenance of motor skills
J. Wolpaw (2007)
10.1136/jnnp.45.5.476
Principles of Neural Science
J. Rothwell (1982)
10.1249/00005768-199505000-00024
Physiology of Sport and Exercise
D. Costill (1982)
10.1007/s00296-008-0722-5
Fibromyalgia subgroups: profiling distinct subgroups using the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. A preliminary study
J. B. Souza (2008)
10.1152/JAPPLPHYSIOL.00069.2005
Effects of eccentric exercise on microcirculation and microvascular oxygen pressures in rat spinotrapezius muscle.
Yutaka Kano (2005)
10.1080/165019701750300627
Effects on physical performance and pain from three dynamic training programs for women with work-related trapezius myalgia.
C. Ahlgren (2001)
10.1177/154405910508400901
Fiber-type Composition of the Human Jaw Muscles—(Part 1) Origin and Functional Significance of Fiber-type Diversity
J. A. Korfage (2005)
10.1016/J.AANAT.2004.12.018
Genetic and epigenetic control of skeletal muscle development.
B. Brand-Saberi (2005)
10.1152/JAPPLPHYSIOL.00515.2006
Motor training induces experience-specific patterns of plasticity across motor cortex and spinal cord.
D. Adkins (2006)
10.1016/j.pain.2007.09.006
Pain and motor system plasticity
D. Borsook (2007)
The association between the cervical spine, the stomatognathic system, and craniofacial pain: a critical review.
Susan Armijo Olivo (2006)
10.1016/j.pain.2005.03.011
Activity of masticatory muscles in subjects with different orofacial pain conditions
C. Bodéré (2005)
10.1034/J.1600-0722.2003.00008.X
Influence of food consistency on the rabbit masseter muscle fibres.
G. Langenbach (2003)
10.1139/Y91-102
The pain-adaptation model: a discussion of the relationship between chronic musculoskeletal pain and motor activity.
J. Lund (1991)
10.5271/SJWEH.1472
Electromyographic evaluation of muscular work pattern as a predictor of trapezius myalgia.
K. B. Veiersted (1993)
10.1146/ANNUREV.NEURO.24.1.807
Activity-dependent spinal cord plasticity in health and disease.
J. Wolpaw (2001)
10.1007/s00276-007-0185-5
Anatomical study of the arrangement and attachments of the human medial pterygoid muscle
A. El Haddioui (2007)
10.1159/000392720
Neurogenesis of mastication.
Y. Kawamura (1974)
10.1097/00002508-200411000-00009
Blood Supply and Oxidative Metabolism in Muscle Biopsies of Female Cleaners With and Without Myalgia
B. Larsson (2004)
10.1139/H03-056
Potential interactions among vascular and muscular functional compartments during active hyperemia.
J. Barclay (2003)
10.2165/00007256-200636020-00004
Neural Adaptations to Resistive Exercise
D. Gabriel (2006)
10.14219/JADA.ARCHIVE.2000.0143
Myofascial face pain. Clinical characteristics of those with regional vs. widespread pain.
K. Raphael (2000)
10.1007/s00276-003-0121-2
Functional anatomy of the human temporal muscle
J. Gaudy (2003)
The puzzle of orofacial pain : integrating research into clinical management
J. Türp (2007)
10.7326/0003-4819-142-9-200505030-00014
Systematic Review: Strategies for Using Exercise Therapy To Improve Outcomes in Chronic Low Back Pain
J. Hayden (2005)
10.2165/00007256-200737090-00001
The Molecular Bases of Training Adaptation
Vernon G Coffey (2007)
Craniofacial muscle pain: review of mechanisms and clinical manifestations.
P. Svensson (2001)
Experimental chewing in myofascial pain patients.
A. Gavish (2002)
10.1007/s004010050810
Structural changes in male trapezius muscle with work-related myalgia
F. Kadi (1998)
10.1016/J.ACTHIS.2007.08.004
Muscle development: forming the head and trunk muscles.
H. P. Shih (2008)
10.1016/J.ARCHORALBIO.2006.11.002
Neuroplasticity of face primary motor cortex control of orofacial movements.
B. Sessle (2007)
10.1007/BF00262824
Co-activation and tension-regulating phenomena during isokinetic knee extension in sedentary and highly skilled humans
I. Amiridis (2004)
10.1016/S0304-3959(99)00237-7
The prevalences of cytochrome c oxidase negative and superpositive fibres and ragged-red fibres in the trapezius muscle of female cleaners with and without myalgia and of female healthy controls
B. Larsson (2000)
10.1159/000070576
Specialized Cranial Muscles: How Different Are They from Limb and Abdominal Muscles?
J. Sciote (2003)
10.1016/0306-4522(78)90107-0
The distribution of golgi tendon organs and muscle spindles in masseter and temporalis muscles of the cat
J. Lund (1978)
The efficacy of appliance therapy in patients with temporomandibular disorders of mainly myogenous origin. A randomized, controlled, short-term trial.
E. Ekberg (2003)
10.1046/J.1365-201X.1998.0293E.X
Skeletal muscle blood flow in humans and its regulation during exercise.
B. Saltin (1998)
10.11480/JMDS.460201
Generation of rhythmical ingestive activities of the trigeminal, facial, and hypoglossal motoneurons in in vitro CNS preparations isolated from rats and mice.
Y. Nakamura (1999)
10.1111/J.1532-849X.2002.063_4.X
Orofacial Pain: From Basic Science to Clinical Management
William C. Betzhold (2002)
10.1016/S1388-2457(99)00211-4
The influence of experimental muscle pain on the human soleus stretch reflex during sitting and walking
D. Matre (1999)
10.1016/S1079-2104(97)90102-5
Physical therapy: a critique.
J. Feine (1997)
10.1152/JAPPLPHYSIOL.00540.2006
Training-induced adaptive plasticity in human somatosensory reflex pathways.
E. Zehr (2006)
10.1177/10454411980090030701
Oral splints: the crutches for temporomandibular disorders and bruxism?
T. Dao (1998)
10.1016/J.CEB.2007.09.012
Skeletal muscle satellite cells and adult myogenesis.
F. Le Grand (2007)
Pain and Gender
G. Bendelow (2000)
10.3109/17453678809148783
Muscle changes in work-related chronic myalgia.
S. Larsson (1988)
10.1016/j.resp.2005.09.007
Muscle-targeted deletion of VEGF and exercise capacity in mice
P. Wagner (2006)
10.1113/jphysiol.1984.sp015475
Muscle but not cutaneous C‐afferent input produces prolonged increases in the excitability of the flexion reflex in the rat.
P. Wall (1984)
10.1016/S0003-9969(01)00042-5
Differences in myosin heavy-chain composition between human jaw-closing muscles and supra- and infrahyoid muscles.
J. A. Korfage (2001)
10.1007/978-1-4615-0713-0_50
Afferent and cortical control of human masticatory muscles.
T. Miles (2002)
10.1152/JAPPL.1994.76.4.1512
Contribution of arterial feed vessels to skeletal muscle functional hyperemia.
J. M. Lash (1994)
10.1016/0968-0004(90)90132-U
Biochemistry, 3rd edn
K. F. Elliott (1990)
10.1016/0006-8993(88)91122-5
Slow changes in the flexion reflex of the rat following arthritis or tenotomy
P. Wall (1988)
10.1146/ANNUREV.NEURO.23.1.393
Plasticity and primary motor cortex.
J. Sanes (2000)
10.1016/j.pain.2007.08.005
Exposure to movement in chronic back pain: Evidence of successful generalization across a reaching task
Z. Trost (2008)
10.1177/10454411910020010401
Mastication and its control by the brain stem.
J. Lund (1991)
10.1161/01.RES.76.4.544
Exercise training augments flow-dependent dilation in rat skeletal muscle arterioles. Role of endothelial nitric oxide and prostaglandins.
A. Koller (1995)
10.1007/s00784-004-0265-4
Efficacy of stabilization splints for the management of patients with masticatory muscle pain: a qualitative systematic review
J. Türp (2004)
10.1007/978-3-540-33823-9_14
Placebo and endogenous mechanisms of analgesia.
F. Benedetti (2007)
10.1080/00016350600703459
Influence of oral characteristics and food products on masticatory function
L. Pereira (2006)
10.1152/JAPPL.1994.76.5.2241
Short-term daily exercise activity enhances endothelial NO synthesis in skeletal muscle arterioles of rats.
D. Sun (1994)
10.1007/978-1-349-08964-2_4
Specialization of the Reflexes of the Jaws
J. Lund (1990)
10.1007/s004019900174
The effects of different training programs on the trapezius muscle of women with work-related neck and shoulder myalgia
F. Kadi (2000)
10.1007/978-1-349-08964-2_3
Jaw Muscle Spindles and Their Central
K. Appenteng (1990)
10.1038/nrg2369
The genetics of vertebrate myogenesis
R. Bryson-Richardson (2008)
10.1016/S0021-9290(96)00170-4
Neural adaptations with chronic physical activity.
R. Enoka (1997)
10.1152/JAPPL.1992.73.3.911
Adaptations in coactivation after isometric resistance training.
B. Carolan (1992)
10.1152/JAPPL.1992.72.6.2052
Functional adaptations of rat skeletal muscle arterioles to aerobic exercise training.
J. M. Lash (1992)
Topical review: placebo responses and therapeutic responses. How are they related?
C. S. Greene (2009)
10.1002/dvdy.21241
Extrinsic versus intrinsic cues in avian paraxial mesoderm patterning and differentiation
Ingo Bothe (2007)
10.1016/J.ARCHORALBIO.2006.03.012
Masticatory muscle pain and disordered jaw motor behaviour: Literature review over the past decade.
F. Lobbezoo (2006)
Moving with pain.
M. Simmonds (2006)
10.1016/S0959-4388(98)80113-X
Brainstem mechanisms underlying feeding behaviors
J. Lund (1998)
10.1179/016164103101201283
Pain-related modulation of the human motor cortex
S. Farina (2003)
10.1016/J.ARCHORALBIO.2006.11.013
Modulation operated by the sympathetic nervous system on jaw reflexes and masticatory movement.
M. Passatore (2007)
Research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders: review, criteria, examinations and specifications, critique.
S. Dworkin (1992)
Orofacial pain and jaw muscle activity: a new model.
G. M. Murray (2007)
10.1007/s00421-006-0239-0
Microcirculation in rat soleus muscle after eccentric exercise: the effect of nifedipine
S. J. Heap (2006)
10.1139/H02-027
Molecular control of capillary growth in skeletal muscle.
T. Haas (2002)
10.1007/978-1-349-08964-2_5
Primary Afferent and Descending Cortical Convergence on the Interneurons in the Border Zone of the Trigeminal Motor Nucleus: A Comparison between Trigeminal and Spinal Interneurons
K. Olsson (1990)
10.1515/REVNEURO.2006.17.5.469
Cortical Plasticity and Motor Activity Studied with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
F. Tyč (2006)
10.1016/j.pneurobio.2005.11.003
The lower limb flexion reflex in humans
G. Sandrini (2005)
10.1152/JAPPLPHYSIOL.00543.2006
Training adaptations in the behavior of human motor units.
J. Duchateau (2006)
10.1016/j.neuron.2008.06.030
New Insights into the Placebo and Nocebo Responses
P. Enck (2008)
10.1179/crn.2006.030
Effect of Controlled Masticatory Exercise on Pain and Muscle Performance in Myofascial Pain Patients: A Pilot Study
A. Gavish (2006)
Physiology of mastication
Y. Kawamura (1974)
10.1016/S0304-3959(98)00012-8
Experimental muscle pain increases the human stretch reflex
D. Matre (1998)
Applied physiology of the mouth
C. Lavelle (1975)
10.1007/978-1-349-08964-2_6
Trigeminal Projections to the Cerebellum
S. A. Elias (1990)
10.1159/000101970
Myofascial Temporomandibular Disorder Pain
H. Schindler (2007)
10.1007/s004410051281
Genetic and epigenetic control of muscle development in vertebrates
B. Brand-Saberi (1999)
Dietary fiber intake in patients with myofascial face pain.
K. Raphael (2002)
Difficulty of food intake in patients with temporomandibular disorders.
T. Haketa (2006)
Counseling and physical therapy as treatment for myofascial pain of the masticatory system.
A. De Laat (2003)
10.1054/JPAI.2002.125923
Intramuscular hypoperfusion, adrenergic receptors, and chronic muscle pain.
K. Maekawa (2002)
10.1002/(SICI)1097-0177(199910)216:2<96::AID-DVDY2>3.0.CO;2-6
Differentiation of avian craniofacial muscles: I. Patterns of early regulatory gene expression and myosin heavy chain synthesis
D. Noden (1999)
Co-contraction of antagonistic muscles in man.
J. Nielsen (1998)
10.1152/JN.1985.53.3.805
Patterns of facilitation and suppression of antagonist forelimb muscles from motor cortex sites in the awake monkey.
P. Cheney (1985)
10.1152/JAPPL.1996.81.5.2004
Muscle fiber hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and capillary density in college men after resistance training.
G. McCall (1996)
10.1016/S0304-3959(00)00322-5
Effect of tonic muscle pain on short-latency jaw-stretch reflexes in humans
K. Wang (2000)
10.1007/s00276-000-0181-5
Functional organization of the human masseter muscle
J. Gaudy (2000)
10.1016/S0098-2997(00)00002-9
Muscle plasticity and metabolism: effects of exercise and chronic diseases.
J. Mercier (1999)
10.1007/s00455-006-9027-6
Generation of the Central Masticatory Pattern and Its Modification by Sensory Feedback
J. Lund (2006)
Motor control : concepts and issues
Issues (1991)
10.1177/10454411990100040601
Craniofacial pain and motor function: pathogenesis, clinical correlates, and implications.
C. Stohler (1999)
10.1016/S0959-437X(00)00215-X
Skeletal muscle formation in vertebrates.
M. Buckingham (2001)
10.1249/00005768-199508000-00009
Coordination of blood flow control in the resistance vasculature of skeletal muscle.
S. Segal (1995)
10.2741/GUSTAFSS
Exercise-induced angiogenesis-related growth and transcription factors in skeletal muscle, and their modification in muscle pathology.
T. Gustafsson (2001)
10.1177/154405910508400902
Fiber-type Composition of the Human Jaw Muscles—(Part 2) Role of Hybrid Fibers and Factors Responsible for Inter-individual Variation
J. A. Korfage (2005)
10.1007/978-1-349-08964-2
Neurophysiology of the Jaws and Teeth
A. Taylor (1990)
10.1016/0304-3959(93)90027-M
Nociception from skeletal muscle in relation to clinical muscle pain
S. Mense (1993)
10.1097/00002060-200211001-00004
Neural adaptations with chronic activity patterns in able-bodied humans.
J. Duchateau (2002)
Validity of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders Axis I in clinical and research settings.
M. Steenks (2009)
10.1007/s00441-005-0019-x
Embryonic and postnatal development of masticatory and tongue muscles
A. Yamane (2005)
10.1038/nrg1109
Looking back to the embryo: defining transcriptional networks in adult myogenesis
M. Parker (2003)
10.1159/000146360
Effects of long-term intake of a fine-grained diet on the mouse masseter muscle.
N. Maeda (1987)
10.1177/154405910308200207
Sex Differences in Masticatory Muscle Pain after Chewing
H. Karibe (2003)
10.3181/00379727-211-43965
Regulation of Skeletal Muscle Blood Flow During Contractions
J. M. Lash (1996)
10.1113/jphysiol.1977.sp011975
Capillary supply of the quadriceps femoris muscle of man: adaptive response to exercise
P. Andersen (1977)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar