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[Importance Of The Tibial Slope In Knee Arthroplasty].

S. Wittenberg, U. Sentuerk, L. Renner, C. Weynandt, C. Perka, C. Gwinner
Published 2019 · Medicine

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Notwithstanding the contributions of soft tissue restraints on postoperative kinematics and long-term survival after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), there is an emerging consensus that the underlying anatomy, especially the posterior inclination of the tibial plateau in the sagittal plane (tibial slope), might just have a comparable impact. However, this has not been fully elucidated as yet. Therefore, a thorough literature search, analysis and presentation of current scientific data was conducted. The tibial slope has been shown to relate linearly to the postoperative range of motion and function of the extensor mechanism. Furthermore, it impacts wear of the tibial insert and loosening, as well as instability of the TKA. As no consensus has been reached on the ideal tibial slope, recommendations range from 0° to 10°. Notably, more recent studies favor reconstructing the native, preoperative tibial slope, and the majority of authors advocate that knowledge of this is crucial for optimal TKA surgery.
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