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Effects Of One Bout Of Endurance Exercise On The Expression Of Myogenin In Human Quadriceps Muscle

F. Kadi, F. Johansson, R. Johansson, Mikael Sjöström, J. Henriksson
Published 2004 · Biology, Medicine

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The objective of this study was to investigate the cellular localisation of MyoD and myogenin in human skeletal muscle fibres as well as the possible alterations in the expression of MyoD and myogenin in response to a single bout of endurance exercise at 40% and 75% of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max). Twenty-five biopsies (5 per subject) from the vastus lateralis muscle were obtained before exercise, from the exercising leg at 40% and 75% of VO2 max and from the resting leg following these exercise bouts. The tyramide signal amplification-direct and the Vectastain ABC methods using specific monoclonal antibodies were used to determine the exact location of myogenin and MyoD, to identify muscle satellite cells and to determine myosin heavy chain (MyHC) composition. At rest, myonuclei did not express MyoD or myogenin. Following a single bout of exercise at 40% and 75% of VO2 max, an accumulation of myogenin in myonuclei and not in satellite cells was observed in biopsies from the exercised leg but not in biopsies before exercise and from the resting leg. The number of myogenin-positive myonuclei varied among individuals indicating differences in the response to a single exercise bout. In conclusion, this immunohistochemical study showed that a rapid rearrangement of myogenin expression occurs in exercised human skeletal muscles in response to a single bout of exercise.
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