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Effects Of Artificially-induced Anaemia On Sudomotor And Cutaneous Blood Flow Responses To Heat Stress

N. Taylor, M. Patterson, J. Cotter, D. Macfarlane
Published 1997 · Chemistry, Medicine

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Abstract The influence of artificially induced anaemia on thermal strain was evaluated in trained males. Heat stress trials (38.6°C, water vapour pressure 2.74 kPa) performed at the same absolute work rates [20 min of seated rest, 20 min of cycling at 30% peak aerobic power (V˙O2peak), and 20 min cycling at 45% V˙O2peak] were completed before (HST1) and 3–5 days after 3 units of whole blood were withdrawn (HST2). Mild anaemia did not elevate thermal strain between trials, with auditory canal temperatures terminating at 38.5°C [(0.16), HST1] and 38.6°C [(0.13), HST2; P > 0.05]. Given that blood withdrawal reduced aerobic power by 16%, this observation deviates from the close association often observed between core temperature and relative exercise intensity. During HST2, the absolute and integrated forearm sweat rate (m˙sw) exceeded control levels during exercise (P < 0.05), while a suppression of forehead m˙sw occurred (P < 0.05). These observations are consistent with a possible peripheral redistribution of sweat secretion. It was concluded that this level of artificially induced anaemia did not impact upon heat strain during a 60-min heat stress test.
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