Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Mercury Contamination In Selected Foodstuffs And Potential Health Risk Assessment Along The Artisanal Gold Mining, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

Arjumand Riaz, Sardar Khan, Said Muhammad, Caihong Liu, Mohammad Tahir Shah, Mohsin Tariq
Published 2017 · Geology, Medicine
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
This study investigates the mercury (Hg) contaminations in soil and foodstuffs along the artisanal gold mining areas, Gilgit-Baltistan Province, Pakistan. For this purpose, soils were analyzed for Hg concentrations and evaluated for the enrichment/contamination using enrichment factor or contamination factors (CF). The CF values ranged from 18.9 to 153 showed multifold higher levels of Hg contamination as compared to background or reference site. Foodstuffs including vegetables, seeds or grains and fish muscles showed Hg accumulation. Results revealed that Hg concentrations in foodstuffs were higher than the critical human health value set by European Union. The Hg in foodstuffs was consumed and, therefore, evaluated for the risk assessment indices using the daily intake (DI) and health risk index (HRI) for the exposed human population both children and adults. Results of this study revealed that cumulative HRI values through foodstuffs consumption were <1 (within safe limit), but if the current practices continued, then the Hg contamination could pose potential threat to exposed population in near future.
This paper references
10.1007/978-3-319-04411-8_5
Status of heavy metal residues in fish species of Pakistan.
Majid Hussain (2014)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.07.067
Human health risk from heavy metal via food crops consumption with wastewater irrigation practices in Pakistan.
Muhammad Usman Khan (2013)
Study on the proposed environmental guidelines for Cd, Hg, Pb and As in soil of China
W. Yanyu (1992)
10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.09.025
Determination of mercury in fish by cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry using an automatic mercury analyzer
Ray Bright Voegborlo (2007)
Exposure frequency
Khan (2010)
10.1007/s11356-015-4340-y
Human exposure and risk assessment associated with mercury contamination in artisanal gold mining areas in the Brazilian Amazon
Zuleica Carmen Castilhos (2015)
10.1016/0001-4575(91)90016-X
Epidemiology of traffic accidents in a Swedish municipality.
Kent Lindqvist (1991)
concentrations among plants and their tissues was attributed to the variation in species nature, Hg contaminations and soil characteristics (Brioschi et al
Delgado (2012)
10.1007/s11356-013-1616-y
Assessing anthropogenic sources of mercury in soil in Wanshan Hg mining area, Guizhou, China
Zhihui Dai (2013)
10.1289/ehp.1001915
In Inland China, Rice, Rather than Fish, Is the Major Pathway for Methylmercury Exposure
Hua Zhang (2010)
10.1021/es071948x
Human exposure to methylmercury through rice intake in mercury mining areas, Guizhou province, China.
Xinbin Feng (2008)
10.1007/BF00342285
The analysis of vegetation for total mercury
Pat E. Rasmussen (1991)
Determination of Levels of As, Cd, Cr, Hg and Pb in Soils and Some Vegetables Taken from River Mojo Water Irrigated Farmland at Koka Village, Oromia State, East Ethiopia
Tamene Fite Duressa (2015)
2015) for the exposed population via fish consumption. Higher HRI values for children as compared to adults of this study
Cheng (2015)
10.1021/jf073391a
Methylmercury accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown at abandoned mercury mines in Guizhou, China.
Guangle Qiu (2008)
10.1021/acs.est.5b00195
Human Body Burden and Dietary Methylmercury Intake: The Relationship in a Rice-Consuming Population.
Peijun Li (2015)
10.1007/s10653-016-9834-0
Health risk assessment through consumption of vegetables rich in heavy metals: the case study of the surrounding villages from Panasqueira mine, Central Portugal
Paula F. Ávila (2016)
AMAP/UNEP technical background report for the global mercury assessment 2013 : final technical report; output
Arctic Monitoring (2013)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.115
Oral bioaccessibility and human exposure to anthropogenic and geogenic mercury in urban, industrial and mining areas.
Sónia Morais Rodrigues (2014)
10.1007/s11104-012-1407-0
Transfer of rare earth elements (REE) from natural soil to plant systems: implications for the environmental availability of anthropogenic REE
Laura Brioschi (2012)
10.1007/s11356-014-3611-3
Mercury distribution in sediment along urban–rural gradient around Shanghai (China): implication for pollution history
Jing Yang (2014)
10.1016/j.aca.2010.01.048
Methods for the determination and speciation of mercury in natural waters--a review.
Kerstin Leopold (2010)
10.2307/3454523
Vulnerability of children and the developing brain to neurotoxic hazards.
Benjamin Mountain View Weiss (2000)
Health risk assessment through consumption of vegetables rich in heavy metals : The case study of the surrounding villages from Panasqueira mine Central Potugal
J. O. Bash (2017)
10.1289/ehp.1307864
Mercury Exposure and Health Impacts among Individuals in the Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining Community: A Comprehensive Review
Herman Gibb (2014)
10.1175/JAM2553.1
Dynamic Surface Interface Exchanges of Mercury: A Review and Compartmentalized Modeling Framework
Jesse O. Bash (2007)
10.1007/978-94-011-0153-0_120
Design and initial tests of a dynamic enclosure chamber for measurements of vapor-phase mercury fluxes over soils
Ki-Hyun Kim (1995)
10.1002/CLEN.201200632
Potential Heavy Metals Accumulation of Indigenous Plant Species along the Mafic and Ultramafic Terrain in the Mohmand Agency, Pakistan
Mohammad Tahir Shah (2014)
10.1016/J.ETI.2015.11.003
Mercury contamination in the blood, urine, hair and nails of the gold washers and its human health risk during extraction of placer gold along Gilgit, Hunza and Indus rivers in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Arjumand Riaz (2016)
10.1002/CLEN.201200588
Potential Risk Assessment of Metal Consumption in Food Crops Irrigated with Wastewater
Muhammad Umar Khan (2014)
10.1021/es070908q
Phytoremediation of mercury and organomercurials in chloroplast transgenic plants: enhanced root uptake, translocation to shoots, and volatilization.
Hussein Salih Hussein (2007)
10.1007/s10653-017-9909-6
Concentration of heavy metals in vegetables and potential health risk assessment in China
Taiyang Zhong (2017)
10.1080/10807039.2015.1083845
Arsenic and heavy metals health risk assessment through drinking water consumption in the Peshawar District, Pakistan
Sardar Khan (2016)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.05.002
Health risk of Hg, Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu to the inhabitants around Huludao Zinc Plant in China via consumption of vegetables.
N Zheng (2007)
10.1007/s12403-016-0224-8
Geochemical Characteristics and Groundwater Quality in the Vientiane Plain, Laos
K. Brindha (2016)
10.1016/j.cppeds.2010.07.002
Mercury exposure and children's health.
Stephan Bose-O’Reilly (2010)
10.1007/s11356-014-3333-6
Environmental mercury concentrations in cultured low-trophic-level fish using food waste-based diets
Zhang Cheng (2014)
10.14863/geosocabst.2015.0_364
Transfer of rare earth elements from manganese oxide to phosphate during diagenesis in deep sea sediments
Yoshio Takahashi (2015)
10.1002/HYP.10175
The source and fate of sediment and mercury in Hunza River basin, Northern Areas, Pakistan
Kivanc Biber (2015)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.09.044
Speciation and bioavailability of mercury in sediments impacted by gold mining in Colombia.
José Pinedo‐Hernández (2015)
10.1080/20016491089226
Mercury in the Aquatic Environment: A Review of Factors Affecting Methylation
Susanne M. Ullrich (2001)
Investigation of the Source, Fate, and Transport of Mercury in Hunza River, Northern Areas, Pakistan
Kivanc Biber (2012)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.08.016
Soil and vegetables enrichment with heavy metals from geological sources in Gilgit, northern Pakistan.
Sardar Khan (2010)
10.1007/s10653-017-9907-8
Trace metals accumulation in soil irrigated with polluted water and assessment of human health risk from vegetable consumption in Bangladesh
Md. Atikul Islam (2017)
10.1080/10807039.2015.1056292
Heavy metals potential health risk assessment through consumption of wastewater irrigated wild plants: A case study
Muhammad Uzair Khan (2016)
Geochemical characteristics and
L. Elango (2016)
10.1155/2013/194765
Wild Plant Assessment for Heavy Metal Phytoremediation Potential along the Mafic and Ultramafic Terrain in Northern Pakistan
Said Muhammad (2013)
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.06.001
Enrichment of rare earth elements as environmental tracers of contamination by acid mine drainage in salt marshes: a new perspective.
Joaquin Delgado (2012)
10.1007/s11356-014-3913-5
Human exposure to mercury in artisanal small-scale gold mining areas of Kedougou region, Senegal, as a function of occupational activity and fish consumption
Birane Niane (2014)
Acetabular labrum tears. Diagnosis and treatment.
Robert H. Fitzgerald (1995)
Exploration and extraction of placer gold in the terraces of Bagrot valley, Gilgit, northern Pakistan
M. T. Shah (2004)
Human health risk from Heavy metal via food crops consumption with wastewater irrigation practices
M. U. Khan (2013)
10.1002/etc.1913
Inorganic mercury accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Bo Meng (2012)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/j.eti.2020.100700
Occurrence, source identification and potential risk evaluation of heavy metals in sediments of the Hunza River and its tributaries, Gilgit-Baltistan
Kashif Ahmad (2020)
10.1038/s41598-018-34767-z
Copper and other heavy metals in grapes: a pilot study tracing influential factors and evaluating potential risks in China
Xiaomin Li (2018)
10.1002/chem.201704840
The Mercury Problem in Artisanal and Small‐Scale Gold Mining
Louisa J Esdaile (2018)
10.1007/s10230-019-00613-5
Mercury Contamination in Water and Sediments and the Associated Health Risk: A Case Study of Artisanal Gold-mining
Arjumand Riaz (2019)
10.1007/s11356-018-2755-y
Associations of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in drinking water and human biomarkers: a case study from five districts of Pakistan
Ubaid Ur Rehman (2018)
10.1080/01480545.2019.1621334
Assessment of the concentrations and health risk of some heavy metals in cowpea (Vignus unguiculata) in Gwagwalada, Nigeria.
Motunrayo Ganiyat Akande (2019)
10.1080/15569543.2018.1478858
Ecological and health risk assessment of heavy metals in the Hattar industrial estate, Pakistan
Shah Jehan (2020)
10.1016/j.envres.2018.11.011
Total, methyl and inorganic mercury concentrations in blood and environmental exposure sources in newcomer women in Toronto, Canada
Clare L.S. Wiseman (2019)
10.5004/DWT.2019.24145
Potentially toxic elements contamination in water and evaluation for risk assessment in the Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Said Akbar Khan (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.003
Mercury and other trace metals in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) grown with two low-salinity shrimp effluents: Accumulation and human health risk assessment.
Jesús A. León-Cañedo (2019)
10.1007/s12665-017-6824-1
Potentially toxic elements concentrations and human health risk assessment of food crops in Bajaur Agency, Pakistan
Zia Ullah (2017)
10.1038/s41370-020-0206-6
Seafood, wine, rice, vegetables, and other food items associated with mercury biomarkers among seafood and non-seafood consumers: NHANES 2011–2012
Ellen M Wells (2020)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar